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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  ARCHIVE_READ_OPEN (3)

NAME

archive_read_open, archive_read_open2, archive_read_open_fd, archive_read_open_FILE, archive_read_open_filename, archive_read_open_memory, - functions for reading streaming archives

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
Description
Client Callbacks
Return Values
Errors
See Also

LIBRARY

Streaming Archive Library (libarchive, -larchive)

SYNOPSIS


.In archive.h int
.Fo archive_read_open struct archive * void *client_data archive_open_callback * archive_read_callback * archive_close_callback *
.Fc int
.Fo archive_read_open2 struct archive * void *client_data archive_open_callback * archive_read_callback * archive_skip_callback * archive_close_callback *
.Fc int archive_read_open_FILE struct archive * FILE *file int archive_read_open_fd struct archive * int fd size_t block_size int
.Fo archive_read_open_filename struct archive * const char *filename size_t block_size
.Fc int archive_read_open_memory struct archive * void *buff size_t size

DESCRIPTION

archive_read_open The same as archive_read_open2, except that the skip callback is assumed to be NULL.
archive_read_open2 Freeze the settings, open the archive, and prepare for reading entries. This is the most generic version of this call, which accepts four callback functions. Most clients will want to use archive_read_open_filename, archive_read_open_FILE, archive_read_open_fd, or archive_read_open_memory instead. The library invokes the client-provided functions to obtain raw bytes from the archive.
archive_read_open_FILE Like archive_read_open, except that it accepts a FILE * pointer. This function should not be used with tape drives or other devices that require strict I/O blocking.
archive_read_open_fd Like archive_read_open, except that it accepts a file descriptor and block size rather than a set of function pointers. Note that the file descriptor will not be automatically closed at end-of-archive. This function is safe for use with tape drives or other blocked devices.
archive_read_open_file This is a deprecated synonym for archive_read_open_filename.
archive_read_open_filename Like archive_read_open, except that it accepts a simple filename and a block size. A NULL filename represents standard input. This function is safe for use with tape drives or other blocked devices.
archive_read_open_memory Like archive_read_open, except that it accepts a pointer and size of a block of memory containing the archive data.

A complete description of the struct archive and struct archive_entry objects can be found in the overview manual page for libarchive(3).

CLIENT CALLBACKS

The callback functions must match the following prototypes:
typedef ssize_t
.Fo archive_read_callback struct archive * void *client_data const void **buffer
.Fc
typedef off_t
.Fo archive_skip_callback struct archive * void *client_data off_t request
.Fc
typedef int archive_open_callback struct archive * void *client_data
typedef int archive_close_callback struct archive * void *client_data

The open callback is invoked by archive_open. It should return ARCHIVE_OK if the underlying file or data source is successfully opened. If the open fails, it should call archive_set_error to register an error code and message and return ARCHIVE_FATAL.

The read callback is invoked whenever the library requires raw bytes from the archive. The read callback should read data into a buffer, set the const void **buffer argument to point to the available data, and return a count of the number of bytes available. The library will invoke the read callback again only after it has consumed this data. The library imposes no constraints on the size of the data blocks returned. On end-of-file, the read callback should return zero. On error, the read callback should invoke archive_set_error to register an error code and message and return -1.

The skip callback is invoked when the library wants to ignore a block of data. The return value is the number of bytes actually skipped, which may differ from the request. If the callback cannot skip data, it should return zero. If the skip callback is not provided (the function pointer is NULL ), the library will invoke the read function instead and simply discard the result. A skip callback can provide significant performance gains when reading uncompressed archives from slow disk drives or other media that can skip quickly.

The close callback is invoked by archive_close when the archive processing is complete. The callback should return ARCHIVE_OK on success. On failure, the callback should invoke archive_set_error to register an error code and message and return ARCHIVE_FATAL.

RETURN VALUES

These functions return ARCHIVE_OK on success, or ARCHIVE_FATAL.

ERRORS

Detailed error codes and textual descriptions are available from the archive_errno and archive_error_string functions.

SEE ALSO

tar(1), libarchive(3), archive_read(3), archive_read_data(3), archive_read_filter(3), archive_read_format(3), archive_read_set_options(3), archive_util(3), tar(5)
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