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Man Pages

Manual Reference Pages  -  WEEX (1)


weex - fast WEb EXchanger non-interactive FTP client


Configuration File


weex [ Options ] HOSTID [HOSTID...]


weex is a utility designed to automate the task of remotely maintaining a web page or other FTP archive. With weex , the maintainer of a web site or archive that must be administered through FTP interaction can largely ignore that process. The archive administrator simply creates a local directory that serves as an exact model for the offsite data. All modifications and direct interaction is done locally to this directory structure. When the administrator wishes to coordinate the data on the remote site with that of the local model directory, simply executing weex accomplishes this in the most bandwidth-efficient fashion by only transferring files that need updating. The program will create or remove (!) files or directories as necessary to accurately establish the local model on the remote server.

The mandatory HOSTID argument is the user-defined name that represents a particular FTP account or configuration specified in the ~/.weexrc file. This file, the contents of which are described below, can alternatively be named ~/.weex/weexrc. Multiple HOSTID arguments to a single weex command are supported to affect multiple archives or configurations in immediate succession. In addition, the actual HOSTID can be substituted with the number representing its relative sequential position in the ~/.weexrc file (the first HOSTID definition is 1, and so on).


Options at the command line take precedence over any specified in the configuration file.
-d, --debug-config
  Outputs the configuration of each hosts.

-D, --debug-ftplib
  Outputs messages from/to FTP server.

-f, --force
  If the caching mechanism is inhibiting the uploading of files that should be transferred, this option will force the actual transfer to always occur.

-h, --help
  Outputs a usage summary to stdout.

-m, --monochrome
  The default mode generates a helpful color coding based on the operation being performed. This option suppresses that.

-r, --rebuild-cache
  If cache file is broken, use this to rebuild it.

-s, --silent
  The default mode outputs a helpful status message for each action taken, including file transfer progress meters. This mode suppresses output.

-t, --test
  Weex doesn’t modify any remote files/directories.

-V, --version
  Prints the version of the weex program.


Because this program is meant to be non-interactive, a properly set up configuration file is essential. weex looks for this file either in ~/.weexrc or ~/.weex/weexrc.

The general format of the configuration file is a bracketed section heading followed by parameters that define that section’s configuration. This section name is what is provided to weex at run time to indicate the FTP arrangement you wish to update. A parameter is only valid for the most recent section heading that preceded it. The exception to this is the [default] section which creates settings for unspecified parameters in every section. In the case of parameters that accept multiple values, the default section augments any specifically designated values.

Lines that begin with the ’#’ character are safely ignored as comments. Neither section names nor parameter variables are case sensitive in any way. Section names can not begin with numbers. Some parameters can be assigned multiple values. Where this is not possible, the last value is used. To quote special characters, use single quotes (’) or double quotes ("). To quote a particular quote symbol, use the other quote. The general syntax format for the configuration file is:
  Parameter1 = Value
# First method for multiple values
Parameter2 = Value
Parameter2 = Value
  Parameter1 = Value
# Second method for multiple values
Parameter2 = {
  Parameter = Value

These parameters are used to define the properties of a particular host configuration named in brackets. When specifying directory names, the trailing "/" is optional. Also, both files and directories (except SrcDir and DestDir) can be specified with shell wildcards. When specifying files, if a file or file pattern is given without a path, it is assumed to be available when encountered in any directory. If it is an explicitly specified path/file combination, the configuration is available in that directory. Files/directories except ‘SrcDir’ and ‘DestDir’ can be specified as both absolute path and relative path. But you must specify ‘SrcDir’ and ‘DestDir’ as absolute path. When you want to specify ‘/public_html/ignoreme.html’ as relative path, you should specify ‘./ignoreme.html’ rather than ‘ignoreme.html’. When specifying binary states, you may use any of the following: True/False, Yes/No, T/F, 1/0. None are case sensitive.

  Filename patterns that will be transferred using ASCII mode. The default mode for files not specified in this way is IMAGE(BINARY) mode.

  If you are using an FTP proxy server that requires challenge/response authorization with the nonstandard AUTHORIZE and RESPONSE commands, set this parameter to your authorization user name (or number). After logging in to the proxy, weex will prompt you with the challenge and read back a response.

  The access permissions of the files in the directories specified with ChangePermissionDir are changed to this parameter. The format is a three digit octal number.

  Files in directories assigned to this parameter will have their access permissions changed after sending. Specify local directories.

  Set ‘true’ to change remote current working directory to DestDir at connection. If remote current working directory at connection is DestDir, weex runs faster a bit by setting this parameter to ‘false’. Default is ‘true’.

  If set to ‘true’, the filenames are converted to lower case before sending. This feature allows interaction with FTP servers that do not support case sensitive filenames. If a naming conflict arises due to a lower case name already existing, an error occurs. Furthermore, the cache is totally unaware of original uppercase filenames.

  Destination directory on the remote FTP server where the mirrored information will be sent. This setting corresponds to the "pwd" command on traditional FTP clients.

Force If the caching mechanism is inhibiting the uploading of files that should be transferred, this option will force the actual transfer to always occur if set to ‘true’.

  Set ‘true’ to follow symbolic links. Default is ‘false’. Symbolic link of directory assumes a file whose size is 0 byte at default.

