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Manual Reference Pages  -  XML::COMPILE::SOAP11::ENCODING (3)

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XML::Compile::SOAP11::Encoding - SOAP encoding



 ### This module may work for you... but may also
 ### not work.  Progress has been made, but the
 ### implementation is not complete and not well tested.

 # Add this to load the logic
 use XML::Compile::SOAP11::Encoding simplify => 1;

 # The internals are used by the ::SOAP11 module, and
 # probably should not be called by yourself.


This module loads extra functionality into the XML::Compile::SOAP11 namespace: all kinds of methods which are used to SOAP-encode data.



SOAP defines encodings, especially for SOAP-RPC.

$obj-><B>arrayB>( <$name|undef>, $item_type, $elements, %options ) Arrays can be a mess: a mixture of anything and nothing. Therefore, you have to help the generation more than you may wish for. This method produces an one dimensional array, multidim() is used for multi-dimensional arrays.

The $name is the packed type of the array itself. When undef, the {soap-enc-ns}Array will be used (the action soap encoding namespace will be used).

The $item_type specifies the type of each element within the array. This type is used to create the arrayType attribute, however doesn’t tell enough about the items themselves: they may be extensions to that type.

Each of the $elements (passed as ARRAY) must be an XML::LibXML::Node, either self-constructed, or produced by one of the builder methods in this class, like enc() or typed().

Returned is the XML::LibXML::Element which represents the array.

 -Option      --Default
  array_type    <generated>
  id            <undef>
  offset        0
  slice         <all remaining>

array_type => STRING The arrayType attribute content. When explicitly set to undef, the attribute is not created.
id => STRING Assign an id to the array. If not defined, than no id attribute is added.
nested_array => STRING The ARRAY type should reflect nested array structures if they are homogeneous. This is a really silly part of the specs, because there is no need for it on any other comparible place in the specs... but ala.

For instance: nested_array => [,], means that this array contains two-dimensional arrays.

offset => INTEGER When a partial array is to be transmitted, the number of the base element.
slice => INTEGER When a partial array is to be transmitted, this is the length of the slice to be sent (the number of elements starting with the offset element)
$obj-><B>elementB>($type, $name, $value) Create an element. The $name is for node, where a namespace component is translated into a prefix. When you wish for a type attribute, use typed().

When the $type does not contain a namespace indication, it is taken in the selected schema namespace. If the $value already is a XML::LibXML::Element, then that one is used (and the $name ignored).

$obj-><B>encB>( $local, $value, [$id] ) In the SOAP specification, encoding types are defined: elements which do not have a distinguishable name but use the type of the data as name. Yep, ugly!


  my $xml = $soap->enc(int, 43);
  my $xml = $soap->enc(int => 43);
  print $xml->toString;
    # <SOAP-ENC:int>43</SOAP-ENC:int>

  my $xml = $soap->enc(int, 42, id => me);
  my $xml = $soap->enc(int => 42, id => me);
  print $xml->toString;
    # <SOAP-ENC:int id="me">42</SOAP-ENC:int>

$obj-><B>hrefB>( $name, $element, [$id] ) Create a reference element with $name to the existing $element. When the $element does not have an id attribute yet, then $id will be used. In case not $id was specified, then one is generated.
$obj-><B>multidimB>( <$name|undef>, $item_type, $elements, %options ) A multi-dimensional array, less flexible than a single dimensional array, which can be created with array().

The table of $elements (ARRAY of ARRAYs) must be full: in each of the dimensions, the length of each row must be the same. On the other hand, it may be sparse (contain undefs). The size of each dimension is determined by the length of its first element.

  id      undef

id => STRING
$obj-><B>nilB>( [$type], $name ) Create an element with $name which explicitly has the xsi:nil attribute. If the $name is full (has a namespace to it), it will be translated into a QNAME, otherwise, it is considered not namespace qualified.

If a $type is given, then an explicit type parameter is added.

$obj-><B>prefixedB>( $type|<$ns,$local> ) Translate a $ns-$local combination (which may be represented as a packed $type) into a prefixed notation.

  doc     <created internally with utf8>

doc => XML::LibXML::Document node
$obj-><B>structB>($type, $childs) Create a structure, an element with children. The $childs must be fully prepared XML::LibXML::Element objects.
$obj-><B>typedB>($type, $name, $value) A typed element shows its type explicitly, via the xsi:type attribute. The $value will get processed via an auto-generated XML::Compile writer, so validated. The processing is cashed.

When $value already is an XML::LibXML::Element, then no processing nor value checking will be performed. The $name will be ignored.

If the $type is not qualified, then it is interpreted as basic type, as defined by the selected schema. If you explicitly need a non-namespace typed item, then use an empty namespace. In any case, the type must be defined and the value is validated.


 my $xml = $soap->typed(int => count => 5);
 my $xml = $soap->typed(pack_type(SCHEMA1999, int), count => 5);

 my $xml = $soap->typed(pack_type(, mine), a => 1);
 my $xml = $soap->typed({}mine), a => 1); #same

$obj-><B>rpcDecodeB>($xmlnodes) Decode the elements found in the $xmlnodes (list of XML::LibXML::Node objects). Use Data::Dumper to figure-out what the produced output is: it is a guess, so may not be perfect (do not use RPC but document style soap for good results).

The decoded data is returned. When simplify is set, then the returned data is compact but may be sloppy. Otherwise, a HASH is returned containing as much info as could be extracted from the tree.


This module is part of XML-Compile-SOAP distribution version 3.18, built on March 22, 2016. Website:

Please post questions or ideas to the mailinglist at . For live contact with other developers, visit the #xml-compile channel on


Copyrights 2007-2016 by [Mark Overmeer]. For other contributors see ChangeLog.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See

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