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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  CGI::SESSION::DRIVER::DBI (3)

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NAME

CGI::Session::Driver::DBI - Base class for native DBI-related CGI::Session drivers

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS



    require CGI::Session::Driver::DBI;
    @ISA = qw( CGI::Session::Driver::DBI );



DESCRIPTION

In most cases you can create a new DBI-driven CGI::Session driver by simply creating an empty driver file that inherits from CGI::Session::Driver::DBI. That’s exactly what sqlite does. The only reason why this class doesn’t suit for a valid driver is its name isn’t in lowercase. I’m serious!

    NOTES

CGI::Session::Driver::DBI defines init() method, which makes DBI handle available for drivers in Handle - object attribute regardless of what \%dsn_args were used in creating session object. Should your driver require non-standard initialization you have to re-define init() method in your .pm file, but make sure to set ’Handle’ - object attribute to database handle (returned by DBI->connect(...)) if you wish to inherit any of the methods from CGI::Session::Driver::DBI.

STORAGE

Before you can use any DBI-based session drivers you need to make sure compatible database table is created for CGI::Session to work with. Following command will produce minimal requirements in most SQL databases:



    CREATE TABLE sessions (
        id CHAR(32) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
        a_session TEXT NOT NULL
    );



Your session table can define additional columns, but the above two are required. Name of the session table is expected to be sessions by default. You may use a different name if you wish. To do this you have to pass TableName as part of your \%dsn_args :



    $s = CGI::Session->new(driver:sqlite, undef, {TableName=>my_sessions});
    $s = CGI::Session->new(driver:mysql, undef,
    {
        TableName=>my_sessions,
        DataSource=>dbi:mysql:shopping_cart.
    });



To use different column names, change the ’create table’ statement, and then simply do this:



    $s = CGI::Session->new(driver:pg, undef,
    {
        TableName=>session,
        IdColName=>my_id,
        DataColName=>my_data,
        DataSource=>dbi:pg:dbname=project,
    });



or



    $s = CGI::Session->new(driver:pg, undef,
    {
        TableName=>session,
        IdColName=>my_id,
        DataColName=>my_data,
        Handle=>$dbh,
    });



DRIVER ARGUMENTS

Following driver arguments are supported:
DataSource First argument to be passed to DBI->connect(). If the driver makes the database connection itself, it will also explicitly disconnect from the database when the driver object is DESTROYed.
User User privileged to connect to the database defined in DataSource.
Password Password of the User privileged to connect to the database defined in DataSource
Handle An existing DBI database handle object. The handle can be created on demand by providing a code reference as a argument, such as <sub{DBI-connect}>>. This way, the database connection is only created if it actually needed. This can be useful when combined with a framework plugin like CGI::Application::Plugin::Session, which creates a CGI::Session object on demand as well.

Handle will override all the above arguments, if any present.

TableName Name of the table session data will be stored in.

LICENSING

For support and licensing information see CGI::Session
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perl v5.20.3 CGI::SESSION::DRIVER::DBI (3) 2011-07-11

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