GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  TREEVIEW (n)

NAME

treeview - Create and manipulate hierarchical table widgets

   








\L’|0u-1v’\l’75u+3n_’\L’0u+1v-0u’\l’|0u-1.5n_’



\L’|0u-1v’\L’0u+1v-0u’\l’|0u-1.5n_’





CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Introduction
Syntax
Special Node Ids
Data Fields
Array References
Entry Bindings
Treeview Editing
     Widget Bindings
     Button Bindings
     Entry Bindings
     Column Bindings
     Column Rule Bindings
Quickstart
Example
Old Treeview Edits
Keywords

SYNOPSIS

treeview pathName ?options?

DESCRIPTION

The treeview widget displays a tree of data with styles, tags, and data sharing (via tree data objects).

INTRODUCTION

The treeview widget manages a collection of entries where each entry contains a tree node plus added style and attribute information.

Entries are usually inserted into a treeview with a label-list to specify the unique hierarchical position relative to root (or the -at node); The tail of this label-list is unique within its hierarchical level. If no label is given, the generated node-id is used as the label. Labels provide a convenient way to index entries using the -> notation. eg.




treeview .t .t insert end .t insert end X .t insert end A {A a} {A b} B C .t insert end a b c {c i} {c ii} -at root->B set id [.t index root->B->c->i] puts [.t get $id]; # outputs i puts [.t get -full $id]; # outputs {B c i} pack .t

COLUMN DATA

Column data can be stored within an entry using the -data option or entry sub-commands, eg.




treeview .t .t column insert end X Y Z .t insert end A -data {X 1 Y 2} .t insert end B -data {X 3 Y 4 Z 5} .t entry conf root->B -data {X 5 Y 4 Z 3} .t entry set root->A Z 3 .t entry incr root->B Y pack .t

Labels can be created with auto-generated sequence numbers using an empty string or a trailing #auto.




treeview .t .t column insert end X .t insert end {} -data {X 0}; # Label is "1" .t insert end #auto -data {X 1}; # Label is "2" .t insert end Foo#auto -data {X 2}; # Label is "Foo1" pack .t

TREE DATA OBJECT

Node data in treeview is actually stored in a tree data object, which separates data storage from widget appearance. The -tree option can be used to explictly set a tree (externally created with the tree command) thus giving access to trees more extensive data manipulation facilities, eg.




set t [tree create] $t insert root -label A $t insert root->A -label B -data {X 1} treeview .t -tree $t .t column insert end X pack .t

A tree can also be attached to a treeview, eg.




set t [tree create] $t attach [.t cget -tree] set dump [$t dump root] tree destroy $t

Note that when inserting data via the tree sub-commands, unique label checking is not performed.

SYNTAX


treeview pathName ?option value?...

The treeview command creates a new window pathName and makes it into a treeview widget. At the time this command is invoked, there must not exist a window named pathName, but pathName’s parent must exist. Additional options may be specified on the command line or in the option database to configure aspects of the widget such as its colors and font. See the configure operation below for the exact details about what option and value pairs are valid.

If successful, treeview returns the path name of the widget. It also creates a new Tcl command by the same name. You can use this command to invoke various operations that query or modify the widget. The operations available are described in the TREEVIEW OPERATIONS section.

Treeview displays nodes as row entries in the widget. Each entry has a text label and icon. When a node has children, its entry is drawn with a small button to the left of the label. Clicking the mouse over this button opens or closes the node. When a node is open, its children are exposed. When it is closed, the children and their descedants are hidden. The button is normally a + or - symbol (ala Windows Explorer), but can be replaced with a pair of Tk images (open and closed images).

If the node has data associated with it, they can be displayed in columns running vertically on either side the tree. You can control the color, font, etc of each entry. Any entry label or data field can be edited in-place.

IDS AND TAGS

Nodes can be inserted into a tree using the treeview widget




blt::treeview .t set node [.t insert end "one"]

or tree command.




set tree [blt::tree create] set node [$tree insert root -label "one"] blt::treeview .t -tree $tree

In both cases, a number identifying the node is returned (the value of $node). This serial number or id uniquely identifies the node. Please note that you can’t infer a location or position of a node from its id. The only exception is that the root node is always id 0. Since nodes may have the same labels or be moved within the tree, ids provide an convenient way to identify nodes. If a tree is shared, the ids will be the same regardless if you are using by the treeview widget or the tree command. Ids are recycled only when all nodes are deleted.

