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Manual Reference Pages  -  SYS::GAMIN (3)

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Sys::Gamin - Perl interface to Gamin (File Access Monitor implementation)



  use Sys::Gamin;
  my $fm=new Sys::Gamin;
  while (1) {
    my $event=$fm->next_event;  # Blocks
    print "Pathname: ", $event->filename,
      " Event: ", $event->type, "\n";

Asynchronous mode:

  while ($fm->pending) {
    my $event=$fm->next_event; # Immediate
  # Do something else


Provides a somewhat higher-level and friendlier interface to the Gamin File Access Monitor API. This allows one to monitor both local and remote (NFS-mounted) files and directories for common filesystem events. To do so, you must register monitors on specified pathnames and wait for events to arrive pertaining to them.

Since FAM only deals with absolute pathnames, all paths are canonicalized internally and monitors are held on canonical paths. Whenever a path is returned from this module, howvever, via <B>whichB> or <B>monitoredB> with no arguments, the originally specified path is given for convenience.


new [ appname ]

Create a new FAM connection. An application name may be given.


True if there is an event waiting. Returns immediately.


Returns next event in queue, as an event object. Blocks if necessary until one is available.

monitor path [ unique [ type [ depth mask ] ] ]

Monitor the specified file or directory. Expect a slew of events immediately (<B>existB> and <B>end_existB>) which may not interest you.

unique, if specified and true, will produce a warning if the monitored path is not unique among those already being monitored. This can be helpful for debugging, but normally this is harmless.

type may be <B>fileB>, <B>dirB> or <B>collB>; it defaults to <B>fileB> or <B>dirB> according to an existing filesystem entry. If you specify <B>collB> (collection), pass additional depth and mask arguments, if you ever figure out what that does (SGI does not say).

cancel path

Stop monitoring this path.

monitored [ path ]

List all currently monitored paths, or check if a specific one is being monitored. Does not check if a monitor is suspended.

suspended path

True if the specified monitor is suspended.

suspend [ path ]

Suspend monitoring of a path, or all paths if unspecified.

resume [ path ]

Resume monitoring of a path, or all paths if unspecified.

which event

Gives the pathname for the monitor generating this event. Often this will be the same as $event->filename, but will differ in some cases, e.g. in <B>createB> events where <B>filenameB> will yield the basename of the new file while the <B>whichB> method must be invoked to determine the directory of creation, if more than one is being monitored.



Host of event. Does not seem to work, actually.


Path of event, according to FAM.


Type of event; one of the following strings: <B>changeB>, <B>deleteB>, <B>start_execB>, <B>stop_execB>, <B>createB>, <B>moveB>, <B>ackB>, <B>existB>, <B>end_existB>.


Most of these can be observed with monitor.
Hostnames Do not seem to be supplied at all.
Timing Is somewhat erratic. For example, creating a file that had been monitored and deleted will signal a <B>createB> event on it, after about a second pause.
Execute Events Are not sent, as far as the author can determine.


For the raw SGI interface (rather poorly documented), see fam(3x).


J. Glick Original SGI::FAM code, in which this module is based.

Carlos Garnacho


lib/SGI/ last modified Thu, 04 Mar 2005 22:05:42 -0100 release 0.1. Original SGI::FAM module: Copyright (c) 1997 Strategic Interactive Group. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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perl v5.20.3 SYS::GAMIN (3) 2005-11-11

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