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Manual Reference Pages  -  OSCAM.SERVER (5)


oscam.server - reader configuration file for OSCam


Cache Exchange


The server configuration file for OSCam contains reader parameters. sections in oscam.server are recurring (more than one reader possible). At least one [reader] section is required.


    The [reader] section

label = name

name for reader, required

enable = 0|1

0 = deactivate reader, default:1

description = text

description of reader, default:none

protocol = reader protocol

reader protocol, required:


device = [<readertype>;]serial:serialnum|bus:device|

define local or remote reader

readertype: set reader type

SR: Smartreader+ (default)
Infinity: Infinity USB
TripleP1: Smargo Triple Reader port 1
TripleP2: Smargo Triple Reader port 2
TripleP3: Smargo Triple Reader port 3

bus:device: bus name and device name of the Smartreader+ or
Infinity USB (get the names with lsusb ’Bus’
and ’Device’)

serialnum: serial number of reader of the Smartreader+ or
Infinity USB

device: device name

device:slot: device name and slot number sc8in1 [1-8]
(only one SC8in1 reader supported)

ip|hostname: IP address or host name

port: TCP/IP port

lport: remapping to local TCP/IP port

gboxpport: UDP port for remote gbox peer

PCSC: number of PCSC reader, starting with 0

0|1: for Coolstream HD-1 STB only: select reader 0 or
reader 1

constantcw: constant CW file name

constant CW file format:
o standard format

CAID:Provider ID:Service ID:PMT ID:ECM PID::key (16 Bytes seperated by spaces)

example: 1234:123456:1234:2345:3456::00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 0A 0B 0C 0D 0E 0F

o extended OScam format

CAID:Provider ID:Service ID:PMT ID:ECM PID:Video PID:key (16 Bytes seperated by spaces)

example: 1234:123456:1234:2345:3456:7890:00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 0A 0B 0C 0D 0E 0F

detect = [!]CD|[!]DSR|[!]CTS|[!]RING|[!]NONE|[!]gpio[1-7]

status detect of card, NONE = no detection, ! = inverse, default:CD

cardmhz = mhz

set standard SC frequency in units of 10 kHz, for Irdeto SC set to 600 mhz, for Dreambox DM800 / DM8000 set to 2700 mhz, for Dreambox DM7025 set to 8300 mhz, for older PowerPC Dreambox STBs set to 3150 mhz, refer to OVERCLOCKING, default:357

mhz = frequency

set reader frequency in units of 10 kHz, if mhz > cardmhz you are in overclocking mode. For Smargo readers and Dreambox internal readers frequency will be set by ATR if autospeed is set to 1, default:357

autospeed = 0|1

1 = sets mhz according to ATR. Currently only used for smartreader, Smargo and Dreambox internal protocol, other readers will be adapted to use this parameter as well. If You wan’t to overclock you’re card set it to 0, default:1

deprecated = 0|1

First the SC will be initialized in normal mode. If it fails, the SC will be automatically reverted to deprecated mode, so that the SC speed will not be changed and the communication will remain on normal ATR speed of 9600 baud.

1 = use deprecated SC mode only, default:0

mode = mode

set card init mode for AzBox internal reader, default:none

smargopatch = 0|1

1 = enable workaround for Smartreader+ reader until native mode works, default:0

sc8in1_dtrrts_patch = 0|1

1 = enable fix for SC8in1/MCR DTR/RTS kernel bug, default:0

use_gpio = 0|1

1 = use GPIO to init the reader. This needs to be set on WRT54G router, default:0

ins2e06 = payload

add check control for pin payload (4 hex bytes) for NDS Videoguard 2 SCs, valid for physical readers only, default:none

ins7e = payload

add 26 hex-bytes payload for NDS Videoguard 2 SCs, valid for physical readers only, default:none

ins7e11 = TA1 byte

set TA1 byte for NDS Videoguard 2 SCs, valid for physical readers only, default:none

fix07 = 0|1

1=enable 0x07 fix for NDS Videoguard 2 SCs, valid for physical readers only, default:1

force_irdeto = 0|1

1 = force Irdeto SC mode even if RSA key is set for Irdeto tunnled Nagravion SC, default:0

nagra_read = 0|1|2

read Nagravison records (on NCMED SCs only):