  When it is ‘false’, weex uses port mode instead of passive mode. If the FTP server doesn’t support passive mode, specify ‘false’. (It may make transfer slower) Default is ‘true’. (See also FAQ)

  Hostname to connect to. The "ftp://" protocol specifier is implied and shouldn’t be used. An IP address is also valid and may save lookup time.

  This parameter contains one or more protected local directories that are completely ignored during the transfer process. This is useful if you want to have subdirectories that are part of a project but don’t need to be in the final, online version (i.e., old versions).

  This parameter contains one or more protected local file specifiers that will be completely ignored during the transfer process.

  This parameter contains one or more protected remote directories that are completely ignored during the transfer process. This is useful if you want to have other material on the remote FTP site that is not related to the specific project that weex is dealing with. This could include, for example, data administered through a different FTP client or process.

  This parameter contains one or more protected remote file specifiers that will be completely ignored during the transfer process.

  In their directories, files are not removed when they don’t exist in the local directory.

  It specifis how detail level weex records a log at. Connection and disconnection message and error messages are always recorded. When weex finishes working correctly, it writes ‘Complete’ previous disconnection message. If 1 or less, records each connection. If 2, records each directory. If 3 or more, records each file manipulated Default is 1.

  Login name of the account on the FTP server.

  When weex fails in sending a file, it retry to send the file. The maximum times of retrying is this parameter. Default is 8. Specify -1 to stop retrying.

  The default mode generates a helpful color coding based on the operation being performed. A ‘true’ setting suppresses that.

  An integer that controls the indent spacing of the output. The default is 4. If you want to suppress it, specify -1. If you specify 0, weex uses 4. :-)

  If the FTP server has trouble overwriting files, set this parameter to ‘false’, and each file will be deleted before a new version is put in place.

  Plaintext password granting access to the account. Note that this file uses no special facilities to safeguard passwords. Make sure that the file permissions of a configuration file containing passwords are set conservatively. If they are not, a warning will be issued at execution. If this parameter is not found, weex asks for it on the terminal.

  The access permissions of the files in directories assigned to this parameter will be copied to remote. Specify *local* directories.

  When ‘true’, weex create a log.

  If this parameter is set to ‘true’, each file is uploaded under the temporary name ‘weex.tmp’, then renamed to its correct name only if the upload succeeds. This avoids the problem of a user getting an incomplete file if he downloads from your Web site while you are uploading to it, and of incomplete files being uploaded if your FTP connection breaks while weex is running . The default is ‘false’ since some FTP servers might not support renaming.

  Set ‘true’ to get hidden files (starting with a dot) on FTP server which doesn’t show hidden files by default. Default is ‘false’.

Silent The default mode outputs a helpful status message for each action taken, including file transfer progress meters. A ‘true’ setting suppresses output.

SrcDir Top of the source directory tree containing the local copy of the information to be mirrored. This setting corresponds to the "lcd" command on traditional FTP clients.


Here is an example of what a typical .weexrc file might look like:

#-=-=-=-=-=Sample Configuration file=-=-=-=-=-
# My favorite FTP account...
HostName =
LoginName = chrisxed
Password = ’"mYsEcReT!"’
SrcDir = /home/chrisxed/project/weex
DestDir = /
ASCIIfile = *.c
IgnoreLocalDir = /home/chrisxed/project/weex/weex.devel
IgnoreLocalDir = /home/chrisxed/project/weex/weex.old
IgnoreLocalFile = notes2myself.txt
IgnoreRemoteDir = /offsitearchive/

# Another FTP account...
HostName =
LoginNAME = waxedbean
Password = "X’sBean"
SrcDir = /home/chrisxed/project/legumes
DestDir = /souppot/

# Global configuration settings
AsciiFile = {
IgnoreLocalFile = {

With a configuration like this, executing:

$ weex Ninja

would cause the file system assigned to SrcDir to be completely mirrored on the remote server. Executing:

$ weex ninja veggie

would cause the FTP update to occur for the "Ninja" configuration and then for the "Veggie" configuration. This could also be specified like this:

$ weex 1 2


Timestamp Cache Facility

weex implements a cache of file timestamps from Ver 1.6.0. This makes updating much faster when you have a lot of files. In addition, weex also caches directory structure and file names from Ver 2.5.0. So never slow transfer even if you have many directories and files. If, however, you change the remote files with another FTP client or running weex is killed or weex is terminated by an error, the cache file will not be correct. The simple solution to this problem is to remove the cache file (located in ~/.weex/weex.cache.HOSTNAME ) completely or to run weex with option --rebuild-cache.

Tested Operating Systems

Debian GNU/Linux 2.1
Red Hat Linux 5.1/5.2/6.0/6.1J
SuSE Linux 6.1/6.2/6.3
Linux Mandrake 6.1
FreeBSD(98) 3.0-RELEASE
Solaris 2.5.1


This very handy program was written by:

The original man page was written by:

Chris X Edwards <>

The copyright of this software and documentation belongs to Yuuki NINOMIYA. It is released under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later version. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the GPL.

This software uses shhopt for parsing command line options. Shhopt is released under the Artistic License. You may use it separately under the Artistic License.

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YN-cxe WEEX (1) 2000.05.22

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