Manual Reference Pages - BLACKHOLE (4)
MIB for manipulating behaviour in respect of refused SCTP, TCP, or UDP connection
.Cd sysctl net.inet.sctp.blackhole Ns Op = Ns Brq 0 | 1 | 2
.Cd sysctl net.inet.tcp.blackhole Ns Op = Ns Brq 0 | 1 | 2
.Cd sysctl net.inet.udp.blackhole Ns Op = Ns Brq 0 | 1
MIB is used to control system behaviour when connection requests
are received on SCTP, TCP, or UDP ports where there is no socket listening.
The blackhole behaviour is useful to slow down an attacker who is port-scanning
a system in an attempt to detect vulnerable services.
It might also slow down an attempted denial of service attack.
Setting the SCTP blackhole MIB to a numeric value of one
will prevent sending an ABORT packet in response to an incoming INIT.
A MIB value of two will do the same, but will also prevent sending an ABORT packet
when unexpected packets are received.
Normal behaviour, when a TCP SYN segment is received on a port where
there is no socket accepting connections, is for the system to return
a RST segment, and drop the connection.
The connecting system will
see this as a
By setting the TCP blackhole
MIB to a numeric value of one, the incoming SYN segment
is merely dropped, and no RST is sent, making the system appear
as a blackhole.
By setting the MIB value to two, any segment arriving
on a closed port is dropped without returning a RST.
This provides some degree of protection against stealth port scans.
Enabling blackhole behaviour turns off the sending
of an ICMP port unreachable message in response to a UDP datagram which
arrives on a port where there is no socket listening.
It must be noted that this behaviour will prevent remote systems from running
to a system.
The SCTP, TCP, and UDP blackhole features should not be regarded as a replacement
for firewall solutions.
Better security would consist of the
MIB used in conjunction with one of the available firewall packages.
This mechanism is not a substitute for securing a system.
It should be used together with other security mechanisms.
The TCP and UDP
first appeared in
.Fx 4.0 .
MIB first appeared in
.Fx 9.1 .
.An Geoffrey M. Rehmet
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