0 = disabled (default)
1 = read all records with expired rights
2 = read records with valid rights only

rsakey = RSA key

RSA key for Nagravision/Tiger SCs, CAM key data for Irdeto SCs, Conax SCs, default:none

deskey = DES key

DES key for Viaccess SCs post-processing, default:none

boxkey = box key

box key for Nagravision SCs / CAM key for Irdeto SCs

pincode = pincode

pincode for Conax, Cryptoworks and Viaccess SCs, default:none

fix9993 = 0|1

1 = enable fix for 9993 error with CAID 0919 Videoguard SCs, default:0

readtiers = 0|1|2

method to get tiers of NDS Videoguard SCs:

0 = disabled (default)
1 = ins70 method
2 = ins76 method

boxid = NDS box ID

NDS receiver box id

ndsversion = 0|1|12|2

set NDS Videoguard version

0 = autodetection (default)
1 = NDS Videoguard 1
12 = NDS Videoguard 1+
2 = NDS Videoguard 2

aeskeys = CAID #0@provid:AES key #0 CAID #0[,AES key #1 CAID #0],...[;CAID #1@provid:AES key #0 CAID #1[,AES key #1 CAID #1],...]...

multiple 16 bytes AES keys for Viaccess SCs (the used postprocessing AES key is specified through the D2 nano of the ECM)

special AES keys:

00 = do not return any CW, no AES key specified
FF = return CW received from the S, no AES key specified


aeskeys = 0500@012345:000102030405060708090a0b0c0d0e0f;0500@543210:000102030405060708090a0b0c0d0e0f,0,0f0e0d0c0b0a090807060504030201

key = DES key

key for newcamd remote reader encryption

user = name

user for remote reader

password = password

password for remote reader

mg-encrypted = D: { <IP|hostname> { <local port> <remote port> { <password> { <level> <level> }}}}[,<local MAC address>]

mgcamd encrypted gbox line, default MAC address = eth0

services = [!]services[,[!]<services>]...

reader [de]assignment to service group, default=none

caid = <CAID>[&<mask>][:<target CAID>][,<CAID>[&<mask>][:target <CAID>]]...

define and mapping of CAIDs for reader, default:all CAIDs with mask FFFF

example: caid = 0100
caid = 0200&ffee:0300
caid = 0400&ff00:0500,0600
caid = 0702,0722
caid = 0702&ffdf (shortcut for the example above)

ident = <CAID>:<provid>[,provid]...[;<CAID>:<provid>[,provid]...]...

set CAID and SC specific ident for reader

example: ident = 0100:123456,234567;0200:345678,456789

class = [!]class[,[!]class]...

set SC specific class in hex for reader

example: class = 01,02,!1b,!2b

chid = CAID:ChID

set SC specific ChIDs for reader, default:none

example: chid = 0100:12

group = 1..64[,1..64]...

reader assingment to groups, default:none, required

audisabled = 0|1

1 = exclude reader from auto AU, default:0

auprovid = provider ID

set provider ID to use the right reader for auto AU

example: auprovid = 123456

disableserverfilter = 0|1

1 = ignore caid and provid settings of reader due faulty clients, default:0

inactivitytimeout = seconds

inactivity timeout for all TCP based remote readers, -1 = reconnect on network failure for newcamd, even in idle, default:0

reconnecttimeout = seconds

reconnect if missing answers from a remote reader, default:30

reconnectdelay = milli-seconds

set maximum TCP connection block delay, default:60000

connectoninit = 0|1

1 = allow newcamd connections to be established on startup although there isn’t a request yet, default:0

keepalive = 0|1

1 = allow cs378x TCP socket to be always connected, default:0. Always on if cacheex reader type.

