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Manual Reference Pages  -  HTML::MASON::EXCEPTIONS (3)

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HTML::Mason::Exceptions - Exception objects thrown by Mason



  use HTML::Mason::Exceptions ( abbr => [ qw(system_error) ] );

  open FH, foo or system_error "cannot open foo: $!";


This module creates the hierarchy of exception objects used by Mason, and provides some extra methods for them beyond those provided by Exception::Class


When this module is imported, it is possible to specify a list of abbreviated function names that you want to use to throw exceptions. In the SYNOPSIS example, we use the system_error function to throw a HTML::Mason::Exception::System exception.

These abbreviated functions do not allow you to set additional fields in the exception, only the message.


HTML::Mason::Exception This is the parent class for all exceptions thrown by Mason. Mason sometimes throws exceptions in this class when we could not find a better category for the message.

Abbreviated as error

HTML::Mason::Exception::Abort The $m->abort method was called.

Exceptions in this class contain the field aborted_value.

HTML::Mason::Exception::Decline The $m->decline method was called.

Exceptions in this class contain the field declined_value.

HTML::Mason::Exception::Compilation An exception occurred when attempting to eval an existing object file.

Exceptions in this class have the field filename, which indicates what file contained the code that caused the error.

Abbreviated as compilation_error.

HTML::Mason::Exception::Compiler The compiler threw an exception because it received incorrect input. For example, this would be thrown if the lexer told the compiler to initialize compilation while it was in the middle of compiling another component.

Abbreviated as compiler_error.

HTML::Mason::Exception::Compilation::IncompatibleCompiler A component was compiled by a compiler or lexer with incompatible options. This is used to tell Mason to recompile a component.

Abbreviated as wrong_compiler_error.

HTML::Mason::Exception::Params Invalid parameters were passed to a method or function.

Abbreviated as param_error.

HTML::Mason::Exception::Syntax This exception indicates that a component contained invalid syntax.

Exceptions in this class have the fields source_line, which is the actual source where the error was found, comp_name, and line_number.

Abbreviated as syntax_error.

HTML::Mason::Exception::System A system call of some sort, such as a file open, failed.

Abbreviated as system_error.

HTML::Mason::Exception::TopLevelNotFound The requested top level component could not be found.

Abbreviated as top_level_not_found_error.

HTML::Mason::VirtualMethod Some piece of code attempted to call a virtual method which was not overridden.

Abbreviated as virtual_error


Some of the exceptions mentioned above have additional fields, which are available via accessors. For example, to get the line number of an HTML::Mason::Exception::Syntax exception, you call the line_number method on the exception object.


All of the Mason exceptions implement the following methods:
as_brief This simply returns the exception message, without any trace information.
as_line This returns the exception message and its trace information, all on a single line with tabs between the message and each frame of the stack trace.
as_text This returns the exception message and stack information, with each frame on a separate line.
as_html This returns the exception message and stack as an HTML page.
Each of these methods corresponds to a valid error_format parameter for the Request object such as text or html.

You can create your own method in the HTML::Mason::Exception namespace, such as as_you_wish, in which case you could set this parameter to you_wish. This method will receive a single argument, the exception object, and is expected to return some sort of string containing the formatted error message.


This module also exports the isa_mason_exception function. This function takes the exception object and an optional string parameter indicating what subclass to check for.

So it can be called either as:

  if ( isa_mason_exception($@) ) { ... }


  if ( isa_mason_exception($@, Syntax) ) { ... }

Note that when specifying a subclass you should not include the leading HTML::Mason::Exception:: portion of the class name.

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perl v5.20.3 HTML::MASON::EXCEPTIONS (3) 2014-11-15

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