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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  NETPACKET::UDP (3)

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NAME

NetPacket::UDP - Assemble and disassemble UDP (User Datagram Protocol) packets.

CONTENTS

VERSION

version 1.4.1

SYNOPSIS



  use NetPacket::UDP;

  $udp_obj = NetPacket::UDP->decode($raw_pkt);
  $udp_pkt = $udp_obj->encode($l3_obj);
  $udp_data = NetPacket::UDP::strip($raw_pkt);



DESCRIPTION

NetPacket::UDP provides a set of routines for assembling and disassembling packets using UDP (User Datagram Protocol).

    Methods

NetPacket::UDP->decode([RAW PACKET]) Decode the raw packet data given and return an object containing instance data. This method will quite happily decode garbage input. It is the responsibility of the programmer to ensure valid packet data is passed to this method.
$udp_packet-<gtencode($l3_obj)> Return the encoded version of the UDP packet object. Needs part of the IP header contained (src_ip and dest_ip specifically) in $l3_obj, in order to calculate the UDP checksum. The length field will also be set automatically based on values provided.

    Functions

NetPacket::UDP::strip([RAW PACKET]) Return the encapsulated data (or payload) contained in the UDP packet. This data is suitable to be used as input for other NetPacket::* modules.

This function is equivalent to creating an object using the decode() constructor and returning the data field of that object.

    Instance data

The instance data for the NetPacket::UDP object consists of the following fields.
src_port The source UDP port for the datagram.
dest_port The destination UDP port for the datagram.
len The length (including length of header) in bytes for this packet.
cksum The checksum value for this packet.
data The encapsulated data (payload) for this packet.

    IP data

The IP data for the $l3_obj object consists of the following fields. Additional items may be supplied as well as passing the whole object returned by NetPacket::IP->decode but are unnecessary.
src_ip The source IP for the datagram
dest_ip The destination IP for the datagram

    Exports

default none
exportable udp_strip
tags The following tags group together related exportable items.
:strip Import the strip function udp_strip.
:ALL All the above exportable items.

EXAMPLE

The following example prints the source IP address and port, the destination IP address and port, and the UDP packet length:



  #!/usr/bin/perl -w

  use strict;
  use Net::PcapUtils;
  use NetPacket::Ethernet qw(:strip);
  use NetPacket::IP;
  use NetPacket::UDP;

  sub process_pkt {
      my($arg, $hdr, $pkt) = @_;

      my $ip_obj = NetPacket::IP->decode(eth_strip($pkt));
      my $udp_obj = NetPacket::UDP->decode($ip_obj->{data});

      print("$ip_obj->{src_ip}:$udp_obj->{src_port} -> ",
            "$ip_obj->{dest_ip}:$udp_obj->{dest_port} ",
            "$udp_obj->{len}\n");
  }

  Net::PcapUtils::loop(\&process_pkt, FILTER => udp);



The following is an example use in combination with Net::Divert to alter the payload of packets that pass through. All occurences of foo will be replaced with bar. This example is easy to test with netcat, but otherwise makes little sense. :) Adapt to your needs:



    use Net::Divert;
    use NetPacket::IP qw(IP_PROTO_UDP);
    use NetPacket::UDP;

    $divobj = Net::Divert->new(yourhost,9999);

    $divobj->getPackets(\&alterPacket);

    sub alterPacket
    {
        my ($data, $fwtag) = @_;

        $ip_obj = NetPacket::IP->decode($data);

        if($ip_obj->{proto} == IP_PROTO_UDP) {

            # decode the UDP header
            $udp_obj = NetPacket::UDP->decode($ip_obj->{data});

            # replace foo in the payload with bar
            $udp_obj->{data} =~ s/foo/bar/g;

            # reencode the packet
            $ip_obj->{data} = $udp_obj->encode($udp_obj, $ip_obj);
            $data = $ip_obj->encode;

        }

        $divobj->putPacket($data,$fwtag);
    }



COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2001 Tim Potter.

Copyright (c) 1995,1996,1997,1998,1999 ANU and CSIRO on behalf of the participants in the CRC for Advanced Computational Systems (’ACSys’).

This module is free software. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Artistic License 2.0.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but without any warranty; without even the implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

AUTHOR

Tim Potter <tpot@samba.org>

Stephanie Wehner <atrak@itsx.com>

Yanick Champoux <yanick@cpan.org>

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