spellcast window is divided into seven sections.
The text window
This is a large rectangle in the upper left side of the window.
It describes what happens in the duel, blow by blow. There is
a scroll bar on the left side of the text window.
The gesture history list
This is several columns of small squares in the upper right side
of the window -- one pair of columns for each player. The players
names are listed at the tops of the columns.
Each column lists the recent gestures made by each players
left and right hands. The most recent gestures are at the bottom;
as more turns pass, the columns scroll upwards. Each square may
show a spell-gesture, a knife stab, or no gesture (an empty square).
There may also be a disruption icon, indicating that an anti-spell
has interrupted that wizards gestures at that point,
or a fog icon, indicating
that you could not see that gesture (because
of blindness, for example.)
Note that everyones columns in the history list do not necessarily
scroll at the same rate. If one player makes extra gestures (because
of a time-stop or haste), his column will scroll up extra spaces.
Do not assume that gestures that appear to be lined up actually were
performed at the same time.
You also use the gesture history list to enter your gestures. At the
beginning of each turn, the bottom (most recent) gestures in your
column will be empty. (The bottom gestures in your opponents
column will be fogged, since you cannot see his gestures until you
both finish choosing.) If you move the mouse into one of your
bottom gesture squares, and hold down the left mouse button,
a pop-up menu will appear, listing the possible gestures with that
hand. When you have chosen gestures for both hands, press
the "End Move" button.
The status window
This is the small window just below the gesture columns. It lists
the name and status of every living being in the arena. Your name is
at the top; your opponents names are on successive lines. Names of
monsters are indented, and listed below the wizards who
control them. (Monsters who are uncontrolled are indented and
listed at the top of the status window -- this occurs mostly in
three-player game where a wizard has summoned a monster and
then died.) There is a scroll bar on the window, in case you manage
to have more beings than will fit.
After each name is the number of hit points that being has left.
After that, there may be some letters indicating that certain spells
are in effect:
H: resistant to heat
C: resistant to cold
P: protection from evil
This is a narrow window, one line tall, below the status window.
Anything you type will appear here (the cursor need not be in the
speech window.) When you hit
Return, the message you have typed will appear in each players text
The common Emacs editing keys will work:
ctrl-F, ctrl-B, Delete, ctrl-A, ctrl-E, ctrl-K.
Spell List button
This is a button labelled "Spell List", underneath the text window.
If you press and hold the mouse button on this button, a pop-up
window will appear, listing all the spells and the gestures that
If you use the left mouse button, the spell list will be sorted by
gesture. If you use the middle mouse button, the list will be sorted
alphabetically by spell name. If you use the right mouse button, the
list will be sorted by the
reversed gesture sequence -- all the spells that
end with a clap, then all the spells that end with a digit, and so forth.
This is useful for looking up your opponents gestures to see what
he might be producing.
End Move / End Answers button
This is a button labelled "End Move", underneath the text window.
You should click it when you are finished entering your gestures at
the start of the turn. If the button changes to read "Move ENDED",
then you should wait for your opponent to finish entering his gestures.
When the last player presses the "End Move" button, the game will
determine which players need to make decisions (about spell targets
or other matters.) The decisions you need to make will be listed in
the questions window below, and the "End Move" button will
change to read "End Answers". When you are finished answering,
press the button, and it will change to "Answers ENDED".
If at any time the button reads "please wait...", then you have nothing
to do but wait. (This may be because there are no decisions you have
to make this turn, or because your opponent is taking an extra turn
because of a time stop or something similar.) When your opponent
is finished, he will click his "End" button and the game will proceed.
When the duel is over, this button will change to say "Quit". When all
players have pressed it, the windows will be removed and the program
This is the wide rectangle at the bottom of the screen. Whenever the
game has decisions for you to make, it will put them in this window,
one per line. (There is a scroll bar, in case there are more questions
than lines.) Move the cursor onto a question and hold down the mouse
button to get a pop-up menu listing the possible answers.
You must have answers to all the questions before you click the "End
In some cases, there will be default answers already listed. You may
change the answer or leave it alone.
