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Manual Reference Pages  -  MINERD (1)


minerd - CPU miner for Bitcoin and Litecoin




minerd [OPTION]...


minerd is a multi-threaded CPU miner for Bitcoin, Litecoin and other cryptocurrencies. It supports the getwork and getblocktemplate (BIP 22) methods, as well as the Stratum mining protocol.

In its normal mode of operation, minerd connects to a mining server (specified with the -o option), receives work from it and starts hashing. As soon as a solution is found, it is submitted to the same mining server, which can accept or reject it. When using getwork or getblocktemplate, minerd can take advantage of long polling, if the server supports it; in any case, fresh work is fetched as needed. When using the Stratum protocol this is not possible, and the server is responsible for sending fresh work at least every minute; if it fails to do so, minerd may drop the connection and try reconnecting again.

By default, minerd writes all its messages to standard error. On systems that have a syslog, the --syslog option can be used to write to it instead.

On start, the nice value of all miner threads is set to 19. On Linux, the scheduling policy is also changed to SCHED_IDLE, or to SCHED_BATCH if that fails. On multiprocessor systems, minerd automatically sets the CPU affinity of miner threads if the number of threads is a multiple of the number of processors.


To connect to a Litecoin mining pool that provides a Stratum server at on port 3333, authenticating as worker "foo" with password "bar":

minerd -o stratum+tcp:// -O foo:bar

To mine to a local Bitcoin testnet instance running on port 18332, authenticating with username "rpcuser" and password "rpcpass":

minerd -a sha256d -o http://localhost:18332 -O rpcuser:rpcpass \         --coinbase-addr=mpXwg4jMtRhuSpVq4xS3HFHmCmWp9NyGKt

To connect to a Litecoin P2Pool node running on my.server on port 9327, mining in the background and having output sent to the syslog facility, omitting the per-thread hashmeter output:

minerd -BSq -o http://my.server:9327


-a, --algo=ALGORITHM
  Set the hashing algorithm to use. Default is scrypt. Possible values are:
scrypt scrypt(1024, 1, 1) (used by Litecoin)
sha256d SHA-256d (used by Bitcoin)
  Run in offline benchmark mode.
-B, --background
  Run in the background as a daemon.
  Set an SSL certificate to use with the mining server. Only supported when using the HTTPS protocol.
  Set a payout address for solo mining. This is only used in getblocktemplate mode, and only if the server does not provide a coinbase transaction.
  Set a string to be included in the coinbase (if allowed by the server). This is only used in getblocktemplate mode.
-c, --config=FILE
  Load options from a configuration file. FILE must contain a JSON object mapping long options to their arguments (as strings), or to true if no argument is required. Sample configuration file:

                "url": "stratum+tcp://",
                "userpass": "foo:bar",
                "retry-pause": "10",
                "quiet": true

-D, --debug
  Enable debug output.
-h, --help Print a help message and exit.
--no-gbt Do not use the getblocktemplate RPC method.
  Do not use the getwork RPC method.
  Do not use long polling.
  Ignore requests from the server to switch to a different URL.
  Do not switch to Stratum, even if the server advertises support for it.
  Set the URL of the mining server to connect to. Supported schemes are http, https and stratum+tcp. If no scheme is specified, http is assumed. Specifying a PATH is only supported for HTTP and HTTPS. Specifying credentials has the same effect as using the -O option.

By default, on HTTP and HTTPS, the miner tries to use the getblocktemplate RPC method, and falls back to using getwork if getblocktemplate is unavailable. This behavior can be modified by using the --no-gbt and --no-getwork options.

  Set the credentials to use for connecting to the mining server. Any value previously set with -u or -p is discarded.
-p, --pass=PASSWORD
  Set the password to use for connecting to the mining server. Any password previously set with -O is discarded.
-P, --protocol-dump
  Enable output of all protocol-level activities.
-q, --quiet
  Disable per-thread hashmeter output.
-r, --retries=N
  Set the maximum number of times to retry if a network call fails. If not specified, the miner will retry indefinitely.
-R, --retry-pause=SECONDS
  Set how long to wait between retries. Default is 30 seconds.
-s, --scantime=SECONDS
  Set an upper bound on the time the miner can go without fetching fresh work. This setting has no effect in Stratum mode or when long polling is activated. Default is 5 seconds.
-S, --syslog
  Log to the syslog facility instead of standard error.
-t, --threads=N
  Set the number of miner threads. If not specified, the miner will try to detect the number of available processors and use that.
-T, --timeout=SECONDS
  Set a timeout for long polling.
-u, --user=USERNAME
  Set the username to use for connecting to the mining server. Any username previously set with -O is discarded.
-V, --version
  Display version information and quit.
  Connect to the mining server through a proxy. Supported schemes are: http, socks4, socks5. Since libcurl 7.18.0, the following are also supported: socks4a, socks5h (SOCKS5 with remote name resolving). If no scheme is specified, the proxy is treated as an HTTP proxy.


The following environment variables can be specified in lower case or upper case; the lower-case version has precedence. http_proxy is an exception as it is only available in lower case.

http_proxy [SCHEME://]HOST:PORT
  Sets the proxy server to use for HTTP.
  Sets the proxy server to use for HTTPS.
  Sets the proxy server to use if no protocol-specific proxy is set.

Using an environment variable to set the proxy has the same effect as using the -x option.


Most of the code in the current version of minerd was written by Pooler <> with contributions from others.

The original minerd was written by Jeff Garzik <>.

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cpuminer 2.4 MINERD (1) May 2014

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