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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  SC_TBITBLIND (1)

NAME

sc_tbitblind - scamper driver to test systems for resilience to blind TCP attacks.

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Examples
See Also
Authors

SYNOPSIS

sc_tbitblind
.Bk -words [-r] [-a addressfile] [-A application] [-c completed-file] [-l limit-per-file] [-o output-file] [-O options] [-p scamper-port] [-t log-file] [-T ttl] [-w wait-between]
.Ek

DESCRIPTION

The sc_tbitblind utility provides the ability to connect to a running scamper(1) instance and use that instance to test systems for resilience to blind TCP attacks, with the output written to a file in warts format. The utility tests a given system for regular TCP behavior, and then tests the system for response to reset, SYN, and data packets that could have come from a blind attacker because the sequence number is not the next sequence number value expected by the receiver (the reset and SYN cases) or the acknowledgment value covers data ahead or behind the receiver’s point in their sequence number space (the data cases). The utility also tests the system’s response to a connection that advertises support for window scaling, TCP timestamps, and Selective Acknowledgments (SACK).

The options are as follows:
-? prints a list of command line options and a synopsis of each.
-a addressfile
  specifies the name of the input file which constists of a sequence of systems to test, one system per line.
-A application
  specifies the type of application to simulate while testing the system. Options are HTTP and BGP.
-c completed-file
  specifies the name of a file to record IP addresses that have been tested.
-l limit-per-file
  specifies the number of tbit objects to record per warts file, before opening a new file and placing new objects.
-o output-file
  specifies the name of the file to be written. The output file will use the warts format.
-O options
  allows the behavior of sc_tbitblind to be further tailored. The current choices for this option are:
noshuffle: do not shuffle the order of the input list or the order of the tests.
-p scamper-port specifies the port on the local host where scamper(1) is accepting control socket connections.
-r causes the random number generator used to shuffle tests be seeded.
-t log-file specifies the name of a file to log progress output from sc_tbitblind generated at run time.
-T ttl specifies the IP-TTL to use with the blind TCP tests.
-w wait-between specifies the length of time to wait between any two TCP tests to one system.

EXAMPLES

Use of this driver requires a scamper instance listening on a port for commands, which has been configured to use the IPFW firewall as follows:

    scamper -P 31337 -F ipfw

To test a set of web servers specified in a file named webservers.txt and formatted as follows:

1,example.com 1263 192.0.2.1 http://www.example.com/
1,example.com 1263 2001:DB8::1 http://www.example.com/
1,example.com 1263 2001:DB8::2 https://www.example.com/

the following command will test all servers for resilience to blind TCP attacks and record raw data into webservers_00.warts, webservers_01.warts, etc:

    sc_tbitblind -a webservers.txt -p 31337 -o webservers

The webservers.txt file is required to be formatted as above. The format is: numeric ID to pass to tbit, a label for the webserver, the size of the object to be fetched, the IP address to contact, and the URL to use.

To test a set of BGP routers specified in bgprouters.txt and formatted as follows:

192.0.2.2 65000
192.0.2.2 65001

the following command will test all BGP routers for resilience to blind TCP attacks, without shuffling the test order, waiting 180 seconds between tests, and record raw data into bgprouters_00.warts, bgprouters_01.warts, etc:

    sc_tbitblind -a bgprouters.txt -p 31337 -o bgprouters -A bgp -O noshuffle -w 180

The bgprouters.txt file is required to be formatted as above. The format of that file is: IP address to establish a BGP session with, and the ASN to use.

SEE ALSO


.Rs Resilience of Deployed TCP to Blind Attacks
.Re scamper(1), sc_wartsdump(1), sc_warts2json(1), warts(5)

AUTHORS

sc_tbitblind was written by Matthew Luckie <mjl@luckie.org.nz>. Tiange Wu contributed an initial implementation of the blind in-window TBIT test to scamper, and Robert Beverly contributed support for testing BGP routers.
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