A node may also have any number of tags associated with it. A tag is just a string of characters, and it may take any form except that of an integer. For example, "x123" is valid, but "123" isn’t. The same tag may be associated with many different nodes. This is typically done to associate a group of nodes. Many operations in the treeview widget take either node ids or tag names as arguments. Using a tag means apply the operation to all nodes with that tag.

Commands that take a tagnode will also accept a list of zero or more integer node numbers (node-list). A node-list consist of space separated integers, without leading spaces. Node lists can simplify the use of iterating commands and are used widely in the tree command.

There are four built-in or psuedo tags:

all Applies to every node in the tree.
nonroot Applies to every node in the tree except the root node.
rootchildren
  Applies to every node in the tree whose parent is the root node.
root Managed automatically by the tree object, root specifies the node that is currently set as the root node for the tree.

Tags are shared between clients. This means for example that tags created by the tree command are available in the treeview widget.

SPECIAL NODE IDS

There are several special non-numeric ids. Special ids differ from tags in that they are always translated to a single numeric node. They also take precedence over tags. For example, you can’t use a tag name that is a special id. These ids are specific to the treeview widget.
active The node where the mouse pointer is currently located. When a node is active, it is drawn using its active icon (see the -activeicon option). The active id is changed automatically by moving the mouse pointer over another node or by using the entry activate operation. Note that there can be only one active node at a time.
anchor The node representing the fixed end of the current selection. The anchor is set by the selection anchor operation.
bottom The last viewable node.
current The node where the mouse pointer is currently located. But unlike active, this id changes while the selection is dragged. It is used to determine the current node during button drags.
down The next open node from the current focus. The down of the last open node is the same.
end The last node at depth 1 in tree.
focus The node that currently has focus. When a node has focus, it receives key events. To indicate focus, the node is drawn with a dotted line around its label. You can change the focus using the focus operation.
last Same as tail.
mark The node representing the non-fixed end of the current selection. The mark is set by the selection mark operation.
next The next open node from the current focus. But unlike down, when the focus is on last open node, next wraps around to the root node.
nextsibling The next sibling from the node with the current focus. If the node is already the last sibling then it is the nextsibling.
parent The parent of the node with the current focus. The parent of the root is also the root.
prev The last open node from the current focus. But unlike up, when the focus is at root, last wraps around to the last open node in the tree.
prevsibling The previous sibling from the node with the current focus. If the node is already the first sibling then it is the prevsibling.
root The root node. You can also use id 0 to indicate the root.
tail The last node in the tree, viewable or not.
top The first node.
up The last open node (in depth-first order) from the current focus. The up of the root node (i.e. the root has focus) is also the root.
view.top First node that’s current visible in the widget.
view.bottom Last node that’s current visible in the widget.
@x,y Indicates the node that covers the point in the treeview window specified by x and y (in pixel coordinates). If no part of the entryd covers that point, then the closest node to that point is used.
ID->LABEL->LABEL...
  Lookup via node labels, eg. 0->Main->Users. Quotes can be used around labels that use reserved words or contain spaces, eg. 0->"Main"->’User Groups’. See the tree man page for more details.
A node may be specified as an id or tag. If the specifier is an integer then it is assumed to refer to the single node with that id. If the specifier is not an integer, it’s checked to see if it’s a special id (such as focus). Otherwise, it’s assumed to be tag. Some operations only operate on a single node at a time; if a tag refers to more than one node, then an error is generated.

DATA FIELDS

Nodes in treeview can manage data fields associated with columns. Data is displayed in columns running on either side of the displayed tree. Any node that doesn’t have a specific field will show as blank. Columns can (interactively) be resized, hidden, and, moved.

Nodes can contain disjoint data fields (they aren’t required to set all fields). And data manipulated via the tree command does not require an associated treeview column at all.

ARRAY REFERENCES

Like tree, treeview supports accessing data sub-fields with an array notation, eg.




treeview .t .t col insert end A .t insert end a -data {A "x 1 y 2 z 3"} .t entry incr root->a A(x) .t entry set root->a A(w) 0 .t entry unset root->a A(z)

Only the following treeview commmands support the array notation: entry get, entry set, entry incr, entry unset, and find -column. See tree for more complete support.

ENTRY BINDINGS

You can bind Tcl commands to be invoked when events occur on nodes (much like Tk canvas items). You can bind a node using its id or its bindtags. Bindtags are simply names that associate a binding with one or more nodes. There is a built-in tag all that all node entries automatically have.