Spells are created by sequences of gestures made with the hands.
There are five single-handed gestures: the fingers spread "F",
the palm facing forward, "P", the snap "S", the wave "W" and the
"D". Some spells use two-handed gestures, which must be done
simultaneously with both hands to be valid. The most common
two-handed gesture is the clap "(c", but the double digit "(d", double
wave "(w", and double snap "(s" are also used.
The other things which can be done with the hand are
the non-gestures: the knife stab "k" and nothing " ".
(In the game, the gestures are represented by images of the hands in
the various positions. The single-letter and parenthesis-letter
abbreviations are used only to make this man page readable.)
To cast a spell,
gestures are put in an order characteristic of a spell. A list of
spells (including the gestures needed for them) is given later.
For example, 3 finger gestures on consecutive turns (F-F-F)
initiates a paralysis spell. The uniqueness of the game, however, is
that gestures can be made to operate in more than one spell, provided
a) the gestures have been made in the correct sequence without
b) not more than one spell is created per gesture;
c) all gestures for one spell are made with the same hand.
the left hand could cast the F-F-F above and could be followed by
S-S-D-D in the next 4 turns to finish off a fireball spell
(F-S-S-D-D) as the last 5 gestures are those associated with that
spell. Another alternative is to simply perform another F for a second
paralysis spell, as the last 3 gestures are still F-F-F. Thus, it is
apparent that if spells are used in a wise manner and overlap a lot,
the overall number of gestures needed to cast them can be cut quite
If a gesture can be construed to create two or more spells then
the caster must choose which one he wants to use. For example,
the last two
gestures of a finger of death are the same as missile, yet only on
odd occasions would the latter be used. Another example of the
one-spell-per-gesture concept is the following:
Right hand: P P W S Last 4 gestures form invisibility
Left hand: W W W S Last 3 gestures form counter-spell
The trouble here is the invisibility spell needs both hands
to perform certain gestures. However, since the final S of the left
hand cannot complete two spells it is clear that a choice must be made
between the W-W-S of the counter-spell and the P-P-(w-(s of the
The caster must choose one spell if the gestures are completed in the
correct sequence. Most spells can be shot off to nowhere if not
required, but some cannot be; for example, fire storm, which gets you
no matter where it is released. Some of the larger spells have smaller
ones incorporated within.
Spells can be aborted any way along their development simply
by performing a gesture with the hand doing the spell which is not one
needed for that spell. There is no penalty, save having wasted some
time. Note that no spells contain "stab", "nothing", or "C" (half of a
clap) and consequently after pursuing one of
these alternatives, any spell must start from scratch. Note also that
wizards only have one dagger each, so they cannot stab
with both hands at the
same time (although they can change hands for stabbing without wasting
time.) Such are the disadvantages of physical violence...
Certain spells cancel each other if they take effect
simultaneously. An obvious example is finger of death and raise
dead. Cancellation occurs when the subject for the spells concerned
is the same person, although there are some of the heat versus cold
variety which dont care who is the subject. Other spells which cancel
harmlessly are mostly the enchantments, which direct that something be
done which may be impossible to obey due to some contradiction (e.g.
you cannot both repeat last turns gestures and give a random gesture
with one hand, as you would if the subject of the spells amnesia
and confusion at once).
Since spells detonate simultaneously, there is occasionally
confusion over spells which dont cancel, yet which seem to depend on
which happened first. The best example is when a monster is created
and, on the same turn, hit by a fireball, or something else
sufficient to kill it. Since both are simultaneous, the monster will
attack that turn whilst being destroyed. (There are some exceptions
explicitly mentioned, for example ice elementals in ice storm,
or counter-spell / dispel magic against all other spells.)
Another example of a seeming
conflict is when someone who is resistant to fire is the subject of
both a remove enchantment and fireball; the enchantment is removed
as the fireball explodes (since they are simultaneous) hence the poor
victim is fried. If, instead, he were not resistant to fire and was hit
by a resist fire and fireball at once, then he would start to
resist fire as the fireball exploded and thus be saved.
