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Manual Reference Pages  -  XML::COMPILE::WSDL11 (3)

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XML::Compile::WSDL11 - create SOAP messages defined by WSDL 1.1



   is a XML::Compile::Cache
   is a XML::Compile::Schema
   is a XML::Compile


 # preparation
 use XML::Compile::WSDL11;      # use WSDL version 1.1
 use XML::Compile::SOAP11;      # use SOAP version 1.1
 use XML::Compile::Transport::SOAPHTTP;

 # you want some trace?
 use Log::Report mode => DEBUG;   # or VERBOSE

 # collect one or more wsdls and xsds in one object
 my $wsdl = XML::Compile::WSDL11->new($wsdlfile
   , server_type => BEA
 $wsdl->addWSDL(...more WSDL files...);
 $wsdl->importDefinitions(...more schemas...);

 # during initiation, for each used call
 my $call = $wsdl->compileClient(GetStockPrice, ...);

 # at "run-time", call as often as you want (fast)
 my $answer = $call->(%request);

 # capture useful trace information
 my ($answer, $trace) = $call->(%request);
 {   $trace->printError;

 # no need to administer the operations by hand: alternative
 $wsdl->compileCalls;  # at initiation
 my $answer = $wsdl->call(GetStockPrice => %request);

 # investigate the %request structure (server input)
 print $wsdl->explain(GetStockPrice, PERL => INPUT, recurse => 1);

 # investigate the $answer structure (server output)
 print $wsdl->explain(GetStockPrice, PERL => OUTPUT);

 # when you like, get all operation definitions
 my @all_ops = $wsdl->operations;

 # Install XML::Compile::SOAP::Daemon
 my $server  = XML::Compile::SOAP::HTTPDaemon->new;
 undef $wsdl;    # not needed any further

 # For debug info, start your script with:
 use Log::Report mode => DEBUG;


This module understands WSDL version 1.1. An WSDL file defines a set of messages to be send and received over (SOAP) connections. This involves encoding of the message to be send into XML, sending the message to the server, collect the answer, and finally decoding the XML to Perl.

As end-user, you do not have to worry about the complex details of the messages and the way to exchange them: it’s all simple Perl for you. Also, faults are handled automatically. The only complication you have to worry about is to shape a nested HASH structure to the sending message structure. XML::Compile::Schema::template() may help you.

When the definitions are spread over multiple files you will need to use addWSDL() (wsdl) or importDefinitions() (additional schema’s) explicitly. Usually, interreferences between those files are broken. Often they reference over networks (you should never trust). So, on purpose you <B>must explicitly loadB> the files you need from local disk! (of course, it is simple to find one-liners as work-arounds, but I will not tell you how! See XML::Compile::SOAP::FAQ)

Extends DESCRIPTION in XML::Compile::Cache.


Extends METHODS in XML::Compile::Cache.


Extends Constructors in XML::Compile::Cache.
XML::Compile::WSDL11-><B>newB>( [$xml], %options ) The $xml is the WSDL file, which is anything accepted by XML::Compile::dataToXML().

 -Option            --Defined in          --Default
  allow_undeclared    XML::Compile::Cache   <false>
  any_element         XML::Compile::Cache   ATTEMPT
  block_namespace     XML::Compile::Schema  []
  hook                XML::Compile::Schema  undef
  hooks               XML::Compile::Schema  []
  ignore_unused_tags  XML::Compile::Schema  <false>
  key_rewrite         XML::Compile::Schema  []
  opts_readers        XML::Compile::Cache   []
  opts_rw             XML::Compile::Cache   []
  opts_writers        XML::Compile::Cache   []
  parser_options      XML::Compile          <many>
  prefixes            XML::Compile::Cache   <smart>
  schema_dirs         XML::Compile          undef
  server_type                               undef
  typemap             XML::Compile::Cache   {}
  xsi_type            XML::Compile::Cache   {}

allow_undeclared => BOOLEAN
hook => HOOK|ARRAY
hooks => ARRAY
ignore_unused_tags => BOOLEAN|REGEXP
key_rewrite => HASH|CODE|ARRAY
opts_readers => HASH|ARRAY-of-PAIRS
opts_rw => HASH|ARRAY-of-PAIRS
opts_writers => HASH|ARRAY-of-PAIRS
parser_options => HASH|ARRAY
prefixes => HASH|ARRAY-of-PAIRS
server_type => NAME [3.01] When you specify the implementation of the server, we can work around some of the known bugs and limitation. Read XML::Compile::SOAP section Supported servers for supported servers.
typemap => HASH|ARRAY
xsi_type => HASH|ARRAY