TREEVIEW OPERATIONS

The treeview operations are the invoked by specifying the widget’s pathname, the operation, and any arguments that pertain to that operation. The general form is:




pathName operation ?arg arg ...?

Operation and the args determine the exact behavior of the command. The following operation are available for treeview widgets:
pathName bbox ?-screen? tagOrId...
  Returns a list of 4 numbers, representing a bounding box of around the specified entries. The entries is given by one or more tagOrId arguments. If the -screen flag is given, then the x-y coordinates of the bounding box are returned as screen coordinates, not virtual coordinates. Virtual coordinates start from 0 from the root node and include the title. If the -world flag is given, then the y coordinate the title height is added in. The returned list contains the following values.
x X-coordinate of the upper-left corner of the bounding box.
y Y-coordinate of the upper-left corner of the bounding box.
width Width of the bounding box.
height Height of the bounding box.
pathName bind tagName ?sequence command?
  Associates command with tagName such that whenever the event sequence given by sequence occurs for a node with this tag, command will be invoked. The syntax is similar to the bind command except that it operates on treeview entries, rather than widgets. The tagName can be an entry or tag, or predefined tags such as all, Entry or Button. See the bind manual entry for complete details on sequence and the substitutions performed on command before invoking it.

If all arguments are specified then a new binding is created, replacing any existing binding for the same sequence and tagName. If the first character of command is + then command augments an existing binding rather than replacing it. If no command argument is provided then the command currently associated with tagName and sequence (it’s an error occurs if there’s no such binding) is returned. If both command and sequence are missing then a list of all the event sequences for which bindings have been defined for tagName.

pathName button operation ?args?
  This command is used to control the button selectors within a treeview widget. It has several forms, depending on operation:
pathName button activate tagOrId
  Designates the node given by tagOrId as active. When a node is active it’s entry is drawn using its active icon (see the -activeicon option). Note that there can be only one active entry at a time. The special id active indicates the currently active node.
pathName button bind tagName ?sequence command?
  Associates command with tagName such that whenever the event sequence given by sequence occurs for an button of a node entry with this tag, command will be invoked. The syntax is similar to the bind command except that it operates on treeview buttons, rather than widgets. See the bind manual entry for complete details on sequence and the substitutions performed on command before invoking it.

If all arguments are specified then a new binding is created, replacing any existing binding for the same sequence and tagName. If the first character of command is + then command augments an existing binding rather than replacing it. If no command argument is provided then the command currently associated with tagName and sequence (it’s an error occurs if there’s no such binding) is returned. If both command and sequence are missing then a list of all the event sequences for which bindings have been defined for tagName.