Before the battle commences, the referee casts a dispel
magic followed by an anti-spell at each of the wizards. This is so
that they cannot commence gesturing prematurely. Thus being
fire in your last battle doesnt do you any good in the next.
There now follows, in four sections, a list of the spells which may be cast.
This spell protects the subject from all attacks from monsters (that
is, creatures created by a summoning spell), from missile spells,
and from stabs by wizards. The shield lasts for that turn only, but
one shield will cover all such attacks made against the subject that
If the subject of this spell is currently being affected by any of the
spells in the "enchantments" section, or if spells
from that section are cast at him at the same time as the remove
enchantment, then all such spells terminate immediately (although their
effect for that turn might already have passed.) For example, the
victim of a blindness spell would not be able to see what his
opponents gestures were on the turn that his sight is restored by
a remove enchantment. Note that the remove enchantment affects
all enchantments whether the caster wants them to
all go or not. A second effect of the spell is to destroy any monster
upon which it is cast, although the monster can attack in that turn.
Any spell cast at the subject of this spell is reflected back at the
caster of that spell for that turn only. This includes spells
like missile and lightning bolt but does not include attacks by
monsters already in existence, or stabs from wizards. Note that
certain spells are cast by wizards usually upon themselves (e.g.
spells from this section and the "Summons" section); the mirror
has no effect on these spells.
It is countered totally, with no effect
whatsoever, if the subject is the simultaneous subject of either
a counter-spell or dispel magic. It has no effect on spells which
affect more than one person, such as fire storm. Two mirrors cast
at someone simultaneously combine to form a single mirror.
If a spell is reflected from a mirror back at a wizard who
also has a mirror, the spell bounces back and forth until it falls apart.
Any other spell cast upon the subject in the same turn has no effect
whatever. In the case of blanket-type spells, which affect more than one
person, the subject of the counter-spell alone is protected. For
example, a fire storm spell would not affect a wizard if that wizard
was simultaneously the subject of a counter-spell, but everyone
else would be affected as usual (unless they had their own protection.)
The counter-spell will cancel all the spells cast at the subject for
that turn, including remove enchantment and magic mirror, but
not dispel magic or finger of death. It will combine with another
spell of its own type for the same effect as if it were alone.
The counter-spell will also act as a shield on its subject,
in addition to its other properties.
The spell has two alternative gesture
sequences, either of which may be used at any time.
This spell acts as a combination of counter-spell and remove
enchantment, but its effects are universal rather than limited to the
subject of the spell. It will stop any spell cast in the same turn
from working (apart from another dispel magic spell which combines
with it for the same result), and will remove all enchantments from
all beings before they have effect. In addition, all monsters are
destroyed, although they can attack that turn. Counter-spells
and magic mirrors have no effect. Like the counter-spell, it
also acts as a shield for its subject. Dispel magic will not dispel
stabs or surrenders, since they are not spells (although
the shield effect may block a stab.)
The subject of this spell is usually a recently dead
human or monster corpse (it will not work on elementals, which
dissipate when destroyed.)
When the spell is cast, life is instilled back into the corpse and any
damage which it has sustained is cured until the owner is back to his
usual state of health. A remove enchantment effect is also manifest
so any diseases or poisons will be neutralized (plus any other
The subject will be able to act as normal immediately, so that next
turn he can gesture, fight, etc. If the subject is a monster, it will
be under the control of the wizard who raised it, and it will be able
to attack that turn.
If the spell is cast on a live individual,
the effect is that of a cure wounds recovering 5 points of
damage, or as many as have been sustained if less than 5. In this
case, diseases, poisons, and other enchantments are
This is the
only spell which affects corpses properly; therefore, it cannot be
stopped by a counter-spell, since counter-spell can only be
cast on living beings. A dispel magic
spell will stop it, since that affects all spells no matter what
their subject. Once alive the subject is treated as normal.
