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Manual Reference Pages  -  TEST::NET::LDAP::MOCK (3)

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Test::Net::LDAP::Mock - A mock LDAP client with simulated search in memory



All the LDAP operations are performed in memory, instead of connecting to the real LDAP server.

    use Test::Net::LDAP::Mock;
    my $ldap = Test::Net::LDAP::Mock->new();

Test::Net::LDAP::Mock is a subclass of Test::Net::LDAP, which is a subclass of Net::LDAP.

In the actual test code, ldap_mockify in Test::Net::LDAP::Util should be used to mock all the Net::LDAP instances in your application code.

    use Test::More tests => 1;
    use Test::Net::LDAP::Util qw(ldap_mockify);
    ldap_mockify {
        # Anywhere in this block, all the occurrences of Net::LDAP::new are
        # replaced by Test::Net::LDAP::Mock::new
        ok my_application_routine();

Note: if no LDAP entries have been added to the in-memory directory, the search method will silently succeed with no entries found.

Below is an example to set up some fake data for particular test cases.

    use Test::More tests => 1;
    use Test::Net::LDAP::Util qw(ldap_mockify);
    ldap_mockify {
        my $ldap = Net::LDAP->new(;
        $ldap->add(uid=user1, ou=users, dc=example, dc=com);
        $ldap->add(uid=user2, ou=users, dc=example, dc=com);
        $ldap->add(cn=group1, ou=groups, dc=example, dc=com, attrs => [
            member => [
                uid=user1, ou=users, dc=example, dc=com,
                uid=user2, ou=users, dc=example, dc=com,
        ok my_application_routine();

Test::Net::LDAP::Mock maintains a shared LDAP directory tree for the same host/port, while it separates the directory trees for different host/port combinations. Thus, it is important to specify a correct server location consistently.



Test::Net::LDAP::Mock provides all the operations of Net::LDAP, while they are performed in memory with fake data that are set up just for testing.

It is most useful for developers who write testing for an application that uses LDAP search, while they do not have full control over the organizational LDAP server. In many cases, developers do not have write access to the LDAP data, and the organizational information changes over time, which makes it difficult to write stable test cases with LDAP. Test::Net::LDAP::Mock helps developers set up any fake LDAP directory tree in memory, so that they can test sufficient varieties of senarios for the application.

Without this module, an alternative way to test an application using LDAP is to run a real server locally during testing. (See how Net::LDAP is tested with a local OpenLDAP server.) However, it may not be always trivial to set up such a server with correct configurations and schemas, where this module makes testing easier.

    LDAP Schema

In the current version, the LDAP schema is ignored when entries are added or modified, although a schema can optionally be specified only for the search filter matching (based on Net::LDAP::FilterMatch).

An advantage is that it is much easier to set up fake data with any arbitrary LDAP attributes than to care about all the restrictions with the schema. A disadvantage is that it cannot test schema-sensitive cases.


LDAPv3 controls are not supported (yet). The control parameter given as an argument of a method will be ignored.



Creates a new object. It does not connect to the real LDAP server. Each object is associated with a shared LDAP data tree in memory, depending on the target (host/port/path) and scheme (ldap/ldaps/ldapi).

    Test::Net::LDAP::Mock->new(, port => 3389);


    Test::Net::LDAP::Mock->mockify(sub {
        # CODE

Inside the code block (recursively), all the occurrences of Net::LDAP::new are replaced by Test::Net::LDAP::Mock::new.

Subclasses of Net::LDAP are also mockified. Test::Net::LDAP::Mock is inserted into @ISA of each subclass, only within the context of mockify.

See also: ldap_mockify in Test::Net::LDAP::Util.


Retrieves the currently associated data tree (for the internal purpose only).


Gets or sets the LDAP schema (Net::LDAP::Schema object) for the currently associated data tree.

In this version, the schema is used only for the search filter matching (based on Net::LDAP::FilterMatch internally). It has no effect for any modification operations such as add, modify, and delete.


Gets or sets the root DSE (Net::LDAP::RootDSE) for the currently associated data tree.

