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Manual Reference Pages  - archive_read (3)

NAME

archive_read_new, archive_read_support_compression_all, archive_read_support_compression_bzip2, archive_read_support_compression_compress, archive_read_support_compression_gzip, archive_read_support_compression_none, archive_read_support_compression_program, archive_read_support_format_all, archive_read_support_format_cpio, archive_read_support_format_empty, archive_read_support_format_iso9660, archive_read_support_format_tar, archive_read_support_format_zip, archive_read_open, archive_read_open2, archive_read_open_fd, archive_read_open_FILE, archive_read_open_filename, archive_read_open_memory, archive_read_next_header, archive_read_data, archive_read_data_block, archive_read_data_skip, archive_read_data_into_buffer, archive_read_data_into_fd, archive_read_extract, archive_read_extract2, archive_read_extract_set_progress_callback, archive_read_close, archive_read_finish - functions for reading streaming archives

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Client Callbacks
Example
Return Values
See Also
History
Authors
Bugs

SYNOPSIS


.In archive.h struct archive * archive_read_new void int archive_read_support_compression_all struct archive * int archive_read_support_compression_bzip2 struct archive * int archive_read_support_compression_compress struct archive * int archive_read_support_compression_gzip struct archive * int archive_read_support_compression_none struct archive * int
.Fo archive_read_support_compression_program struct archive * const char *cmd
.Fc int archive_read_support_format_all struct archive * int archive_read_support_format_cpio struct archive * int archive_read_support_format_empty struct archive * int archive_read_support_format_iso9660 struct archive * int archive_read_support_format_tar struct archive * int archive_read_support_format_zip struct archive * int
.Fo archive_read_open struct archive * void *client_data archive_open_callback * archive_read_callback * archive_close_callback *
.Fc int
.Fo archive_read_open2 struct archive * void *client_data archive_open_callback * archive_read_callback * archive_skip_callback * archive_close_callback *
.Fc int archive_read_open_FILE struct archive * FILE *file int archive_read_open_fd struct archive * int fd size_t block_size int
.Fo archive_read_open_filename struct archive * const char *filename size_t block_size
.Fc int archive_read_open_memory struct archive * void *buff size_t size int archive_read_next_header struct archive * struct archive_entry ** ssize_t archive_read_data struct archive * void *buff size_t len int
.Fo archive_read_data_block struct archive * const void **buff size_t *len off_t *offset
.Fc int archive_read_data_skip struct archive * int archive_read_data_into_buffer struct archive * void * ssize_t len int archive_read_data_into_fd struct archive * int fd int
.Fo archive_read_extract struct archive * struct archive_entry * int flags
.Fc int
.Fo archive_read_extract2 struct archive *src struct archive_entry * struct archive *dest
.Fc void
.Fo archive_read_extract_set_progress_callback struct archive * void (*func)(void *) void *user_data
.Fc int archive_read_close struct archive * int archive_read_finish struct archive *