Extends Accessors in XML::Compile::Cache.
$obj-><B>addHookB>($hook|LIST|undef) Inherited, see Accessors in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj-><B>addHooksB>( $hook, [$hook, ...] ) Inherited, see Accessors in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj-><B>addKeyRewriteB>($predef|CODE|HASH, ...) Inherited, see Accessors in XML::Compile::Schema
XML::Compile::WSDL11-><B>addSchemaDirsB>(@directories|$filename) Inherited, see Accessors in XML::Compile
$obj-><B>addSchemasB>($xml, %options) Inherited, see Accessors in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj-><B>addTypemapB>(PAIR) Inherited, see Accessors in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj-><B>addTypemapsB>(PAIRS) Inherited, see Accessors in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj-><B>addXsiTypeB>( [HASH|ARRAY|LIST] ) Inherited, see Accessors in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj-><B>allowUndeclaredB>( [BOOLEAN] ) Inherited, see Accessors in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj-><B>anyElementB>(’ATTEMPT’|’SLOPPY’|’SKIP_ALL’|’TAKE_ALL’|CODE) Inherited, see Accessors in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj-><B>blockNamespaceB>($ns|$type|HASH|CODE|ARRAY) Inherited, see Accessors in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj-><B>hooksB>( [<’READER’|’WRITER’>] ) Inherited, see Accessors in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj-><B>typemapB>( [HASH|ARRAY|PAIRS] ) Inherited, see Accessors in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj-><B>useSchemaB>( $schema, [$schema, ...] ) Inherited, see Accessors in XML::Compile::Schema

    Prefix management

Extends Prefix management in XML::Compile::Cache.
$obj-><B>addNicePrefixB>(BASE, NAMESPACE) Inherited, see Prefix management in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj-><B>addPrefixesB>( [PAIRS|ARRAY|HASH] ) Inherited, see Prefix management in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj-><B>learnPrefixesB>($node) Inherited, see Prefix management in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj-><B>prefixB>($prefix) Inherited, see Prefix management in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj-><B>prefixForB>($uri) Inherited, see Prefix management in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj-><B>prefixedB>( $type|<$ns,$local> ) Inherited, see Prefix management in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj-><B>prefixesB>( [$params] ) Inherited, see Prefix management in XML::Compile::Cache


Extends Compilers in XML::Compile::Cache.
$obj-><B>addCompileOptionsB>( [’READERS’|’WRITERS’|’RW’], %options ) Inherited, see Compilers in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj-><B>callB>($opname, $data) [2.20] Call the $opname (operation name) with $data (HASH or LIST of parameters). This only works when you have called compileCalls() beforehand, always during the initiation phase of the program.


   # at initiation time (compile once)

   # at runtime (run often)
   my $answer = $wsdl->call($operation, $request);

$obj-><B>compileB>( <’READER’|’WRITER’>, $type, %options ) Inherited, see Compilers in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj-><B>compileAllB>( [ <’READERS’|’WRITERS’|’RW’|’CALLS’>, [$ns] ] ) [2.20] With explicit CALLS or without any parameter, it will call compileCalls(). Otherwise, see XML::Compile::Cache::compileAll().
$obj-><B>compileCallB>($operation|$opname, %options) [2.37] The call to the $operation object (which extends XML::Compile::SOAP::Operation) gets compiled and cached so it can be used with call().

[2.38] Alteratively to an $operation object, you may also specify an operation by name.

  alias   undef

alias => NAME [3.03] When defined, the compiled operation will be stored with the alias name in stead of the operation name. This may make your code more readible or solve naming conflicts.


  my $op = $wsdl->operation(name => getInfo);

  # as often as you need it
  my ($answer, $trace) = $wsdl->call(getInfo)->(%request);

$obj-><B>compileCallsB>(%options) [2.20] Compile a handler for each of the available operations. The %options are passed to each call of compileClient(), but will be overruled by more specific declared options.

Additionally, %options can contain service, port, and binding to limit the set of involved calls. See operations() for details on these options.

You may declare additional specific compilation options with the declare() method.

 -Option    --Default
  long_names  false

long_names => BOOLEAN [3.03] Prepend the service name to the operation name to produce an alias (see compileCall(alias)) for the compiled call. If the service name is ’X’ and the operation name is ’Y’, then the alias becomes ’X#Y’.