Cure light wounds:
If the subject has received damage then he is cured by 1 point as if
that point had not been inflicted. (Recall that all spells are resolved
simultanously; if a wizard is suffers his 15th point of damage at the
same time as he is affected by cure light wounds, he will remain
alive with 14 points of damage at the end of the turn.) The
effect is not removed by a dispel magic or remove enchantment.
Cure heavy wounds:
This spell is the same as cure light wounds for its effect, but 2
points of damage are cured instead of 1, or only 1 if only 1 had been
sustained. A side effect is that the spell will also cure a
disease. (Note that raise dead on a live individual wont).
This spell creates a goblin under the control of the wizard upon whom
the spell is cast. The goblin can attack
immediately and its victim can be any any wizard or other monster the
The goblin does 1 point of damage to its victim per turn and is destroyed
after 1 point of damage is inflicted upon it.
This spell is the same as summon goblin, but the ogre created
inflicts and is destroyed by 2 points of damage rather than 1.
This spell is the same as summon goblin, but the troll created
inflicts and is destroyed by 3 points of damage rather than 1.
This spell is the same as summon goblin, but the giant created
inflicts and is destroyed by 4 points of damage rather than 1.
This spell creates either a fire elemental or an ice elemental, at the
discretion of the wizard upon whom the spell is cast (after he has seen
all the gestures made that turn.)
Elementals must be cast at someone and cannot be "shot off"
harmlessly at some inanimate object. The elemental will, for that turn
and until destroyed, attack everyone (including its owner, and other
monsters), causing 3 points of damage per turn. Only wizards and
monsters who are resistant to the elementals element (heat or cold),
or who have a shield or a spell with a shield effect, are safe.
takes 3 points of damage to be killed but may be destroyed by spells
of the opposite type (e.g. fire storm, resist cold or fireball
will kill an ice elemental), and will also neutralize the cancelling
spell. Elementals will not attack on the turn they are destroyed by
such a spell. An elemental will also be engulfed and destroyed by a
storm of its own type but, in such an event, the storm is not
neutralized although the elemental still does not attack in that turn.
Two elementals of the opposite type will also destroy each other before
attacking, and two of the same type will join together to form a single
elemental of normal strength. If there are two opposite storms and an
elemental, or two opposite elementals and one or two storms, all
storms and elementals cancel each other out.
This spell creates a material object of hard substance which is hurled
towards the subject of the spell and causes him 1 point of damage. The
spell is thwarted by a shield in addition to the
usual counter-spell, dispel magic and magic mirror (the latter
causing it to hit whoever cast it instead).
Finger of Death:
Kills the subject stone dead. This spell is so powerful that it is
unaffected by a counter-spell, although a dispel magic spell cast
upon the final gesture will stop it. The usual way to prevent being
harmed by this spell is to disrupt it during casting -- using
an anti-spell, for example.
The subject of this spell is hit by a bolt of lightning and sustains 5
points of damage. Resistance to heat or cold is irrelevant. There are
two gesture combinations for the spell, but the shorter one may be used
only once per battle by any wizard. The longer one may
be used without restriction. A shield spell offers no defence.
Cause Light Wounds:
The subject of this spell is inflicted with 2 points of damage.
Resistance to heat or cold offers no defence. A simultaneous cure
light wounds does not cancel the spell; it only heals one of the points
of damage. A shield has no effect.
Cause Heavy Wounds:
This has the same effect as cause light wounds but inflicts 3 points
of damage instead of 2.
The subject of this spell is hit by a ball of fire, and sustains 5
points of damage unless he is resistant to fire. If at the same time
an ice storm prevails, the subject of the fireball is instead not
harmed by either spell, although the storm will affect others as
normal. If directed at an ice elemental, the fireball will destroy it
before it can attack.
Everything not resistant to heat sustains 5 points of damage that
turn. The spell cancels wholly, causing no damage, with either an ice
storm or an ice elemental. It will destroy but not be destroyed by a
fire elemental. Two fire storms act as one.
Everything not resistant to cold sustains 5 points of damage that
turn. The spell cancels wholly, causing no damage, with either a fire
storm or a fire elemental; it will cancel locally with a fireball, sparing
the subject of the fireball but nobody else.