fallback = 0|1

1 = define reader as fallback, standard and fallback reader must have the same group, default:0

fallback_percaid = <CAID>[:<ident>[,ident]]...[;<CAID>[:<ident>[,ident]]...]....

use reader as fallback for defined CAIDs only, two-digit wildcard CAIDs are possible, fallback_percaid overrules fallback, default:none

example: fallback_percaid = 1234:234567;89;10:345678

emmcache = usecache,rewrite,logging

set EMM cache of local reader:

usecache = 0|1||2

0 = EMM caching disabeld (default)
1 = enable EMM caching and save EMMs to file after
stopping OSCam
2 = enable EMM caching, don’t save EMMs to file
after stopping OSCam

rewrite = determines how often one and the same EMM is
written, default:0

logging = EMM logging mask:

0 = EMM logging disabled (default)
1 = logging EMM errors
2 = logging written EMMs
4 = logging skipped EMMs
8 = logging blocked EMMs
16 = logging disabled AU

example: emmcache = 1,3,2

cacheex = 0|1|2|3

set cache exchange mode

0: disable cache exchange mode (default)
1: enable cache exchange pull mode
2: enable cache exchange push mode for camd 3.5x / 3.57x and CCcam
3: enable reverse cache exchange push mode for camd 3.5x / 3.57x
and CCcam protocol

Identical cache exchange modes must be set on local OSCam server and remote OSCam user asccount.

Please consider memory consumption.

cacheex_maxhop = hops

define maximum hops for cache exchange, default=10

csp_ecm_filter = [caid][&mask][@provid][$servid],n

cache exchange incoming ECM filter setting (mode 2 only) for Cardservproxy, default:none

cacheex_drop_csp = 0|1

1 = drop incoming Cardservproxy cache (mode 2 only), detection is zero ecmd5, default:0

cacheex_allow_request = 0|1

1 = allow incoming ECM request (mode 2), default:1

cacheex_allow_filter = 0|1

1 = allow cache exchange filter (for cache exchange mode 2 only), default:1

cacheex_block_fakecws = 0|1

1 = enable fake DCWs blocking (for cache exchange mode 2 only), get fake DCWs form oscam.fakecws, default:0

ecmwhitelist = [CAID[@provid]:]length[,length]...[;[CAID[@provid]:]length[,length]...]...

set valid ECM length per CAID and provid in hex, default:none,provid=000000

example: ecmwhitelist = 10,20,0a,0b
ecmwhitelist = 0100:10,20;0200@123456:0a,4b

In normal operation mode this parameter is not required.

ecmheaderwhitelist = [CAID[@provid]:]header[,header]...[;[CAID[@provid]:]header[,header]...]...

set vaild ECM header per CAID and provid in hex, default:none,provid=000000

ratelimitecm = count

number of different SIDs in ECMs allowed for an interval, default:0

ecmnotfoundlimit = count

number of ECMs with "not found" answer until the reader will be restarted, 0 = no limit, default:0

resetcycle = count

number of ECMs until SC reset is performed, 0 = disabled, valid for physical readers only, default:0

ratelimitseconds = seconds

interval for rate limit, default:0

ecmunique = 0|1

1 = enable check for matching ECM hash in ratelimit slot , default:0

srvidholdseconds = seconds

time to keep service ID in ratelimit slot, during this time checkeding for ecmunique is disbaled, default:0

cooldown = delay,duration

define cooldown:

delay: delay in seconds for which the reader is allowed to do
more ECM requests than defined by ecmratelimit,
default: none

duration: duration in seconds the reader needs to cooldown,

ratelimitecm and ratelimitseconds are required

blocknano = nano[,nano]...|all

list of EMM-nanos to block (in hex w/o 0x) or all EMM-nanos, valid for physical readers only, default:none

example: blocknano = 45,93,7a,ff
blocknano = all

blockemm-u = 0|1

1 = block unique EMMs, default:0

blockemm-s = 0|1

1 = block shared EMMs, default:0

blockemm-g = 0|1

1 = block global EMMs, default:0

blockemm-unknown = 0|1

1 = block unknown types of EMMs, default:0

blockemm-bylen = [length range,length range]...