DESCRIPTION

These functions provide a complete API for reading streaming archives. The general process is to first create the struct archive object, set options, initialize the reader, iterate over the archive headers and associated data, then close the archive and release all resources. The following summary describes the functions in approximately the order they would be used:
archive_read_new Allocates and initializes a struct archive object suitable for reading from an archive.
archive_read_support_compression_all, archive_read_support_compression_bzip2, archive_read_support_compression_compress, archive_read_support_compression_gzip, archive_read_support_compression_none
  Enables auto-detection code and decompression support for the specified compression. Note that "none" is always enabled by default. For convenience, archive_read_support_compression_all enables all available decompression code.
archive_read_support_compression_program Data is fed through the specified external program before being dearchived. Note that this disables automatic detection of the compression format, so it makes no sense to specify this in conjunction with any other decompression option.
archive_read_support_format_all, archive_read_support_format_cpio, archive_read_support_format_empty, archive_read_support_format_iso9660, archive_read_support_format_tar, archive_read_support_format_zip
  Enables support---including auto-detection code---for the specified archive format. For example, archive_read_support_format_tar enables support for a variety of standard tar formats, old-style tar, ustar, pax interchange format, and many common variants. For convenience, archive_read_support_format_all enables support for all available formats. Only empty archives are supported by default.
archive_read_open The same as archive_read_open2, except that the skip callback is assumed to be NULL.
archive_read_open2 Freeze the settings, open the archive, and prepare for reading entries. This is the most generic version of this call, which accepts four callback functions. Most clients will want to use archive_read_open_filename, archive_read_open_FILE, archive_read_open_fd, or archive_read_open_memory instead. The library invokes the client-provided functions to obtain raw bytes from the archive.
archive_read_open_FILE Like archive_read_open, except that it accepts a FILE * pointer. This function should not be used with tape drives or other devices that require strict I/O blocking.
archive_read_open_fd Like archive_read_open, except that it accepts a file descriptor and block size rather than a set of function pointers. Note that the file descriptor will not be automatically closed at end-of-archive. This function is safe for use with tape drives or other blocked devices.
archive_read_open_file This is a deprecated synonym for archive_read_open_filename.
archive_read_open_filename Like archive_read_open, except that it accepts a simple filename and a block size. A NULL filename represents standard input. This function is safe for use with tape drives or other blocked devices.
archive_read_open_memory Like archive_read_open, except that it accepts a pointer and size of a block of memory containing the archive data.
archive_read_next_header Read the header for the next entry and return a pointer to a struct archive_entry.
archive_read_data Read data associated with the header just read. Internally, this is a convenience function that calls archive_read_data_block and fills any gaps with nulls so that callers see a single continuous stream of data.
archive_read_data_block Return the next available block of data for this entry. Unlike archive_read_data, the archive_read_data_block function avoids copying data and allows you to correctly handle sparse files, as supported by some archive formats. The library guarantees that offsets will increase and that blocks will not overlap. Note that the blocks returned from this function can be much larger than the block size read from disk, due to compression and internal buffer optimizations.
archive_read_data_skip A convenience function that repeatedly calls archive_read_data_block to skip all of the data for this archive entry.
archive_read_data_into_buffer This function is deprecated and will be removed. Use archive_read_data instead.
archive_read_data_into_fd A convenience function that repeatedly calls archive_read_data_block to copy the entire entry to the provided file descriptor.
archive_read_extract, archive_read_extract_set_skip_file A convenience function that wraps the corresponding archive_write_disk(3) interfaces. The first call to archive_read_extract creates a restore object using archive_write_disk_new(3) and archive_write_disk_set_standard_lookup(3), then transparently invokes archive_write_disk_set_options(3), archive_write_header(3), archive_write_data(3), and archive_write_finish_entry(3) to create the entry on disk and copy data into it. The flags argument is passed unmodified to archive_write_disk_set_options(3).
archive_read_extract2 This is another version of archive_read_extract that allows you to provide your own restore object. In particular, this allows you to override the standard lookup functions using archive_write_disk_set_group_lookup(3), and archive_write_disk_set_user_lookup(3). Note that archive_read_extract2 does not accept a flags argument; you should use archive_write_disk_set_options to set the restore options yourself.
archive_read_extract_set_progress_callback Sets a pointer to a user-defined callback that can be used for updating progress displays during extraction. The progress function will be invoked during the extraction of large regular files. The progress function will be invoked with the pointer provided to this call. Generally, the data pointed to should include a reference to the archive object and the archive_entry object so that various statistics can be retrieved for the progress display.
archive_read_close Complete the archive and invoke the close callback.
archive_read_finish Invokes archive_read_close if it was not invoked manually, then release all resources. Note: In libarchive 1.x, this function was declared to return void, which made it impossible to detect certain errors when archive_read_close was invoked implicitly from this function. The declaration is corrected beginning with libarchive 2.0.

Note that the library determines most of the relevant information about the archive by inspection. In particular, it automatically detects gzip(1) or bzip2(1) compression and transparently performs the appropriate decompression. It also automatically detects the archive format.

A complete description of the struct archive and struct archive_entry objects can be found in the overview manual page for libarchive(3).

CLIENT CALLBACKS

The callback functions must match the following prototypes:
typedef ssize_t
.Fo archive_read_callback struct archive * void *client_data const void **buffer
.Fc
typedef int
.Fo archive_skip_callback struct archive * void *client_data size_t request
.Fc
typedef int archive_open_callback struct archive * void *client_data
typedef int archive_close_callback struct archive * void *client_data

The open callback is invoked by archive_open. It should return ARCHIVE_OK if the underlying file or data source is successfully opened. If the open fails, it should call archive_set_error to register an error code and message and return ARCHIVE_FATAL.