It will destroy but not be destroyed by an ice elemental. Two ice
storms act as one.
If the subject of this spell is a wizard, next turn he must repeat
identically the gestures he made in the current turn,
including "nothing" and "stab" gestures.
If the subject is a monster it will attack whoever it attacked this
turn. If the subject is simultaneously the subject of any
of confusion, charm person, charm monster, paralysis or fear
then none of the spells work.
If the subject of this spell is a wizard, next turn one of his gestures will
be changed randomly. Either his left or his right hand (50% chance of
either) will perform a half-clap, palm, digit, fingers, snap, or wave
(chosen at random). (Recall that a one-handed clap is useless unless
the other hand also attempts to clap.)
If the subject of the spell is a monster, it attacks at
random that turn. If the subject is also the subject of any
of amnesia, charm person, charm monster, paralysis or fear,
none of the spells work.
Except for cancellation with other enchantments, this spell only
affects wizards. When the spell is cast, the caster tells the subject
which of his hands will be controlled; in the following turn, the
caster chooses the gesture he wants the subjects
chosen hand to perform. This could be a stab or nothing.
If the charm person spell reflects from a magic mirror back
at its caster, the subject
of the mirror assumes the role of caster and controls down his
opponents gesture. If the subject is also the subject of any
of amnesia, confusion, charm monster, paralysis or fear, none
of the spells work.
Except for cancellation with other enchantments, this spell only
affects monsters (but not elementals). Control of the monster is
transferred to the caster of the spell (or retained by him) as of this
turn; i.e., the monster will attack whosoever its new controller
dictates from that turn onwards including that turn. Further charms
are, of course, possible, transferring as before. If the subject of
the charm is also the subject of any of: amnesia, confusion, charm
person, fear or paralysis, none of the spells work.
If the subject of the spell is a wizard, then on the turn the spell is
cast, after gestures have been revealed, the caster selects one of the
wizards hands; on the next turn that hand is paralyzed into the
position it is in this turn. If the wizard already had a paralyzed
hand, it must be the same hand which is paralyzed again. Most
gestures remain the same (including "stab" and "nothing"),
but if the hand being paralyzed is performing
a C, S, or W it is instead paralyzed into F, D, or P respectively.
A favourite ploy is to continually paralyze a hand
(F-F-F-F-F-F etc.) into a non-P gesture and then set a monster on the
subject so that he has to use his other hand to protect himself, but
then has no defence against other magical attacks. If the subject of
the spell is a monster, it
simply does not attack in the turn following the one in which the
spell was cast. Elementals are unaffected.
If the subject of the spell is also the subject of any
of amnesia, confusion, charm person, charm monster or fear,
none of the spells work.
In the turn following the casting of this spell, the subject cannot
perform a C, D, F or S gesture with either hand. (He can stab,
however.) This obviously has no effect on
monsters. If the subject is also the subject
of amnesia, confusion, charm person, charm monster
or paralysis, then none of the spells work.
On the turn following the casting of this spell, the subject cannot
include any gestures made on or before this turn in a spell sequence
and must restart a new spell from the beginning of that spell
sequence. (This is marked by a special disruption icon interrupting
the subjects gesture history.)
The spell does not affect spells which are cast on the same
turn; nor does it affect monsters.
Protection from Evil:
For this turn and the following three turns, the subject of this spell is
protected as if using a shield spell, thus leaving both hands free.
Concurrent shield spells offer no further protection, and
compound protection from evil spells merely overlap
offering no extra cover.
The subject of this spell becomes permanently resistant to all forms of
heat attack (fireball, fire storm and fire elementals). Only dispel
magic or remove enchantment will terminate this resistance
once started (although a counter-spell will prevent it from working
if cast at the subject at the same time as this spell). A resist
heat cast directly on a fire elemental will destroy it before it can
attack that turn, but there is no effect on ice elementals.
The effects of this spell are identical to resist heat but
resistance is to cold (ice storm and ice elementals). It destroys
ice elementals if they are the subject of the spell, but doesnt affect
The subject of this spell immediately contracts a deadly
(non-contagious) disease which will kill him at the end of 6 turns
counting from the one upon which the spell is cast. The malady is
cured by remove enchantment, cure heavy wounds or dispel magic
in the meantime.
