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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  PFSTAT (8)

NAME

pfstat - collect packet filter statistics and generate graphs

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Examples
See Also

SYNOPSIS

pfstat [-c config] [-d database] [-f file] [-r host[:port]] [-q] [-p] [-t-days[:days] ]

DESCRIPTION

The pfstat utility can query statistics from the packet filter device pf(4) and produce graphs from the collected data.

The options are as follows:
-q Query the current set of statistics from the packet filter and store it in the database. This is usually done from a crontab(5) like this:
* * * * * /usr/local/bin/pfstat -q

Note that without regular truncating (see below), the database will grow continually.

-r host[:port]
  Query the statistics from a remote host running pfstatd(8). Default is to query the local packet filter through the device special file /dev/pf, not requiring any running pfstatd(8).
-p Produce the configured set of graph images based on the statistics collected beforehand.
-t days:[days]
  Truncate the database, removing entries older than the specified number of days. The first value applies to uncompressed entries which constitute roughly 90 percent of the database, the second value to compressed entries. Uncompressed entries are needed only for high-resolution graphs over short time periods.

Assuming statistics are queried every I seconds, and a graph of width W pixels covering a time period of T seconds is generated, then uncompressed entries are only used when T/I < W*10.

In other words, removing uncompressed entries earlier than compressed ones drastically reduces the database size. Graphs can be generated over the entire time range the compressed entries cover (monthly or yearly graphs), and high resolution graphs over short time periods in the recent past don’t lose any precision. The precision is gradually lost for older periods.

A typical invokation would be

pfstat -t 31:365

This removes uncompressed entries older than a month and compressed entries older than a year, allowing generation of graphs up to one year into the past, while keeping full precision for one month.

Note that truncating the database does not usually shrink the size of the database file. Removed entries are only marked as deleted and their space is later reused for new entries.

-f file Copy the database into a new file, skipping removed and invalid entries. This operation takes longer than truncating, but produces a smaller database file. This can also be used to recover data from a corrupted database, indicated by the following error during truncating:
data_truncate: db->del() returned 1
main: data_truncate() failed

-c config Use the specified configuration file instead of the default /usr/local/etc/pfstat.conf. Syntax:
collect = "collect" number = coldef .
coldef  = ( global | iface | queue ) [ "diff" ] .
global  = "global" ( states | counter ) .
states  = "states" ( "entries" | "inserts" | "removals" |
                     "searches" ) .
counter = "counter" ( "match" | "bad-offset" | ... ) .
iface   = "interface" name ( "pass" | "block" )
                      ( "bytes" | "packets" ) ( "in" | "out" )
                      ( "ipv4" | "ipv6" ) .
queue   = "queue" name ( "pass" | "drop" | "other" )
              ( "packets" | "bytes" | number )
image   = "image" filename "{"
              time type size [ left ] [ right ] "}" .
time    = "from" number [ unit ] [ "to" number [ unit ] ] .
unit    = "minutes" | "hours" | "days" | "weeks" | "months" |
                      "years" .
type    = "type" ( "jpeg" | "png" ) .
size    = "width" number "height" number .
left    = "left" graphs .
right   = "right" graphs .
graphs  = graph [ "," graphs ] .
graph   = "graph" number [ "bps" ] [ "avg" | "min" | "max" ]
                  label unit "color" red green blue [ "filled" ] .

collect lines define what values to store in the database. Each definition should use a unique number, which is used in graph lines to reference those values.

The diff option causes differential values (change of value per second) to be stored instead of absolute values. For example, storing interface byte counters (which count the number of bytes since last reset) differentially produces values representing current speed (bytes per second).

Several images can be defined in the same config file. An image can include two independent y-axes, both of which auto-scale independently to the maximum value in the selected range. Each axis can display an arbitrary number of graphs.

When the bps option is used, values are multiplied by eight, and the unit prefixes ’k’ (kilo), ’m’ (mega), etc. are multiples of 1024, instead of 1000.

-d database
  Database file. Default is /var/db/pfstat.db.

EXAMPLES

collect 1 = interface "sis0" pass bytes in ipv4 diff
collect 2 = interface "sis0" pass bytes out ipv4 diff
image "/var/www/htdocs/bandwidth.jpg" {
        from 7 days to now
        width 1000 height 400
        left
                graph 1 bps "in" "bits/s" color 0 192 0 filled
        right
                graph 2 bps "out" "bits/s" color 0 0 255
}
collect 3 = global states entries
image "/var/www/htdocs/states.jpg" {
        from 12 months to now
        width 800 height 200
        left
                graph 3 "states" "entries" color 200 0 0
}

SEE ALSO

pf(4), crontab(5), pfctl(8), pfstatd(8)
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