You will need this if you have multiple operations with the same name in your WSDL (-collection).


   my $trans = XML::Compile::Transport::SOAPHTTP
     ->new(timeout => 500, address => $wsdl->endPoint);
   $wsdl->compileCalls(transport => $trans);

   # alternatives for simple cases
   my $answer = $wsdl->call($myop, $request);

$obj-><B>compileTypeB>( <’READER’|’WRITER’>, $type, %options ) Inherited, see Compilers in XML::Compile::Schema
XML::Compile::WSDL11-><B>dataToXMLB>($node|REF-XML|XML-STRING|$filename|$fh|$known) Inherited, see Compilers in XML::Compile
XML::Compile::WSDL11-><B>initParserB>(%options) Inherited, see Compilers in XML::Compile
$obj-><B>readerB>($type|$name, %options) Inherited, see Compilers in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj-><B>templateB>( <’XML’|’PERL’|’TREE’>, $element, %options ) Inherited, see Compilers in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj-><B>writerB>($type|$name) Inherited, see Compilers in XML::Compile::Cache


$obj-><B>addWSDLB>($xmldata|\@xmldata, %options) The $xmldata must be acceptable to XML::Compile::dataToXML() and should represent the top-level of a (partial) WSDL document. The specification can be spread over multiple files, each of which must have a definition root element.
$obj-><B>compileClientB>( [$name], %options ) Creates an XML::Compile::SOAP::Operation temporary object using operation(), and then calls compileClient() on that. This results in a code reference which will handle all client-server SOAP exchange.

The %options available include all of the options for:
o operation() (i.e. service and port), and all of
o XML::Compile::SOAP::Operation::compileClient() (there are many of these, for instance transport_hook and server)

You <B>cannotB> pass options for XML::Compile::Schema::compile(), like <sloppy_integers = 0>>, hooks or typemaps this way. Use new(opts_rw) and friends to declare those.

When you use compileCall(), the compiled code references get cached for you. In that case, you can use call() to use them.


  my $call = $wsdl->compileClient
    ( operation => HelloWorld
    , port      => PrefillSoap # only required when multiple ports
  my ($answer, $trace) = $call->($request);

  # operation keyword optional
  my $call = $wsdl->compileClient(HelloWorld);

$obj-><B>namesForB>($class) Returns the list of names available for a certain definition $class in the WSDL. See index() for a way to determine the available $class information.
$obj-><B>operationB>( [$name], %options ) Collect all information for a certain operation. Returned is an XML::Compile::SOAP::Operation object.

An operation is defined by a service name, a port, some bindings, and an operation name, which can be specified explicitly and is often left-out: in the many configurations where there are no alternative choices. In case there are alternatives, you will be requested to pick an option.

 -Option     --Default
  action       <undef>
  operation    <required>
  port         <only when just one port in WSDL>
  server_type  undef
  service      <only when just one service in WSDL>

action => STRING Overrule the soapAction from the WSDL.
operation => NAME Ignored when the parameter list starts with a $name (which is an alternative for this option). Optional when there is only one operation defined within the portType.
port => NAME Required when more than one port is defined.
server_type => NAME Overrules new(server_type).
service => QNAME|PREFIXED Required when more than one service is defined.


Extends Administration in XML::Compile::Cache.
$obj-><B>declareB>($group, $component|ARRAY, %options) Register specific compile %options for the specific $component. See also XML::Compile::Cache::declare(). The $group is either READER, WRITER, RW (both reader and writer), or OPERATION. As $component, you specify the element name (for readers and writers) or operation name (for operations). %options are specified as LIST, ARRAY or HASH.


   $wsdl->declare(OPERATION => GetStockPrice, @extra_opts);
   my $answer = $wsdl->call(GetStockPrice => %request);

$obj-><B>doesExtendB>($exttype, $basetype) Inherited, see Administration in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj-><B>elementsB>() Inherited, see Administration in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj-><B>findNameB>($name) Inherited, see Administration in XML::Compile::Cache
XML::Compile::WSDL11-><B>findSchemaFileB>($filename) Inherited, see Administration in XML::Compile
$obj-><B>importDefinitionsB>($xmldata, %options) Inherited, see Administration in XML::Compile::Schema
XML::Compile::WSDL11-><B>knownNamespaceB>($ns|PAIRS) Inherited, see Administration in XML::Compile
$obj-><B>namespacesB>() Inherited, see Administration in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj-><B>typesB>() Inherited, see Administration in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj-><B>walkTreeB>($node, CODE) Inherited, see Administration in XML::Compile


All of the following methods are usually NOT meant for end-users. End-users should stick to the operation() and compileClient() methods.
$obj-><B>endPointB>(%options) [2.20] Returns the address of the server, as specified by the WSDL. When there are no alternatives for service or port, you not not need to specify those parameters.

The endpoint in the WSDL is often wrong. All compile functions accept the server and endpoint parameters to overrule the value. With server, only the hostname:port is being replaced. With endpoint, everything is replaced.

 -Option --Default
  port     <undef>
  service  <undef>

port => NAME


 my $devel = URI->new($wsdl->endPoint);
 my $call = $wsdl->compileCall($opname, endpoint => $devel);

$obj-><B>explainB>($operation, $format, $direction, %options) [2.13] Produce templates (see XML::Compile::Schema::template() which detail the use of the $operation. Currently, only the PERL template $format is available.

