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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  - FPGETROUND (3)

NAME

fpgetround, fpsetround, fpsetprec, fpgetprec, fpgetmask, fpsetmask, fpgetsticky, fpresetsticky - IEEE floating point interface

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Implementation Notes
See Also
Caveats
History

SYNOPSIS


.In ieeefp.h

typedef enum {
        FP_RN,          /* round to nearest */
        FP_RM,          /* round down to minus infinity */
        FP_RP,          /* round up to plus infinity */
        FP_RZ           /* truncate */
} fp_rnd_t;

fp_rnd_t fpgetround void fp_rnd_t fpsetround fp_rnd_t direction

typedef enum {
        FP_PS,          /* 24 bit (single-precision) */
        FP_PRS,         /* reserved */
        FP_PD,          /* 53 bit (double-precision) */
        FP_PE           /* 64 bit (extended-precision) */
} fp_prec_t;

fp_prec_t fpgetprec void fp_prec_t fpsetprec fp_prec_t precision

#define fp_except_t     int
#define FP_X_INV        0x01    /* invalid operation */
#define FP_X_DNML       0x02    /* denormal */
#define FP_X_DZ         0x04    /* zero divide */
#define FP_X_OFL        0x08    /* overflow */
#define FP_X_UFL        0x10    /* underflow */
#define FP_X_IMP        0x20    /* (im)precision */
#define FP_X_STK        0x40    /* stack fault */

fp_except_t fpgetmask void fp_except_t fpsetmask fp_except_t mask fp_except_t fpgetsticky void fp_except_t fpresetsticky fp_except_t sticky

DESCRIPTION

The routines described herein are deprecated. New code should use the functionality provided by fenv(3).

When a floating point exception is detected, the exception sticky flag is set and the exception mask is tested. If the mask is set, then a trap occurs. These routines allow both setting the floating point exception masks, and resetting the exception sticky flags after an exception is detected. In addition, they allow setting the floating point rounding mode and precision.

The fpgetround function returns the current floating point rounding mode.

The fpsetround function sets the floating point rounding mode and returns the previous mode.

The fpgetprec function returns the current floating point precision.

The fpsetprec function sets the floating point precision and returns the previous precision.

The fpgetmask function returns the current floating point exception masks.

The fpsetmask function sets the floating point exception masks and returns the previous masks.

The fpgetsticky function returns the current floating point sticky flags.

The fpresetsticky function clears the floating point sticky flags and returns the previous flags.

Sample code which prevents a trap on divide-by-zero:

fpsetmask(~FP_X_DZ);
a = 1.0;
b = 0;
c = a / b;
fpresetsticky(FP_X_DZ);
fpsetmask(FP_X_DZ);

IMPLEMENTATION NOTES

The fpgetprec and fpsetprec functions provide functionality unavailable on many platforms. At present, they are implemented only on the i386 and amd64 platforms.

SEE ALSO

fenv(3), isnan(3)

CAVEATS

After a floating point exception and before a mask is set, the sticky flags must be reset. If another exception occurs before the sticky flags are reset, then a wrong exception type may be signaled.

HISTORY

These routines are based on SysV/386 routines of the same name.
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August 23, 1993 FPGETROUND (3)

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