The read callback is invoked whenever the library requires raw bytes from the archive. The read callback should read data into a buffer, set the const void **buffer argument to point to the available data, and return a count of the number of bytes available. The library will invoke the read callback again only after it has consumed this data. The library imposes no constraints on the size of the data blocks returned. On end-of-file, the read callback should return zero. On error, the read callback should invoke archive_set_error to register an error code and message and return -1.

The skip callback is invoked when the library wants to ignore a block of data. The return value is the number of bytes actually skipped, which may differ from the request. If the callback cannot skip data, it should return zero. If the skip callback is not provided (the function pointer is NULL ), the library will invoke the read function instead and simply discard the result. A skip callback can provide significant performance gains when reading uncompressed archives from slow disk drives or other media that can skip quickly.

The close callback is invoked by archive_close when the archive processing is complete. The callback should return ARCHIVE_OK on success. On failure, the callback should invoke archive_set_error to register an error code and message and return ARCHIVE_FATAL.

EXAMPLE

The following illustrates basic usage of the library. In this example, the callback functions are simply wrappers around the standard open(2), read(2), and close(2) system calls.
void
list_archive(const char *name)
{
  struct mydata *mydata;
  struct archive *a;
  struct archive_entry *entry;

mydata = malloc(sizeof(struct mydata)); a = archive_read_new(); mydata->name = name; archive_read_support_compression_all(a); archive_read_support_format_all(a); archive_read_open(a, mydata, myopen, myread, myclose); while (archive_read_next_header(a, &entry) == ARCHIVE_OK) { printf("%s\n",archive_entry_pathname(entry)); archive_read_data_skip(a); } archive_read_finish(a); free(mydata); }

ssize_t myread(struct archive *a, void *client_data, const void **buff) { struct mydata *mydata = client_data;

*buff = mydata->buff; return (read(mydata->fd, mydata->buff, 10240)); }

int myopen(struct archive *a, void *client_data) { struct mydata *mydata = client_data;

mydata->fd = open(mydata->name, O_RDONLY); return (mydata->fd >= 0 ? ARCHIVE_OK : ARCHIVE_FATAL); }

int myclose(struct archive *a, void *client_data) { struct mydata *mydata = client_data;

if (mydata->fd > 0) close(mydata->fd); return (ARCHIVE_OK); }

RETURN VALUES

Most functions return zero on success, non-zero on error. The possible return codes include: ARCHIVE_OK (the operation succeeded), ARCHIVE_WARN (the operation succeeded but a non-critical error was encountered), ARCHIVE_EOF (end-of-archive was encountered), ARCHIVE_RETRY (the operation failed but can be retried), and ARCHIVE_FATAL (there was a fatal error; the archive should be closed immediately). Detailed error codes and textual descriptions are available from the archive_errno and archive_error_string functions.

archive_read_new returns a pointer to a freshly allocated struct archive object. It returns NULL on error.

archive_read_data returns a count of bytes actually read or zero at the end of the entry. On error, a value of ARCHIVE_FATAL, ARCHIVE_WARN, or ARCHIVE_RETRY is returned and an error code and textual description can be retrieved from the archive_errno and archive_error_string functions.

The library expects the client callbacks to behave similarly. If there is an error, you can use archive_set_error to set an appropriate error code and description, then return one of the non-zero values above. (Note that the value eventually returned to the client may not be the same; many errors that are not critical at the level of basic I/O can prevent the archive from being properly read, thus most I/O errors eventually cause ARCHIVE_FATAL to be returned.)

SEE ALSO

tar(1), archive(3), archive_util(3), tar(5)

HISTORY

The libarchive library first appeared in
.Fx 5.3 .

AUTHORS


.An -nosplit The libarchive library was written by
.An Tim Kientzle Aq kientzle@acm.org .

BUGS

Many traditional archiver programs treat empty files as valid empty archives. For example, many implementations of tar(1) allow you to append entries to an empty file. Of course, it is impossible to determine the format of an empty file by inspecting the contents, so this library treats empty files as having a special "empty" format.
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August 19, 2006 archive_read (3)

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