The $direction of operation is either INPUT (input for the server, hence to be produced by the client), or OUTPUT (from the server, received by the client).

The actual work is done by XML::Compile::SOAP::Operation::explain(). The %options passed to that method include recurse and skip_header.


  print $wsdl->explain(CheckStatus, PERL => INPUT);

  print $wsdl->explain(CheckStatus, PERL => OUTPUT
     , recurse => 1                 # explain options
     , port    => Soap12PortName  # operation options

  foreach my $op ($wsdl->operations)
  {  print $op->explain($wsdl, PERL => INPUT);

$obj-><B>findDefB>( $class, <$qname|$prefixed|$name> ) With a $qname, the HASH which contains the parsed XML information from the WSDL template for that $class-$name combination is returned. You may also have a $prefixed name, using one of the predefined namespace abbreviations. Otherwise, $name is considered to be the localName in that class. When the $name is not found, an error is produced.

Without $qname in SCALAR context, there may only be one such name defined otherwise an error is produced. In LIST context, all definitions in $class are returned.


 $service  = $obj->findDef(service => http://xyz);
 @services = $obj->findDef(service);

$obj-><B>indexB>( [$class, [$qname]] ) With a $class and $qname, it returns one WSDL definition HASH or undef. Returns the index for the $class group of names as HASH. When no $class is specified, a HASH of HASHes is returned with the CLASSes on the top-level.

$class includes service, binding, portType, and message.

$obj-><B>operationsB>(%options) Return a list with all operations defined in the WSDL.

 -Option --Default
  binding  <undef>
  port     <undef>
  service  <undef>

binding => NAME Only return operations which use the binding with the specified NAME. By default, all bindings are accepted.
port => NAME Return only operations related to the specified port NAME. By default operations from all ports.
service => NAME Only return operations related to the NAMEd service, by default all services.
$obj-><B>printIndexB>( [$fh], %options ) For available %options, see operations(). This method is useful to understand the structure of your WSDL: it shows a nested list of services, bindings, ports and portTypes.

 -Option       --Defined in         --Default
  show_declared  XML::Compile::Cache  <true>

show_declared => BOOLEAN


Extends DETAILS in XML::Compile::Cache.

    Distribution collection overview

Extends Distribution collection overview in XML::Compile::Cache.


Extends Comparison in XML::Compile::Cache.

    Collecting definitions

Extends Collecting definitions in XML::Compile::Cache.

    Addressing components

Extends Addressing components in XML::Compile::Cache.

    Representing data-structures

Extends Representing data-structures in XML::Compile::Cache.

    Schema hooks

Extends Schema hooks in XML::Compile::Cache.


Extends Typemaps in XML::Compile::Cache.

    Handling xsi:type

Extends Handling xsi:type in XML::Compile::Cache.

    Key rewrite

Extends Key rewrite in XML::Compile::Cache.

    Initializing SOAP operations via WSDL

When you have a WSDL file, then SOAP is simple. If there is no such file at hand, then it is still possible to use SOAP. See the DETAILS chapter in XML::Compile::SOAP.

The WSDL file contains operations which can be addressed by name. In the WSDL file you need to find the name of the port to be used. In most cases, the WSDL has only one service, one port, one binding, and one portType and those names can therefore be omitted. If there is a choice, then you must explicitly select one.

 use XML::Compile::WSDL11 ();

 # once in your program
 my $wsdl   = XML::Compile::WSDL11->new(def.wsdl);

 # XML::Compile::Schema refuses to follow "include" and
 # "import" commands, so you need to invoke them explicitly.
 # $wsdl->addWSDL(file2.wsdl);            # optional
 # $wsdl->importDefinitions(schema1.xsd); # optional

 # once for each of the defined operations
 my $call   = $wsdl->compileClient(GetStockPrice);

 # see XML::Compile::SOAP chapter DETAILS about call params
 my $answer = $call->(%request);


Extends DESCRIPTIONS in XML::Compile::Cache.


This module is part of XML-Compile-WSDL11 distribution version 3.05, built on March 15, 2016. Website:

Other distributions in this suite: XML::Compile, XML::Compile::SOAP, XML::Compile::WSDL11, XML::Compile::SOAP12, XML::Compile::SOAP::Daemon, XML::Compile::SOAP::WSA, XML::Compile::C14N, XML::Compile::WSS, XML::Compile::WSS::Signature, XML::Compile::Tester, XML::Compile::Cache, XML::Compile::Dumper, XML::Compile::RPC, XML::Rewrite and XML::LibXML::Simple.

Please post questions or ideas to the mailinglist at . For live contact with other developers, visit the #xml-compile channel on


Copyrights 2014-2016 by [Mark Overmeer]. For other contributors see ChangeLog.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See

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