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Manual Reference Pages  -  NET::DNS::TOOLKIT::RR::AFSDB (3)

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Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR::AFSDB - Resource Record Handler



  DO NOT use Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR::AFSDB
  DO NOT require Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR::AFSDB

  Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR::AFSDB is autoloaded by
  class Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR and its methods
  are instantiated in a special manner.

  use Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR;
  ($get,$put,$parse) = new Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR;

        $subtype,$hostname) = $get->AFSDB(\$buffer,$offset);

  Note: the $get->AFSDB method is normally called
  via:  @stuff = $get->next(\$buffer,$offset);


    = $parse->AFSDB($name,$type,$class,$ttl,$rdlength,


<B>Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR:AFSDBB> appends an AFSDB resource record to a DNS packet under construction, recovers an AFSDB resource record from a packet being decoded, and converts the numeric/binary portions of the resource record to human readable form.

  Description from RFC1035.txt

  3.2.1. Format

  All RRs have the same top level format shown below:

                                    1  1  1  1  1  1
      0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  0  1  2  3  4  5
    |                      NAME                     |
    |                      TYPE                     |
    |                     CLASS                     |
    |                      TTL                      |
    |                   RDLENGTH                    |
    |                     RDATA                     |

  NAME  an owner name, i.e., the name of the node to which this
        resource record pertains.

  TYPE  two octets containing one of the RR TYPE codes.

  CLASS two octets containing one of the RR CLASS codes.

  TTL   a 32 bit signed integer that specifies the time interval
        that the resource record may be cached before the source
        of the information should again be consulted.  Zero
        values are interpreted to mean that the RR can only be
        used for the transaction in progress, and should not be
        cached.  For example, SOA records are always distributed
        with a zero TTL to prohibit caching.  Zero values can
        also be used for extremely volatile data.

  RDLENGTH an unsigned 16 bit integer that specifies the length
        in octets of the RDATA field.

  RDATA a variable length string of octets that describes the
        resource.  The format of this information varies
        according to the TYPE and CLASS of the resource record.

  Description from RFC1183.txt

    1. AFSDB RDATA format

    |                    SUBTYPE                    |
    /                   HOSTNAME                    /
    /                                               /


   AFSDB has the following format:

   <owner> <ttl> <class> AFSDB <subtype> <hostname>

Both RDATA fields are required in all AFSDB RRs. The <subtype> field is a 16 bit integer. The <hostname> field is a domain name of a host that has a server for the cell named by the owner name of the RR.

The format of the AFSDB RR is class insensitive. AFSDB records cause type A additional section processing for <hostname>. This, in fact, is the rationale for using a new type code, rather than trying to build the same functionality with TXT RRs.

Note that the format of AFSDB in a master file is identical to MX. For purposes of the DNS itself, the subtype is merely an integer. The present subtype semantics are discussed below, but changes are possible and will be announced in subsequent RFCs.
o @stuff = $get->AFSDB(\$buffer,$offset);

  Get the contents of the resource record.

  USE: @stuff = $get->next(\$buffer,$offset);

  where: @stuff = (
  $newoff $name,$type,$class,$ttl,$rdlength,
  $subtype,$hostname );

All except the last two items, <B>B>$subtype<B>, B>$hostname<B>B>, are provided by the class loader, <B>Net::DNS::ToolKit::RRB>. The code in this method knows how to retrieve <B>B>$subtype<B>, B>$hostname<B>B>.

  input:        pointer to buffer,
                offset into buffer
  returns:      offset to next resource,
                @common RR elements,
                host domain name

o ($newoff,@dnptrs)=$put->AFSDB(\$buffer,$offset,\@dnptrs,

Append an AFSDB record to $buffer.

  where @common = (

The method will insert the $rdlength, $subtype and $hostname, then return the updated pointer to the array of compressed names

The class loader, <B>Net::DNS::ToolKit::RRB>, inserts the @common elements and returns updated @dnptrs. This module knows how to insert its RDATA and calculate the $rdlength.

  input:        pointer to buffer,
                offset (normally end of buffer),
                pointer to compressed name array,
                @common RR elements,
                host domain name
  output:       offset to next RR,
                new compressed name pointer array,
           or   empty list () on error.

o (@COMMON,$subtype,$AFSDBDNAME) = $parse->AFSDB(@common,$subtype,$hostname);

Converts binary/numeric field data into human readable form. The common RR elements are supplied by the class loader, <B>Net::DNS::ToolKit::RRB>. For AFSDB RR’s, this returns $hostname terminated with ’.’

  input:        subtype,
                AFSDB Domain Name
  returns:      subtype
                AFSDB Domain Name.






Michael Robinton <>


    Copyright 2003 - 2011, Michael Robinton <>

Michael Robinton <>

All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either:

  a) the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
  Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any
  later version, or

  b) the "Artistic License" which comes with this distribution.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See either the GNU General Public License or the Artistic License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the Artistic License with this distribution, in the file named Artistic. If not, I’ll be glad to provide one.

You should also have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program in the file named Copying. If not, write to the

        Free Software Foundation, Inc.                       
        59 Temple Place, Suite 330
        Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA

or visit their web page on the internet at:

See also:

Net::DNS::Codes(3), Net::DNS::ToolKit(3)
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perl v5.20.3 NET::DNS::TOOLKIT::RR::AFSDB (3) 2011-11-05

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