Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Contact Us
Online Help
Domain Status
Man Pages

Virtual Servers

Topology Map

Server Agreement
Year 2038

USA Flag



Man Pages

Manual Reference Pages  -  LATEXML::POST::MATHML (3)

.ds Aq ’


"LaTeXML::Post::MathML" - Post-Processing modules for converting math to MathML.



LaTeXML::Post::MathML is the abstract base class for the MathML Postprocessor; LaTeXML::Post::MathML::Presentation and LaTeXML::Post::MathML::Content convert XMath to either Presentation or Content MathML, or with that format as the principle branch for Parallel markup.


The conversion is carried out primarly by a tree walk of the XMath expression; appropriate handlers are selected and called depending on the operators and forms encountered. Handlers can be defined on applications of operators, or on tokens; when a token is applied, it’s application handler takes precedence over it’s token handler


Defines presentation and content handlers for $key. $key is of the form TYPE:ROLE:MEANING, where

  TYPE    : is one either C<Token> or C<Apply> (or C<Hint> ?)
  ROLE    : is a grammatical role (on XMath tokens)
  MEANING : is the meaning attribute (on XMath tokens)

Any of these can be ? to match any role or meaning; matches of both are preferred, then match of meaning or role, or neither.

The subroutine handlers for presentation and content are given by $presentation and $content, respectively. Either can be undef, in which case some other matching handler will be invoked.

For Token handlers, the arguments passed are the token node; for Apply handler, the arguments passed are the operator node and any arguments.

However, it looks like some TOKEN handlers are being defined to take $content,%attributes being the string content of the token, and the token’s attributes!

    Presentation Conversion Utilties

$mmlpost->pmml_top($node,$style); This is the top-level converter applied to an XMath node. It establishes a local context for font, style, size, etc. It generally does the bulk of the work for a PresentationMathML’s translateNode, although the latter wraps the actual m:math element around it. (style is display or text).
pmml($node), pmml_smaller($node), pmml_scriptsizsize($node) Converts the XMath $node to Presentation MathML. The latter two are used when the context calls for smaller (eg. fraction parts) or scriptsize (eg sub or superscript) size or style, so that the size encoded within $node will be properly accounted for.
pmml_mi($node,%attributes), pmml_mn($node,%attributes), pmml_mo($node,%attributes) These are Token handlers, to create m:mi, m:mn and m:mo elements, respectively. When called as a handler, they will be supplied only with an XMath node (typically an XMTok). For convenient reuse, these functions may also be called on a ’virtual’ token: with $node being a string (that would have been the text content of the XMTok), and the %attributes that would have been the token’s attributes.
pmml_infix($op,@args), pmml_script($op,@args), pmml_bigop($op,@args) These are Apply handlers, for handling general infix, sub or superscript, or bigop (eg. summations) constructs. They are called with the operator token, followed by the arguments; all are XMath elements.
pmml_row(@items) This wraps an m:mrow around the already converted @items if neeed; That is, if there is only a single item it is returned without the m:mrow.
pmml_unrow($pmml) This perverse utility takes something that has already been converted to Presentation MathML. If the argument is an m:mrow, it returns a list of the mathml elements within that row, otherwise it returns a list containing the single element $pmml.
pmml_parenthesize($item,$open,$close) This utility parenthesizes the (already converted MathML) $item with the string delimiters $open and $close. These are converted to an m:mrow with m:mo for the fences, unless the usemfenced switch is set, in which case m:mfenced is used.
pmml_punctuate($separators,@items) This utility creates an m:mrow by interjecting the punctuation between suceessive items in the list of already converted @items. If there are more than one character in $separators the first is used between the first pair, the next between the next pair; if the separators is exhausted, the last is repeated between remaining pairs. $separators defaults to (repeated) comma.

    Content Conversion Utilties

$mmlpost-cmml_top($node); > This is the top-level converter applied to an XMath node. It establishes a local context for font, style, size, etc (were it needed). It generally does the bulk of the work for a ContentMathML’s translateNode, although the latter wraps the actual m:math element around it.
cmml($node) Converts the XMath $node to Content MathML.
cmml_ci($token) Converts the XMath token to an m:ci. (This may evolve to generate a m:csymbol, under appropriate circumstances)
cmml_decoratedSymbol($item) Similar to cmml_ci, but used when an operator is itself, apparently, an application. This converts $item to Presentation MathML to use for the content of the m:ci.
cmml_not($arg) Construct the not of the argument $arg.
cmml_synth_not($op,@args) Synthesize an operator by applying m:not to another operator ($op) applied to its @args (XMath elements that will be converted to Content MathML). This is useful to define a handler for, eg., c<not-approximately-equals> in terms of c<m:approx>.
cmml_synth_complement($op,@args) Synthesize an operator by applying a complementary operator ($op) to the reverse of its @args (XMath elements that will be converted to Content MathML). This is useful to define a handler for, eg. superset-of-or-equals using m:subset.
cmml_or_compose($operators,@args) Synthesize an operator that stands for the or of several other operators (eg. c<less-than-or-similar-to-or-approximately-equals>) by composing it of the m:or of applying each of m:less and m:approx to the arguments. The first operator is applied to the converted arguments, while the rest are applied to m:share elements referring to the previous ones.
cmml_share($node) Converts the XMath $node to Content MathML, after assuring that it has an id, so that it can be shared.
cmml_shared($node) Generates a m:share element referting to $node, which should have an id (such as after calling cmml_share).

Math Processors, Generally.

We should probably formalize the idea of a Math Processor as an abstract class, but let this description provide a starting overview. A MathProcessor follows the API of LaTeXML::Post processors, by handling process, which invokes processNode on all Math nodes; That latter inserts the result of either translateNode or translateParallel, applied to the XMath representation, into the Math node.

Parallel translation is done whenever additional MathProcessors have been specified, via the setParallel method; these are simply other MathProcessors following the same API.

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 3 |  Main Index

perl v5.20.3 LATEXML::POST::MATHML (3) 2015-02-11

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.