This is similar to the disease spell, except that cure heavy wounds
does not stop its effects.
For the next three turns (not including the one in which the spell was
cast), the subject is unable to see. If he is a wizard, he cannot tell
what his opponents gestures are, although he will sense what
spells are cast. If he tries to cast spells (or stab) at other beings,
he will miss. Blinded
monsters are instantly destroyed and cannot attack in that turn.
This spell is similar to blindness; the subject of the spell
becomes invisible to his opponent and his monsters. His gestures
cannot be seen, although his spells can. No other being can attack
or cast spells at him, with the exception of elementals.
Any monster made invisible is destroyed due to the unstable nature of
such magically created creatures.
For the next three turns, the subject is speeded up; wizards can make an
extra set of gestures, and monsters can make an extra attack.
For wizards, the effects of both sets of gestures are taken simultaneously
at the end of the turn. Thus a single counter-spell from his
adversary could cancel two spells cast by the hastened wizard on two
half-turns if the phasing is right. Non-hastened wizards and monsters
can see everything the hastened individual is doing. Hastened
monsters can change target in the extra turns if desired.
The subject of this spell immediately takes an extra turn, on which
no-one can see or know about unless they are harmed. All non-affected
beings have no resistance to any form of attack, e.g. a wizard halfway
through the duration of a protection from evil spell can be harmed
by a monster which has had its time stopped. Time-stopped monsters
attack whoever their controller instructs, and time-stopped elementals
affect everyone, resistance to heat or cold being immaterial in that
This spell must be cast upon a wizard. The next spell the subject
completes, provided it is in one of the next three turns, is
"banked" until needed -- i.e. it fails to work until its caster desires.
(If you have a spell banked, you will be asked each turn if you
want to release it.) Note that spells banked are those cast
by the subject, not those cast
at him. If
he casts more than one spell at the same time, he chooses which is to
be banked. Remember that P is a shield spell, and surrender is not a
spell. A wizard may only have one spell banked at any one time.
This spell must be upon a wizard. The next spell he
completes, provided it is in the next three turns, and which
falls into the category of "Enchantments" will have its effect made
(Exeptions: anti-spell, disease, poison, time-stop, delayed
effect, and permanency cannot be made permanent. Note that resist
heat and resist cold are inherently permanent enchantments.)
This means that the effect of the extended spell on the
first turn of its duration is repeated eternally. For example,
a confusion spell will produce the same gesture on the same hand
rather than changing randomly each turn; a charm person will
mean repetition of the chosen gesture,
etc. If the subject of the permanency casts more than one spell at
the same time eligible for permanency, he chooses which has its
duration extended. Note that the person who has his spell made
permanent does not necessarily have to make himself the subject of the
spell. If both a permanency and delayed effect are eligible for
the same spell to be banked or extended, a choice must be made;
whichever is not chosen will affect the next eligible spell instead.
This is not a spell; consequently, it cannot be cast at anyone, nor
can it be dispelled, counter-spelled, reflected off a mirror, or banked.
A wizard who makes two simultaneous P gestures,
irrespective of whether they terminate
spells or not, surrenders and the contest is over. The surrendering
wizard is deemed to have lost unless his gestures complete spells
which kill his opponent. Two simultaneous surrenders count as a
draw. It is a necessary skill for wizards to work their spells so that they
never accidentally perform two P gestures simultaneously. Wizards can
be killed as they surrender (if hit with appropriate spells or attacks)
but the "referees" will cure any diseases, poisons, etc.
immediately after the surrender for them.
This is not a spell, but an attack which can be directed at any
individual monster or wizard. Unless protected in that turn by
a shield spell or another spell with the same effect, the target
stabbed suffers 1 point of damage. The wizard only has one knife, so
can only stab with one hand in any turn, although which hand doesnt
matter. The stab cannot be reflected, counter-spelled, dispelled, or