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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  MPI_WIN_ALLOCATE (3)

NAME

MPI_Win_allocate - One-sided MPI call that allocates memory and returns a window object for RMA operations.

CONTENTS

Syntax
C Syntax
Fortran Syntax
Input Parameters
Output Parameters
Description
Notes
Errors
See Also

SYNTAX

C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>
int MPI_Win_allocate (MPI_Aint size, int disp_unit, MPI_Info info,
                      MPI_Comm comm, void *baseptr, MPI_Win *win)

Fortran Syntax

INCLUDE ’mpif.h’
MPI_WIN_ALLOCATE(IZE, DISP_UNIT, INFO, COMM, BASEPTR, WIN, IERROR)
        INTEGER(KIND=MPI_ADDRESS_KIND) SIZE, BASEPTR
        INTEGER DISP_UNIT, INFO, COMM, WIN, IERROR

INPUT PARAMETERS

size Size of window in bytes (nonnegative integer).
disp_unit Local unit size for displacements, in bytes (positive integer).
info Info argument (handle).
comm Communicator (handle).

OUTPUT PARAMETERS

baseptr Initial address of window.
win Window object returned by the call (handle).
IERROR Fortran only: Error status (integer).

DESCRIPTION

MPI_Win_allocate is a collective call executed by all processes in the group of comm. On each process, it allocates memory of at least size bytes, returns a pointer to it, and returns a window object that can be used by all processes in comm to perform RMA operations. The returned memory consists of size bytes local to each process, starting at address baseptr and is associated with the window as if the user called MPI_Win_create on existing memory. The size argument may be different at each process and size = 0 is valid; however, a library might allocate and expose more memory in order to create a fast, globally symmetric allocation. The discussion of and rationales for MPI_Alloc_mem and MPI_Free_mem in MPI-3.1 [char167] 8.2 also apply to MPI_Win_allocate; in particular, see the rationale in MPI-3.1 [char167] 8.2 for an explanation of the type used for baseptr.

The displacement unit argument is provided to facilitate address arithmetic in RMA operations: the target displacement argument of an RMA operation is scaled by the factor disp_unit specified by the target process, at window creation.

For supported info keys see MPI_Win_create.

NOTES

Common choices for disp_unit are 1 (no scaling), and (in C syntax) sizeof(type), for a window that consists of an array of elements of type type. The later choice will allow one to use array indices in RMA calls, and have those scaled correctly to byte displacements, even in a heterogeneous environment.

ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

SEE ALSO

MPI_Alloc_mem MPI_Free_mem MPI_Win_create MPI_Win_allocate_shared

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1.10.2 MPI_WIN_ALLOCATE (3) Jan 21, 2016

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