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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  POD::SPELL (3)

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NAME

Pod::Spell - a formatter for spellchecking Pod

CONTENTS

VERSION

version 1.19

SYNOPSIS



        use Pod::Spell;
        Pod::Spell->new->parse_from_file( File.pm );

        Pod::Spell->new->parse_from_filehandle( $infile, $outfile );



Also look at podspell



        % perl -MPod::Spell -e "Pod::Spell->new->parse_from_file(shift)" Thing.pm |spell |fmt



...or instead of piping to spell or ispell, use >temp.txt, and open temp.txt in your word processor for spell-checking.

DESCRIPTION

Pod::Spell is a Pod formatter whose output is good for spellchecking. Pod::Spell rather like Pod::Text, except that it doesn’t put much effort into actual formatting, and it suppresses things that look like Perl symbols or Perl jargon (so that your spellchecking program won’t complain about mystery words like "$thing or Foo::Bar or hashref").

This class provides no new public methods. All methods of interest are inherited from Pod::Parser (which see). The especially interesting ones are parse_from_filehandle (which without arguments takes from STDIN and sends to STDOUT) and parse_from_file. But you can probably just make do with the examples in the synopsis though.

This class works by filtering out words that look like Perl or any form of computerese (like "$thing or N>7 or @{$foo}{bar,baz}", anything in C<...> or F<...> codes, anything in verbatim paragraphs (code blocks), and anything in the stopword list. The default stopword list for a document starts out from the stopword list defined by Pod::Wordlist, and can be supplemented (on a per-document basis) by having "=for stopwords" / "=for :stopwords" region(s) in a document.

METHODS

    new

    command

    interior_sequence

    textblock

    verbatim

    stopwords



        $self->stopwords->isa(Pod::WordList); # true



ENCODINGS

Pod::Parser, which Pod::Spell extends, is extremely naive about character encodings. The parse_from_file method does not apply any PerlIO encoding layer. If your Pod file is encoded in UTF-8, your data will be read incorrectly.

You should instead use parse_from_filehandle and manage the input and output layers yourself.



        binmode($_, ":utf8") for ($infile, $outfile);
        $my ps = Pod::Spell->new;
        $ps->parse_from_filehandle( $infile, $outfile );



If your output destination cannot handle UTF-8, you should set your output handle to Latin-1 and tell Pod::Spell to strip out words with wide characters.



        binmode($infile, ":utf8");
        binmode($outfile, ":encoding(latin1)");
        $my ps = Pod::Spell->new( no_wide_chars => 1 );
        $ps->parse_from_filehandle( $infile, $outfile );



ADDING STOPWORDS

You can add stopwords on a per-document basis with "=for stopwords" / "=for :stopwords" regions, like so:



  =for stopwords  plok Pringe zorch   snik !qux
  foo bar baz quux quuux



This adds every word in that paragraph after stopwords to the stopword list, effective for the rest of the document. In such a list, words are whitespace-separated. (The amount of whitespace doesn’t matter, as long as there’s no blank lines in the middle of the paragraph.) Plural forms are added automatically using Lingua::EN::Inflect. Words beginning with ! are deleted from the stopword list — so !qux deletes qux from the stopword list, if it was in there in the first place. Note that if a stopword is all-lowercase, then it means that it’s okay in any case; but if the word has any capital letters, then it means that it’s okay only with that case. So a Wordlist entry of perl would permit perl, Perl, and (less interestingly) PERL, pERL, PerL, et cetera. However, a Wordlist entry of Perl catches only Perl, not perl. So if you wanted to make sure you said only Perl, never perl, you could add this to the top of your document:



  =for stopwords !perl Perl



Then all instances of the word Perl would be weeded out of the Pod::Spell-formatted version of your document, but any instances of the word perl would be left in (unless they were in a C<...> or F<...> style).

You can have several =for stopwords regions in your document. You can even express them like so:



  =begin stopwords

  plok Pringe zorch

  snik !qux

  foo bar
  baz quux quuux

  =end stopwords



If you want to use E<...> sequences in a stopwords region, you have to use :stopwords, as here:



  =for :stopwords
  virtE<ugrave>



...meaning that you’re adding a stopword of virtu\k:`. If you left the : out, that would mean you were adding a stopword of virtE<ugrave> (with a literal E, a literal <, etc), which will have no effect, since any occurrences of virtE<ugrave> don’t look like a normal human-language word anyway, and so would be screened out before the stopword list is consulted anyway.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

finding stopwords defined with CW=for

Pod::Spell makes a single pass over the POD. Stopwords must be added <B>beforeB> they show up in the POD.

    finding the wordlist

Pod::Spell uses File::ShareDir::ProjectDistDir if you’re getting errors about the wordlist being missing, chances are it’s a problem with its heuristics. Set PATH_ISDEV_DEBUG=1 or PATH_FINDDEV_DEBUG=1, or both in your environment for debugging, and then file a bug with File::ShareDir::ProjectDistDir if necessary.

HINT

If you feed output of Pod::Spell into your word processor and run a spell-check, make sure you’re not also running a grammar-check — because Pod::Spell drops words that it thinks are Perl symbols, jargon, or stopwords, this means you’ll have ungrammatical sentences, what with words being missing and all. And you don’t need a grammar checker to tell you that.

SEE ALSO

Pod::Wordlist

Pod::Parser

podchecker also known as Pod::Checker

perlpod, perlpodspec

CONTRIBUTORS

o David Golden <dagolden@cpan.org>
o Kent Fredric <kentfredric@gmail.com>
o Mohammad S Anwar <mohammad.anwar@yahoo.com>
o Olivier Mengue\k:'<dolmen@cpan.org>

AUTHORS

o Sean M. Burke <sburke@cpan.org>
o Caleb Cushing <xenoterracide@gmail.com>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is Copyright (c) 2016 by Olivier Mengue\k:'\h |\n:u.

This is free software, licensed under:



  The Artistic License 2.0 (GPL Compatible)



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