GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  PIVOT_ROOT (8)

NAME

pivot_root - change the root file system

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Examples
Availability

SYNOPSIS

pivot_root new_root put_old

DESCRIPTION

pivot_root moves the root file system of the current process to the directory put_old and makes new_root the new root file system. Since pivot_root(8) simply calls pivot_root(2), we refer to the man page of the latter for further details.

Note that, depending on the implementation of pivot_root, root and cwd of the caller may or may not change. The following is a sequence for invoking pivot_root that works in either case, assuming that pivot_root and chroot are in the current PATH:

cd new_root
pivot_root . put_old
exec chroot . command

Note that chroot must be available under the old root and under the new root, because pivot_root may or may not have implicitly changed the root directory of the shell.

Note that exec chroot changes the running executable, which is necessary if the old root directory should be unmounted afterwards. Also note that standard input, output, and error may still point to a device on the old root file system, keeping it busy. They can easily be changed when invoking chroot (see below; note the absence of leading slashes to make it work whether pivot_root has changed the shell’s root or not).

EXAMPLES

Change the root file system to /dev/hda1 from an interactive shell:

mount /dev/hda1 /new-root
cd /new-root
pivot_root . old-root
exec chroot . sh <dev/console >dev/console 2>&1
umount /old-root

Mount the new root file system over NFS from 10.0.0.1:/my_root and run init:

ifconfig lo 127.0.0.1 up   # for portmap
# configure Ethernet or such
portmap   # for lockd (implicitly started by mount)
mount -o ro 10.0.0.1:/my_root /mnt
killall portmap   # portmap keeps old root busy
cd /mnt
pivot_root . old_root
exec chroot . sh -c ’umount /old_root; exec /sbin/init’ \
  <dev/console >dev/console 2>&1

SEE ALSO

chroot(1), mount(8), pivot_root(2), umount(8)

AVAILABILITY

The pivot_root command is part of the util-linux-ng package and is available from ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux-ng/.
Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 8 |  Main Index


Linux PIVOT_ROOT (8) Feb 23, 2000

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.