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Man Pages

Manual Reference Pages  -  SUBTITLES (3)

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Subtitles - handle video subtitles in various text formats



Video files (avi mpeg etc) are sometimes accompanied with subtitles, which are currently very popular as text files. Subtitles provides means for simple loading, re-timing, and storing these subtitle files. A command-line tool subs for the same purpose and using Subtitles interface is included in the distribution.

The module supports srt, sub, smi, and mdvd subtitle formats.

Time values are floats, in seconds with millisecond precision.


        use Subtitles;
        my $sub = Subtitles->new();

        open F, Ichi The Killer.sub or die "Cannot read:$!";
        die "Cannot load:$@\n" unless $sub-> load(\*F);
        close F;

        # back two minutes
        $sub-> shift( $sub-> parse_time(-02:00));

        # re-frame from 25 fps
        $sub-> scale( 23.976 / 25 );

        # or both
        $sub-> transform( -120, 0.96);
        $sub-> transform( -120, 0.96, 0, $sub-> length - 60);

        # split in 2
        my ( $part1, $part2) = $sub-> split( $self-> length / 2);

        # join back with 5-second gap
        $part1-> join( $part2, 5);

        # save
        open F, "> out.sub" or die "Cannot write:$!\n";
        $part1-> save( \*F);
        close F;

        # report
        print "sub is ", time2str( $sub-> length);


    Package methods

codecs Returns array of installed codecs.
hms2time HOURS, MINUTES, SECONDS, MILLISECONDS Combines four parameters into float time in seconds.
time2hms TIME Splits time into four integers, - hours, minutes, seconds, and milliseconds. If time is less than zero, zero times are returned.
time2shms Splits time into five integers, - time sign, hours, minutes, seconds, and milliseconds.
time2str TIME Converts time to a human-readable string.

    Object methods

clear Removes all content
codec [ STRING ] If STRING is not defined, returns currently associated codec. Otherwise, sets the new codec in association. The STRING is the codec’s package name, such as Subtitles::Codec::srt.
dup [ CLEAR ] Duplicates object instance in deep-copy fashion. If CLEAR flag is set, timeframes are not copied.
join GUEST, GAP Adds content of object GUEST at the end of the list of subtitles with GAP in seconds.
length Returns length of subtitle span.
load FH [ CODEC ] Reads subtitle content into object. If successful, returns 1; otherwise undef is returned and $@ contains the error.

By default, tries to deduce which codec to use; to point the selection explicitly CODEC string is to be used.

lines Returns number of subtitle cues.
new Creates a new instance. To force a particular codec, supply codec string here.
parse_time STRING Parses STRING which is either a [[HH:]MM:]SS[,MSEC] string or string in a format specific to a codec, for example, number of a frame.
rate FPS Forces a particluar frame-per-second rate, if a codec can make use of it.
save FH Writes content of instance into FH file handle, using the associated codec.
scale A Changes time-scale. If A is 2, the subtitles go off 2 times slower, if 0.5 - two times faster, etc.
shift B Shifts timings by B seconds. B can be negative.
split TIME Splits the content of the instance between two newly created instances of the same class, by TIME, and returns these. The both resulting subtitles begin at time 0.
transform A, B [FROM, TO] Applies linear transformation to the time-scale, such as u = At + B where t is the original time and u is the result. If FROM and TO brackets are set, the changes are applied only to the lines in the timeframe between these.


This is alpha code, more a proof-of-concept rather that anything else, so most surely bugs are lurking.

Anyway: not all subtitle types are recognized. The modules doesn’t handle multi-language subtitles.


subs - command-line wrapper for this module


<>, <>.


Dmitry Karasik, <>.
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perl v5.20.3 SUBTITLES (3) 2012-02-14

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