block all types of EMMs by length, default:none

example: blockemm-bylen = 1-10,11-

read_old_classes = 0|1 (Viaccess SCs only)

0 = read only active entitlements 1 = read all entitlements (default)

saveemm-u = 0|1

1 = save unique EMMs to log file, default:0

saveemm-s = 0|1

1 = save shared EMMs to log file, default:0

saveemm-g = 0|1

1= save global EMMs to log file, default:0

saveemm-unknown = 0|1

1 = save unknown types of EMMs to log file, default:0

savenano = nano[,nano]....|all (obsolete)

list of EMM-nanos to save (in hex w/o 0x) or all EMM-nanos, only valid for physical readers, default:none

example: savenano = 45,93,7a,ff
savenano = all

readnano = [path]filename

write file (usually a copy of a file saved by savenano) to your smartcard, if no path is specified, the specified file is searched for in the configuration directory, only valid for physical readers, default:none

example: readnano = write.emm
readnano = /var/oscam/write.emm

dropbadcws = 0|1

1 = reject bad CWs, send "not found" instead of bad CWs, default:0

disablecrccws = 0|1

1 = disable CRC for CW, default: 0

In normal operation mode this parameter is not required. Parameter is incompatible with DVB standard.

ident = <CAID1>[:<ident1>[,<ident2>]...][;<CAID2>[:<ident3>[,<ident4>]...]]...

use this reader as local in loadbalancer’s reader selection, default:none

lb_whitelist_services = <services>,<services>...

reader assignement to service group for channels which may never be blocked by the loadbalancer to the reader , default=none

lb_weight = weight

the higher the value the higher the probability for reader selection in load balacing mode, default:100

It’s an divider for the average responstime.

lb_force_fallback = 0|1

1 = set the reader always as fallaback for load balacing without considering the reader’s statistics, default:0

cccversion = <main version>.<version>.<sub version>

set CCcam version, default:none

example: cccversion = 1.2.34

cccmaxhops = hops

set CCcam maximum SC distance hops, default:10

-1 = disabled
0 = remote local SCs only
1 = remote local SCs and + 1 hop
2 = remote local SCs and + 2 hops
and so on

After reading this SC hop will be incremented by one.

ccchop = hop

set hop for non CCCam readers, default:0

cccreshare = hop

set reader’s CCcam reshare hop, default:0

-1 = reshare value off cccam in global config
0 = resharing for direct peer only
x = resharing for direct peer and share level x

cccwantemu = 0|1

1 = request to provide emu from CCCam server, too, default:0

ccckeepalive = 0|1

1 = send keepalive messages to keep connection to remote CCCam server up, default:0

cccreconnect = timeout

reconnect again after ECM request timeout in milli-seconds, default:4000

cccmindown = number

filters all readers with hops smaller than number, default:0

gbox_reshare = level

gbox reshare level of local cards, default:0

gbox_max_distance = distance

maximum distance to receive gbox peer cards, default:2

gbox_max_ecm_send = number

maximum of gbox peers ECMs will be send to, default:3

use_ssl = 0|1

1 = use SSL for ghttp protocol, default:0


o Dreambox and other internal readers

For Dreambox and other internal readers the highest possible clockrate will be auto detected. The mhz parameter lets you override the values chosen by OSCam, if it differs from 357 and 358, but usually you will not set any value for mhz.

For certain Dreamboxes (especially PPC clones) the default mhz parameter leads to slow ECM times and/or "not found" ECMs. By setting mhz to values like 200, 300, 400, ... 1600 you can find a value that works for your receiver and your card. The higher the mhz value, the slower the ECM time (strange enough).

