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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  TASKSET (1)

NAME

taskset - retrieve or set a process’s CPU affinity

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Options
Usage
Permissions
Author
Copyright
Availability

SYNOPSIS

taskset [options] mask command [arg]...
taskset [options] -p [mask] pid

DESCRIPTION

taskset is used to set or retrieve the CPU affinity of a running process given its PID or to launch a new COMMAND with a given CPU affinity. CPU affinity is a scheduler property that "bonds" a process to a given set of CPUs on the system. The Linux scheduler will honor the given CPU affinity and the process will not run on any other CPUs. Note that the Linux scheduler also supports natural CPU affinity: the scheduler attempts to keep processes on the same CPU as long as practical for performance reasons. Therefore, forcing a specific CPU affinity is useful only in certain applications.

The CPU affinity is represented as a bitmask, with the lowest order bit corresponding to the first logical CPU and the highest order bit corresponding to the last logical CPU. Not all CPUs may exist on a given system but a mask may specify more CPUs than are present. A retrieved mask will reflect only the bits that correspond to CPUs physically on the system. If an invalid mask is given (i.e., one that corresponds to no valid CPUs on the current system) an error is returned. The masks are typically given in hexadecimal. For example,
0x00000001
  is processor #0
0x00000003
  is processors #0 and #1
0xFFFFFFFF
  is all processors (#0 through #31)
When taskset returns, it is guaranteed that the given program has been scheduled to a legal CPU.

OPTIONS

-p, --pid operate on an existing PID and not launch a new task
-c, --cpu-list
  specify a numerical list of processors instead of a bitmask. The list may contain multiple items, separated by comma, and ranges. For example, 0,5,7,9-11.
-h, --help display usage information and exit
-V, --version
  output version information and exit

USAGE

The default behavior is to run a new command with a given affinity mask:
  taskset mask command [arguments]
You can also retrieve the CPU affinity of an existing task:
  taskset -p pid
Or set it:
  taskset -p mask pid

PERMISSIONS

A user can change the CPU affinity of a process belonging to the same user. A user must possess CAP_SYS_NICE to change the CPU affinity of a process belonging to another user. A user can retrieve the affinity mask of any process.

AUTHOR

Written by Robert M. Love.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2004 Robert M. Love
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

SEE ALSO

chrt(1), nice(1), renice(1), sched_setaffinity(2), sched_getaffinity(2)

See sched_setscheduler(2) for a description of the Linux scheduling scheme.

AVAILABILITY

The taskset command is part of the util-linux-ng package and is available from ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux-ng/.
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schedutils TASKSET (1) Apr 2003

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