pathName button cget option
  Returns the current value of the configuration option given by option. Option may have any of the values accepted by the configure operation described below.
pathName button configure ?option? ?value option value ...?
  Query or modify the configuration options of the widget. If no option is specified, returns a list describing all of the available options for pathName (see Tk_ConfigureInfo for information on the format of this list). If option is specified with no value, then the command returns a list describing the one named option (this list will be identical to the corresponding sublist of the value returned if no option is specified). If one or more option-value pairs are specified, then the command modifies the given widget option(s) to have the given value(s); in this case the command returns an empty string. Option and value are described in the section BUTTON OPTIONS below.
pathName cget option
  Returns the current value of the configuration option given by option. Option may have any of the values accepted by the configure operation described below.
pathName close ?-recurse? ?-trees? tagOrId...
  Closes the node specified by tagOrId. In addition, if a Tcl script was specified by the -closecommand option, it is invoked. If the node is already closed, this command has no effect. If the -recurse flag is present, each child node is recursively closed. The -trees flag is like -recurse but operates only on nodes with children, excluding the root.
pathName column operation ?args?
  The following operations are available for treeview columns.
pathName column activate column
  Sets the active column to column. Column is the name of a column in the widget. When a column is active, it’s drawn using its -activetitlebackground and -activetitleforeground options. If column is the "", then no column will be active. If no column argument is provided, then the name of the currently active column is returned.
pathName column bbox ?-visible? column entry
  Returns a list of 4 numbers, representing a bounding box of around the specified entries cell. Giving an entry of -1 matches the title row. If -visible is given, the width is constrained to not extend past the widgets display.
pathName column bind column ?sequence command?
  These deal with the title part of columns. Associates command with column such that whenever the event sequence given by sequence occurs for a column node entry with this tag, command will be invoked. The syntax is similar to the bind command except that it operates on treeview colunns, rather than widgets. See the bind manual entry for complete details on sequence and the substitutions performed on command before invoking it.
pathName column cget name option
  Returns the current value of the column configuration option given by option for name. Name is the name of column that corresponds to a data field. Option may have any of the values accepted by the configure operation described below.
pathName column configure name ?name ...? ?option? ?value option value ...?
  Query or modify the configuration options of one or more columns name. Name is the name of the column corresponding to a data field. If no option is specified, returns a list describing all of the available options for pathName (see Tk_ConfigureInfo for information on the format of this list). If option is specified with no value, then the command returns a list describing the one named option (this list will be identical to the corresponding sublist of the value returned if no option is specified). If one or more option-value pairs are specified, then the command modifies the given widget option(s) to have the given value(s); in this case the command returns an empty string. Option and value are described in the section COLUMN OPTIONS below.
pathName column current
  Get column currently under the mouse.
pathName column delete field ?field...?
  Deletes one of more columns designated by field. Requests to delete the tree column are silently ignored. Note that this does not delete the data fields themselves.
pathName column index index
  Return the integer for index. May use "end" or "end-N".
pathName column insert position field ?field ...? ?options...?
  Inserts one (or more) columns designated by field. A column displays each entry node’s data field using this name. If the node doesn’t define the given field, the cell is left blank. Position indicates where in the list of columns to add the new column. It may be either a name, a number or end. If multiple column fields are given, only the first can start with a dash. If field is the empty string or #auto, a name is generated prefixed by the string Col and a unique integer. If field ends with #auto, the generated name uses it’s prefix instead. The returned values is the created column names. Note that the tree column #0 is predefined and can not be deleted.
pathName column invoke field
  Invokes the Tcl command associated with the column field, if there is one (using the column’s -command option). The command is ignored if the column’s -state option set to disabled.
pathName column isset ?startOrTag? ?end?
  Returns list of data columns for elements in range actually having data values set in them. One possible use for this might be hiding columns which are empty. With no arguments, checks only entries on the visible screen. With one argument, checks all entries matching a tag or id. With two arguments, checks all entries between start and end range.
pathName column istree field
  Return 1 if column is the tree column.
pathName column move name dest
  Moves the column name to the destination position. Dest is the offset, name of another column or a screen position in the form @x,y.
pathName column names ?-visible? ?PATTERN?
  Returns a list of the names of all columns in the widget. The list is ordered as the columns are drawn from left-to-right. If -visible, then display only columns where -hide is 0. A pattern may be specified to limit results.
pathName column nearest x ?y?
  Returns the name of the column closest to the given X-Y screen coordinate. If you provide a y argument (it’s optional), a name is returned only when if the point is over a column’s title.
pathName column offsets
  Returns the starting offsets for each column.
pathName column resize op ...
  Operations for resize where op is one of activate, anchor, mark or set.
pathName column see ?-anchor anchor? field
  Adjusts the view so that the column given by field is visible in the widget window. The node’s position on the screen can be set using the -anchor flag. Its value is a Tk anchor position: w, c, e.
pathName column values ?-visible? ?-default value? field ?start? ?end?
  Returns a list of data values for a column. The -visible flag excludes the values that are hidden or inside closed subtrees. The root nodes does not get included when -hideroot is true. The -default option specifies a value to substitute for unset data column cells.
