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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  SHMCTL (2)

NAME

shmctl - shared memory control

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
Description
Return Values
Errors

LIBRARY


.Lb libc

SYNOPSIS


.In sys/types.h
.In sys/ipc.h
.In sys/shm.h int shmctl int shmid int cmd struct shmid_ds *buf

DESCRIPTION

Performs the action specified by cmd on the shared memory segment identified by shmid:
IPC_STAT Fetch the segment’s struct shmid_ds, storing it in the memory pointed to by buf.
IPC_SET Changes the shm_perm.uid, shm_perm.gid, and shm_perm.mode members of the segment’s struct shmid_ds to match those of the struct pointed to by buf. The calling process’s effective uid must match either shm_perm.uid or shm_perm.cuid, or it must have superuser privileges.
IPC_RMID Removes the segment from the system. The removal will not take effect until all processes having attached the segment have exited; however, once the IPC_RMID operation has taken place, no further processes will be allowed to attach the segment. For the operation to succeed, the calling process’s effective uid must match shm_perm.uid or shm_perm.cuid, or the process must have superuser privileges.

The
.Vt shmid_ds structure is defined as follows:

struct shmid_ds {
    struct ipc_perm shm_perm;   /* operation permission structure */
    size_t          shm_segsz;  /* size of segment in bytes */
    pid_t           shm_lpid;   /* process ID of last shared memory op */
    pid_t           shm_cpid;   /* process ID of creator */
    int             shm_nattch; /* number of current attaches */
    time_t          shm_atime;  /* time of last shmat() */
    time_t          shm_dtime;  /* time of last shmdt() */
    time_t          shm_ctime;  /* time of last change by shmctl() */
};

RETURN VALUES


.Rv -std shmctl

ERRORS

The shmctl system call will fail if:
[EINVAL]
  Invalid operation, or no shared memory segment was found corresponding to shmid.
[EPERM]
  The calling process’s effective uid does not match the uid of the shared memory segment’s owner or creator.
[EACCES]
  Permission denied due to mismatch between operation and mode of shared memory segment.

SEE ALSO

shmat(2), shmdt(2), shmget(2), ftok(3)
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