This should be set up as part of the test fixture before any successive call to the root_dse() method, since Net::LDAP will cache the returned object.

        namingContexts => dc=example,dc=com

Note: the namingContexts value has no effect on the restriction with the topmost DN. In other words, even if namingContexts is set to ’dc=example,dc=com’, the add() method still allows you to add an entry to ’dc=somewhere-else’.


Gets or sets a LDAP result code (and optionally a message) that will be used as a message returned by a later bind() call.

    use Net::LDAP::Constant qw(LDAP_INVALID_CREDENTIALS);
    $ldap->mock_bind(LDAP_INVALID_CREDENTIALS, Login failed);
    # ...
    my $mesg = $ldap->bind(...);
    $mesg->code && die $mesg->error; #=> die(Login failed)

In the list context, it returns an array of the code and message. In the scalar context, it returns the code only.

Alternatively, this method can take a callback subroutine:

    $ldap->mock_bind(sub {
        my $arg = shift;
        # Validate $arg->{dn} and $arg->{password}, etc.
        if (...invalid credentials...) {
            return LDAP_INVALID_CREDENTIALS;

The callback can return a single value as the LDAP result code or an array in the form ($code, $message). If the callback returns nothing (or undef), it is regarded as LDAP_SUCCESS.


Gets or sets the password for the simple password authentication with bind().

    $ldap->mock_password(uid=test, dc=example, dc=com => test_password);
    # Caution: Passwords should usually *not* be hard-coded like this. Consider to load
    # passwords from a config file, etc.

The passwords are stored with the entry node in the data tree.

Once this method is used, the bind() call will check the credentials whenever the password parameter is passed. Anonymous binding and all the other authentication methods are not affected.


Gets or sets the target scheme://host:port to normalize the way for successive Test::Net::LDAP::Mock objects to resolve the associated data tree.

It is useful when normalizing the target scheme://host:port for different combinations. For example, if there are sub-domains (such as and that share the same data tree, the target host should be normalized to be the single master server (such as

    Test::Net::LDAP::Mock->mock_target(, port => 3389);
    Test::Net::LDAP::Mock->mock_target([, {port => 3389}]);
    Test::Net::LDAP::Mock->mock_target({scheme => ldaps, port => 3389});

Since this will affect all the successive calls to instantiate Test::Net::LDAP::Mock, it may not be ideal when your application uses connections to multiple LDAP servers. In that case, you can specify a callback that will be invoked each time a Test::Net::LDAP::Mock object is instantiated.

    Test::Net::LDAP::Mock->mock_target(sub {
        my ($host, $arg) = @_;
        # Normalize $host, $arg->{port}, and $arg->{scheme}
        $host = if $host =~ /\.example1\.com$/;
        $host = if $host =~ /\.example2\.com$/;
        return ($host, $arg);


Searches for entries in the currently associated data tree.

        base => dc=example, dc=com, scope => sub,
        filter => (cn=*), attrs => [uid, cn]

See search in Net::LDAP for more parameter usage.


Compares an attribute/value pair with an entry in the currently associated data tree.

    $ldap->compare(uid=test, dc=example, dc=com,
        attr => cn,
        value => Test

See compare in Net::LDAP for more parameter usage.


Adds an entry to the currently associated data tree.

    $ldap->add(uid=test, dc=example, dc=com, attrs => [
        cn => Test

See add in Net::LDAP for more parameter usage.


Modifies an entry in the currently associated data tree.

    $ldap->modify(uid=test, dc=example, dc=com, add => [
        cn => Test2

See modify in Net::LDAP for more parameter usage.


Deletes an entry from the currently associated data tree.

    $ldap->delete(uid=test, dc=example, dc=com);

See delete in Net::LDAP for more parameter usage.


Modifies DN of an entry in the currently associated data tree.

    $ldap->moddn(uid=test, dc=example, dc=com,
        newrdn => uid=test2

See moddn in Net::LDAP for more parameter usage.


Returns an expected result message if the bind result has previously been setup by the mock_bind() method. Otherwise, a success message is returned.


Returns a success message.


Returns a success message.
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perl v5.20.3 TEST::NET::LDAP::MOCK (3) 2015-03-24

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