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Manual Reference Pages  -  NAL_BUFFER_NEW (2)


NAL_BUFFER_new, NAL_BUFFER_free, NAL_BUFFER_set_size, NAL_BUFFER_empty, NAL_BUFFER_full, NAL_BUFFER_notempty, NAL_BUFFER_notfull, NAL_BUFFER_used, NAL_BUFFER_unused, NAL_BUFFER_data, NAL_BUFFER_size, NAL_BUFFER_write, NAL_BUFFER_read, NAL_BUFFER_write_ptr, NAL_BUFFER_takedata, NAL_BUFFER_wrote - libnal buffer functions



 #include <libnal/nal.h>

 void NAL_BUFFER_free(NAL_BUFFER *buf);
 void NAL_BUFFER_reset(NAL_BUFFER *buf);
 int NAL_BUFFER_set_size(NAL_BUFFER *buf, unsigned int size);
 int NAL_BUFFER_empty(const NAL_BUFFER *buf);
 int NAL_BUFFER_full(const NAL_BUFFER *buf);
 int NAL_BUFFER_notempty(const NAL_BUFFER *buf);
 int NAL_BUFFER_notfull(const NAL_BUFFER *buf);
 unsigned int NAL_BUFFER_used(const NAL_BUFFER *buf);
 unsigned int NAL_BUFFER_unused(const NAL_BUFFER *buf);
 unsigned int NAL_BUFFER_size(const NAL_BUFFER *buf);
 const unsigned char *NAL_BUFFER_data(const NAL_BUFFER *buf);
 unsigned int NAL_BUFFER_write(NAL_BUFFER *buf, const unsigned char *ptr,
                               unsigned int size);
 unsigned int NAL_BUFFER_read(NAL_BUFFER *buf, unsigned char *ptr,
                              unsigned int size);
 unsigned char *NAL_BUFFER_write_ptr(NAL_BUFFER *buf);
 void NAL_BUFFER_wrote(NAL_BUFFER *buf, unsigned int size);


NAL_BUFFER_new() allocates and initialises a new NAL_BUFFER object.

NAL_BUFFER_free() destroys a NAL_BUFFER object.

NAL_BUFFER_reset() will, if necessary, cleanup any prior state in buf so that it can be reused. Internally, there are various optimisations and benefits to using NAL_BUFFER_reset() instead of NAL_BUFFER_free() and NAL_BUFFER_new() - the implementation can try to avoid repeated reallocation and reinitialisation of state.

NAL_BUFFER_set_size() sets the size of the buffer in buf to size bytes.

NAL_BUFFER_empty(), NAL_BUFFER_full(), NAL_BUFFER_notempty(), and NAL_BUFFER_notfull() are functions that return a boolean result according to the size of the buffer in buf and how much of that buffer is occupied by data.

NAL_BUFFER_used() indicates how much of buf’s storage is occupied by data and NAL_BUFFER_unused() indicates how much space is available for more data.

NAL_BUFFER_size() indicates the size of buf’s storage as specified by the last (successful) call to NAL_BUFFER_set_size(). This should always match the total of NAL_BUFFER_used() and NAL_BUFFER_unused().

NAL_BUFFER_data() provides a const pointer to buf’s internal storage for reading. This return value is valid until buf is either destroyed or resized via NAL_BUFFER_set_size().

NAL_BUFFER_write() writes into buf as much as possible of the data specified by ptr and size.

NAL_BUFFER_read() reads from buf as much data as possible into the storage area specified by ptr and size.

NAL_BUFFER_write_ptr() returns a pointer for direct write operations into the internal storage of buf. This pointer must be used with care, see NOTES.

NAL_BUFFER_wrote() allows an application to indicate how much data was directly written into buf following NAL_BUFFER_write_ptr(), see NOTES.


NAL_BUFFER_new() returns a valid NAL_BUFFER object on success, NULL otherwise.

NAL_BUFFER_free() and NAL_BUFFER_reset() have no return value.

NAL_BUFFER_empty(), NAL_BUFFER_full(), NAL_BUFFER_notempty(), and NAL_BUFFER_notfull() return boolean results (non-zero for true).

NAL_BUFFER_set_size() returns non-zero for success, zero for failure.

NAL_BUFFER_used(), NAL_BUFFER_unused(), and NAL_BUFFER_size() return the number of bytes of data stored, available, or allocated (respectively) in buf.

NAL_BUFFER_data() returns a pointer to the head of the data buffer in buf.

NAL_BUFFER_write() returns the number of bytes successfully written to buf. This may be less than size if there was less space than that available for writing. NAL_BUFFER_read() likewise returns the number of bytes read from buf which can be less than size if there was less data than that available for reading.

NAL_BUFFER_write_ptr() returns a pointer to the first unused byte of the data buffer in buf to allow writing.

NAL_BUFFER_wrote() has no return value.


The principal use of NAL_BUFFER objects is in manipulating the read and send buffers of a NAL_CONNECTION object, as returned from NAL_CONNECTION_get_read(2) and NAL_CONNECTION_get_send(2). This includes resizing these buffers directly (instead of NAL_CONNECTION_set_size(2) which sets both buffers jointly), reading data from the buffer, writing data to the buffer, or enquiring as to the state of the buffer (empty, full, bytes used, space available, current size, etc).

Use of the NAL_BUFFER_write_ptr() and NAL_BUFFER_wrote() functions is not generally recommended as they directly manipulate the internals of a NAL_BUFFER object. The return value of NAL_BUFFER_write_ptr() is only valid for writing so long as no other operations on buf occur before the subsequent call to NAL_BUFFER_wrote(), and this can create difficulties in state-machine logic or multi-threading situations (if accesses to a buffer are locked, but logic occuring between these two function calls is not locked). The NAL_BUFFER_unused() function should be used to determine the maximum range available to write to at the location returned by NAL_BUFFER_write_ptr().


NAL_ADDRESS_new(2) - Functions for the NAL_ADDRESS type.

NAL_CONNECTION_new(2) - Functions for the NAL_CONNECTION type.

NAL_LISTENER_new(2) - Functions for the NAL_LISTENER type.

NAL_SELECTOR_new(2) - Functions for the NAL_SELECTOR type.

distcache(8) - Overview of the distcache architecture. - Distcache home page.


This toolkit was designed and implemented by Geoff Thorpe for Cryptographic Appliances Incorporated. Since the project was released into open source, it has a home page and a project environment where development, mailing lists, and releases are organised. For problems with the software or this man page please check for new releases at the project web-site below, mail the users mailing list described there, or contact the author at

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1.4.5 NAL_BUFFER_NEW (2) 2004.03.23

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