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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  PKGDB (1)

NAME

pkgdb, pkg_which - tools to manage and search the package database

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Options
Environment
Files
Examples
See Also
History
Authors
Bugs

SYNOPSIS

pkgdb [-ahfFiLOQQquv] [-o pkgname] [-s /old/new/] pkg_which [-hQQq] [-c pkgname] [file] ...

DESCRIPTION

The pkgdb command is a tool to create or update the system package database which is used by the portupgrade(1) tool suite. It maintains a hash that maps an installed file to a package name, a hash that maps a package to an origin, and a list of installed packages.

pkg_which looks in the package database to tell which package each specified file came from. If the database is outdated but you do not have permission to update it, it delegates tasks to pkg_info(1).

Actually, pkgdb and pkg_which are the same command, and are equivalent.

The pkgdb command also works as an interactive tool for fixing the package registry database when -F is specified. It helps you resolve stale dependencies, unlink cyclic dependencies, complete stale or missing origins and remove duplicates. You should run this command periodically so portupgrade(1) and other pkg_* tools can work effectively and reliably.

OPTIONS

The following command line arguments are supported:

file Inquire which package file came from. If the file is not present, pkg_which calls which(1) to search PATH for the file.

-h
--help
  Show help and exit.

-a
--auto
  Turn on automatic mode when -F is also specified. pkgdb only fixes discrepancies that can be fixed securely and leaves the others.

--autofix Shorthand of --auto --fix -( -aF ).

-c PKGNAME
--collate PKGNAME
  Show files installed by the given package that have been overwritten by other packages.

-f
--force
  Force; Specified with -u , update database regardless of timestamps. Specified with -F , fix "held" packages too.

-F
--fix
  Interactively fix the package registry database.

-i
--interactive
  Turn on interactive mode.

-L
--fix-lost
  Check and restore lost dependencies against the ports tree.

-o PKGNAME
--origin PKGNAME
  Look up the origin of the given package in the package database.

-O
--omit-check
  Specified with -F, turn off check dependencies against the ports tree. Useful if you need a speed-up.

-Q
--quiet
  Do not write anything to stdout. Specified twice, do not write anything to stderr either. This is for internal use.

-q
--noconfig
  Do not read the configuration file - $PREFIX/etc/pkgtools.conf.

-s /OLD/NEW/
--substitute /OLD/NEW/
  Substitute all the dependencies recorded as OLD with NEW and exit.

-u
--update
  Update or create the package database file pkgdb.db in $PKG_DBDIR, which is /var/db/pkg by default.

Note: if the ports database files are stale, pkgdb will automatically update them before proceeding, so manual updating is not mandatory.

-v
--verbose
  Turn on verbose output.

ENVIRONMENT

PKG_DBDIR Alternative location for the installed package database. Default is "/var/db/pkg".

PORTSDIR Alternative location for the ports tree. Default is "/usr/ports".

PORTS_INDEX Alternative location for the ports INDEX file. Default is "$PORTSDIR/INDEX".

PORTS_DBDIR Alternative location for the ports database files. Default is "$PORTSDIR". The database files in the directory are automatically created or updated as necessary. See portsdb(1) for details.

PKGTOOLS_CONF
  Configuration file for the pkgtools suite. Default is "$PREFIX/etc/pkgtools.conf".

FILES

/var/db/pkg Default location of the package database.

$PREFIX/etc/pkgtools.conf
  Default location of the pkgtools configuration file.

EXAMPLES

  • Get a list of files under /usr/local and /usr/X11R6 that do not belong to any package:

        find /usr/local /usr/X11R6 -type f -print0 | xargs -0 pkg_which -v | fgrep ’?’

SEE ALSO

portsclean(1), portsdb(1), portupgrade(1), pkgtools.conf(5), ports(7)

HISTORY

The idea of pkgdb.db was taken from
.Nx .

AUTHORS


.An Akinori MUSHA Aq knu@iDaemons.org
.An Sergey Matveychuk Aq sem@FreeBSD.org

BUGS

Sometimes a database may get corrupt, and the pkgtools commands may abort with a segmentation fault. In such cases, run "pkgdb -fu" to rebuild the database, and the problems should go away.
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