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Manual Reference Pages  -  MOOSE::META::ATTRIBUTE::NATIVE::TRAIT::HASH (3)

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NAME

Moose::Meta::Attribute::Native::Trait::Hash - Helper trait for HashRef attributes

CONTENTS

VERSION

version 2.1605

SYNOPSIS



  package Stuff;
  use Moose;

  has options => (
      traits    => [Hash],
      is        => ro,
      isa       => HashRef[Str],
      default   => sub { {} },
      handles   => {
          set_option     => set,
          get_option     => get,
          has_no_options => is_empty,
          num_options    => count,
          delete_option  => delete,
          option_pairs   => kv,
      },
  );



DESCRIPTION

This trait provides native delegation methods for hash references.

PROVIDED METHODS

get($key, CW$key2, CW$key3...)

Returns values from the hash.

In list context it returns a list of values in the hash for the given keys. In scalar context it returns the value for the last key specified.

This method requires at least one argument.

set($key => CW$value, CW$key2 => CW$value2...)

Sets the elements in the hash to the given values. It returns the new values set for each key, in the same order as the keys passed to the method.

This method requires at least two arguments, and expects an even number of arguments.

delete($key, CW$key2, CW$key3...)

Removes the elements with the given keys.

In list context it returns a list of values in the hash for the deleted keys. In scalar context it returns the value for the last key specified.

    keys

Returns the list of keys in the hash.

This method does not accept any arguments.

    exists($key)

Returns true if the given key is present in the hash.

This method requires a single argument.

    defined($key)

Returns true if the value of a given key is defined.

This method requires a single argument.

    values

Returns the list of values in the hash.

This method does not accept any arguments.

    kv

Returns the key/value pairs in the hash as an array of array references.



  for my $pair ( $object->option_pairs ) {
      print "$pair->[0] = $pair->[1]\n";
  }



This method does not accept any arguments.

    elements

Returns the key/value pairs in the hash as a flattened list..

This method does not accept any arguments.

    clear

Resets the hash to an empty value, like %hash = ().

This method does not accept any arguments.

    count

Returns the number of elements in the hash. Also useful to check for a nonempty hash, because count returns a true (nonzero) value if there is something in the hash: has_options => count.

This method does not accept any arguments.

    is_empty

If the hash is populated, returns false. Otherwise, returns true.

This method does not accept any arguments.

    accessor($key)

accessor($key, CW$value)

If passed one argument, returns the value of the specified key. If passed two arguments, sets the value of the specified key.

When called as a setter, this method returns the value that was set.

    shallow_clone

This method returns a shallow clone of the hash reference. The return value is a reference to a new hash with the same keys and values. It is shallow because any values that were references in the original will be the same references in the clone.

Why no CWeach?

We have deliberately omitted a method for each, due to its stateful interaction with the hash iterator. Using keys or kv is much safer.

    Moose::Meta::Attribute->meta

This will return a Class::MOP::Class instance for this class.

It should also be noted that Class::MOP will actually bootstrap this module by installing a number of attribute meta-objects into its metaclass.

BUGS

See BUGS in Moose for details on reporting bugs.

AUTHORS

o Stevan Little <stevan.little@iinteractive.com>
o Dave Rolsky <autarch@urth.org>
o Jesse Luehrs <doy@tozt.net>
o Shawn M Moore <code@sartak.org>
o XXXX XXXXX (Yuval Kogman) <nothingmuch@woobling.org>
o Karen Etheridge <ether@cpan.org>
o Florian Ragwitz <rafl@debian.org>
o Hans Dieter Pearcey <hdp@weftsoar.net>
o Chris Prather <chris@prather.org>
o Matt S Trout <mst@shadowcat.co.uk>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2006 by Infinity Interactive, Inc.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

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perl v5.20.3 MOOSE::META::ATTRIBUTE::NATIVE::TRAIT::HASH (3) 2016-02-16

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