SSL_check_chain() returns a bitmap of flags indicating the validity of the
CERT_PKEY_VALID: the chain can be used with the current session.
If this flag is not set then the certificate will never be used even
if the application tries to set it because it is inconsistent with the
CERT_PKEY_SIGN: the EE key can be used for signing.
CERT_PKEY_EE_SIGNATURE: the signature algorithm of the EE certificate is
CERT_PKEY_CA_SIGNATURE: the signature algorithms of all CA certificates
CERT_PKEY_EE_PARAM: the parameters of the end entity certificate are
acceptable (e.g. it is a supported curve).
CERT_PKEY_CA_PARAM: the parameters of all CA certificates are acceptable.
CERT_PKEY_EXPLICIT_SIGN: the end entity certificate algorithm
can be used explicitly for signing (i.e. it is mentioned in the signature
CERT_PKEY_ISSUER_NAME: the issuer name is acceptable. This is only
meaningful for client authentication.
CERT_PKEY_CERT_TYPE: the certificate type is acceptable. Only meaningful
for client authentication.
CERT_PKEY_SUITEB: chain is suitable for Suite B use.
SSL_check_chain() must be called in servers after a client hello message or in
clients after a certificate request message. It will typically be called
in the certificate callback.
An application wishing to support multiple certificate chains may call this
function on each chain in turn: starting with the one it considers the
most secure. It could then use the chain of the first set which returns
As a minimum the flag CERT_PKEY_VALID must be set for a chain to be
usable. An application supporting multiple chains with different CA signature
algorithms may also wish to check CERT_PKEY_CA_SIGNATURE too. If no
chain is suitable a server should fall back to the most secure chain which
The validity of a chain is determined by checking if it matches a supported
signature algorithm, supported curves and in the case of client authentication
certificate types and issuer names.
Since the supported signature algorithms extension is only used in TLS 1.2
and DTLS 1.2 the results for earlier versions of TLS and DTLS may not be
very useful. Applications may wish to specify a different legacy chain
for earlier versions of TLS or DTLS.