If you choose the value too low, your card is not recognized (no ATR or "card not supported"). If you choose the value too high, you get slow ECM times. Our experience is that either no mhz line, or a line mhz = 1000 works best.

o Phoenix / Smartmouse reader

Overclocking does not work with Windows and Mac OS X. Set mhz equivalent to the frequency of the reader. OSCam can not set the frequency of the reader.

o Smargo Smartreader+

Use protocol = smargo for the FDDI kernel drivers (no libusb needed) or (not recommended) use protocol = smartreader for OSCam’s driver implementation based on libusb.

Set the reader frequency with the native Smargo Smartreader+ tool (srp_tools). If not setting mhz and cardmhz, OSCam tries to set the baudrate automatically, according to the maximum speed indicated by ATR. Overclocking is possible.

OSCam tries to set the baudrate automatically. A standard serial port has limited baudrate settings, so SC overclocking might not work. When using a serial reader the best way for overclocking is connecting it to a FTDI based USB to serial port adapter.

If overclocking does not work, verify the effective baudrate in the logfile. If it deviates too much from the requested baudrate, the SC will not be recognized (no ATR) and the value for mhz should be adjusted again. The higher the baudrate, the more accurate the effective baudrate can be.


o pull mode (on request: cache exchange from remote to local OSCam)

ECM requests will be forwarded to the remote cache exchange partner. If the CW could not be found in the cache of the remote exchange partner, a not found will be answered. If the CW could not be found in the cache of the remote exchange partner but a pending ECM request is open, the request will be re-initiated after the wait time defined in cacheexwaittime.

o push mode (continuous: cache exchange from remote to local OSCam)

CWs from the remote cache exchange partner will be forwarded to the local cache. Forwarding only works while the camd camd 3.5x / 3.57x or CCcam protocol connection between the local and remote OSCam has been established.

o reverse push mode (continuous: cache exchange from local to remote OSCam)

CWs from the local cache will be forwarded to the remote cache exchange partner. Forwarding only works while the camd camd 3.5x / 3.57x or CCcam protocol connection between the remote and local OSCam has been established.


o serial mouse compatible reader

label = myserialmousereader
detect = cd
protocol = mouse
device = /dev/ttyS1
group = 1
caid = 0100
services = myservice,!thisservice

o USB mouse compatible reader

label = myusbmousereader
detect = cd
protocol = mouse
device = /dev/ttyUSB0
aeskey = 0102030405060708090a0b0c0d0e0f10
group = 2
caid = 0200

o camd 3.78x reader

label = mycamd378xreader
protocol = cs378x
device =,1234
user = user1
password = password1
group = 3

o newcamd reader

label = mynewcamdreader
protocol = newcamd
key = 0102030405060708091011121314
device =,2345
user = user2
password = password2
group = 4

o CCcam reader

label = mycccamreader
protocol = cccam
device =,3456
user = user3
password = password3
group = 5
caid = 0300,0400,0500
cccversion = 1.2.3

o PCSC reader

label = mypcscreader
protocol = pcsc
device = 0
aeskey = 0102030405060708090a0b0c0d0e0f10
group = 6
caid = 0600

o Smargo Smartreader+

label = mysmartreader
protocol = smartreader
device = 001:002
aeskey = 0102030405060708090a0b0c0d0e0f10
group = 7
caid = 0700

o internal reader

label = myinternalreader
protocol = internal
device = /dev/sci0
group = 8
caid = 0800

o sc8in1 reader

label = mysc8in1reader
protocol = sc8in1
device = /dev/ttyUSB0:1
group = 9
caid = 0900

o constant CW

label = myconstantcw
protocol = constcw
device = /var/keys/
group = 10

o gbox reader

label = mygboxreader
protocol = gbox
device =,45678,56789
user = user4
password = password4
group = 11
caid = 1100


list_smargo(1), oscam(1),, oscam.cacheex(5), oscam.cert(5), oscam.conf(5), oscam.dvbapi(5), oscam.fakecws(5), oscam.guess(5), oscam.ird(5), oscam.provid(5), oscam.ratelimit(5),, oscam.srvid(5), oscam.srvid2(5), oscam.tiers(5), oscam.user(5), oscam.whitelist(5)
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