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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  DSNIFF (8)

NAME

dsniff - password sniffer

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Options
Files
Author
Bugs

SYNOPSIS


dsniff [-c] [-d] [-m] [-n] [-i interface] [-s snaplen] [-f services] [-t trigger[,...]]] [-r|-w savefile] [expression]

DESCRIPTION

dsniff is a password sniffer which handles FTP, Telnet, SMTP, HTTP, POP, poppass, NNTP, IMAP, SNMP, LDAP, Rlogin, RIP, OSPF, PPTP MS-CHAP, NFS, VRRP, YP/NIS, SOCKS, X11, CVS, IRC, AIM, ICQ, Napster, PostgreSQL, Meeting Maker, Citrix ICA, Symantec pcAnywhere, NAI Sniffer, Microsoft SMB, Oracle SQL*Net, Sybase and Microsoft SQL protocols.

dsniff automatically detects and minimally parses each application protocol, only saving the interesting bits, and uses Berkeley DB as its output file format, only logging unique authentication attempts. Full TCP/IP reassembly is provided by libnids(3).

I wrote dsniff with honest intentions - to audit my own network, and to demonstrate the insecurity of cleartext network protocols. Please do not abuse this software.

OPTIONS

-c Perform half-duplex TCP stream reassembly, to handle asymmetrically routed traffic (such as when using arpspoof(8) to intercept client traffic bound for the local gateway).
-d Enable debugging mode.
-m Enable automatic protocol detection.
-n Do not resolve IP addresses to hostnames.
-i interface Specify the interface to listen on.
-s snaplen Analyze at most the first snaplen bytes of each TCP connection, rather than the default of 1024.
-f services Load triggers from a services file.
-t trigger[,...] Load triggers from a comma-separated list, specified as port/proto=service (e.g. 80/tcp=http).
-r savefile Read sniffed sessions from a savefile created with the -w option.
-w file Write sniffed sessions to savefile rather than parsing and printing them out.
expression Specify a tcpdump(8) filter expression to select traffic to sniff.
On a hangup signal dsniff will dump its current trigger table to dsniff.services.

FILES

/usr/local/lib/dsniff.services Default trigger table
/usr/local/lib/dsniff.magic Network protocol magic

SEE ALSO

arpspoof(8), libnids(3), services(5), magic(5)

AUTHOR

Dug Song <dugsong@monkey.org>

BUGS

dsniff’s automatic protocol detection feature is based on the classic file(1) command by Ian Darwin, and shares its historical limitations and bugs.
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