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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  STRTOK_R (3)

NAME

strtok, strtok_r - string tokens

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
Description
Examples
See Also
Standards
Authors
Bugs

LIBRARY


.Lb libc

SYNOPSIS


.In string.h char * strtok char *str const char *sep char * strtok_r char *str const char *sep char **last

DESCRIPTION


.Bf -symbolic This interface is obsoleted by strsep(3).
.Ef

The strtok function is used to isolate sequential tokens in a null-terminated string, str. These tokens are separated in the string by at least one of the characters in sep. The first time that strtok is called, str should be specified; subsequent calls, wishing to obtain further tokens from the same string, should pass a null pointer instead. The separator string, sep, must be supplied each time, and may change between calls.

The implementation will behave as if no library function calls strtok.

The strtok_r function is a reentrant version of strtok. The context pointer last must be provided on each call. The strtok_r function may also be used to nest two parsing loops within one another, as long as separate context pointers are used.

The strtok and strtok_r functions return a pointer to the beginning of each subsequent token in the string, after replacing the token itself with a NUL character. When no more tokens remain, a null pointer is returned.

EXAMPLES

The following uses strtok_r to parse two strings using separate contexts:
char test[80], blah[80];
char *sep = "\\/:;=-";
char *word, *phrase, *brkt, *brkb;

strcpy(test, "This;is.a:test:of=the/string\\tokenizer-function.");

for (word = strtok_r(test, sep, &brkt); word; word = strtok_r(NULL, sep, &brkt)) { strcpy(blah, "blah:blat:blab:blag");

for (phrase = strtok_r(blah, sep, &brkb); phrase; phrase = strtok_r(NULL, sep, &brkb)) { printf("So far we’re at %s:%s\n", word, phrase); } }

SEE ALSO

memchr(3), strchr(3), strcspn(3), strpbrk(3), strrchr(3), strsep(3), strspn(3), strstr(3), wcstok(3)

STANDARDS

The strtok function conforms to -isoC. The strtok_r function conforms to -p1003.1-2001.

AUTHORS


.An Wes Peters , Softweyr LLC: <wes@softweyr.com>

Based on the
.Fx 3.0 implementation.

BUGS

The System V strtok, if handed a string containing only delimiter characters, will not alter the next starting point, so that a call to strtok with a different (or empty) delimiter string may return a non- NULL value. Since this implementation always alters the next starting point, such a sequence of calls would always return NULL.
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