pathName configure ?option? ?value option value ...?
  Query or modify the configuration options of the widget. If no option is specified, returns a list describing all of the available options for pathName (see Tk_ConfigureInfo for information on the format of this list). If option is specified with no value, then the command returns a list describing the one named option (this list will be identical to the corresponding sublist of the value returned if no option is specified). If one or more option-value pairs are specified, then the command modifies the given widget option(s) to have the given value(s); in this case the command returns an empty string. Option and value are described in the section TREEVIEW OPTIONS below.
pathName curselection
  Returns a list containing the ids of all of the entries that are currently selected. If there are no entries selected, then the empty string is returned.
pathName delete tagnode...
  Deletes one or more entries given by tagnode and its children.
pathName edit ?-test? ?-root? ?-noscroll? ?-scroll? ?X Y?
  Handle cell editing. The x,y coordinates are usually required, except when using the scroll options.
-noscroll Disable scrolling. Useful when displaying an edit subwindow.
-scroll Re-enable scrolling. Usually bound to a destroy event of an edit subwindow.
-root Use root coordinates.
-test Test if edit is complete.
pathName entry operation ?args?
  The following operations are available for treeview entries.
pathName entry activate tagOrId
  Sets the active entry to the one specified by tagOrId. When an entry is active it is drawn using its active icon (see the -activeicon and -activeleaficon options). The special id of the currently active node is active. Note that there can be only one active node at a time and currently icons must be the same size/shape as the backgrounds are not cleared. But bind can be used to overcome these limitations.
pathName entry cget option
  Returns the current value of the configuration option given by option. Option may have any of the values accepted by the configure operation described below.
pathName entry children tagOrId ?first? ?last?
  Returns a list of ids for the given range of children of tagOrId. TagOrId is the id or tag of the node to be examined. If only a first argument is present, then the id of the that child at that numeric position is returned. If both first and last arguments are given, then the ids of all the children in that range are returned. Otherwise the ids of all children are returned.
pathName entry configure tagnode ?option? ?value option value ...?
  Query or modify the configuration options of the widget. If no option is specified, returns a list describing all of the available options for tagnode (see Tk_ConfigureInfo for information on the format of this list). If option is specified with no value, then the command returns a list describing the one named option (this list will be identical to the corresponding sublist of the value returned if no option is specified). If one or more option-value pairs are specified, then the command modifies the given widget option(s) to have the given value(s); in this case the command returns an empty string. Option and value are described below:
pathName entry delete tagOrId ?first ?last?
  Deletes the one or more children nodes of the parent tagOrId. If first and last arguments are present, they are positions designating a range of children nodes to be deleted.
pathName entry depth tagOrId
  Return tree depth of node where root is 0.
pathName entry down tagOrId
  The next open node from the given node. The down of the last open node is the same.
pathName entry exists tagOrId
  Return 1 if entry exists.
pathName entry get tagOrId ?key? ?default?
  Return a key-field value for an entry. When no key is given, returns the values of all visible columns. If the given key is undefined, return default if given, else throw an error. Unlike entry set, the tree is accessed directly so keys not having associated columns are supported.
pathName entry incr tagOrId key ?amount?
  Increment value by 1 or given amount and return the value. The incr operation normally tries to use integers, but uses doubles when one of value or amount is a double. An array reference may also be used.
pathName entry isbefore tagOrId1 tagOrId2
  Returns 1 if tagOrId1 is before tagOrId2 and 0 otherwise.
pathName entry ishidden tagOrId
  Returns 1 if the node is currently hidden and 0 otherwise. A node is also hidden if any of its ancestor nodes are closed or hidden.
pathName entry isleaf tagOrId
  Returns 1 if the node is a leaf node.
pathName entry isopen tagOrId
  Returns 1 if the node is currently open.
pathName entry isset tagOrId col
  Return true if the entry sets a column-field (has a value). The entry and column both must exist.
pathName entry isvisible tagOrId
  Returns 1 if node is not hidden, inside a closed subtree.
pathName entry next tagOrId
  The next open node from the given node. But unlike down, when the focus is on last open node, next wraps around to the root node.
pathName entry parent tagOrId
  Returns parent of the given node.
pathName entry prev tagOrId
  The last open node from the given node. But unlike up, when the focus is at root, last wraps around to the last open node in the tree.
pathName entry relabel tagOrId newLabel
  Change the tree node label associated with an entry. This sets the tree node label; ie. the value returned by the get command. Note this is not the same thing as the treeview entries -label option. Also, the -allowduplicates option must be enabled to use this command as no duplicate checking will be performed.
pathName entry select tagOrId
  Make the given node visible and give it the focus. When in single selectmode, select it (calls ::blt::tv::MoveFocus)
pathName entry set tagOrId col ?value col value ...?
  Get or set column-fields for an entry. Provides a simple way to read or update fields from the -data option of an entry. An array reference may also be used.
pathName entry sibling ?-before? tagOrId
  The next/previous sibling from the given node. If the node is already the last/first sibling then nothing is returned.
pathName entry size -recurse tagOrId
  Returns the number of children for parent node tagOrId. If the -recurse flag is set, the number of all its descendants is returned. The node itself is not counted.
pathName entry unset tagOrId col
  Unset a column-field for an entry. An array reference may also be used.
pathName entry up tagOrId
  The last open node (in depth-first order) from the given node. The up of the last node is itself.
pathName entry value tagOrId ?col?
  Return the value for an entry column, or all visible columns if col not given. Unlike entry set, this gives access to the formatted value from -formatcmd (if there was one).
pathName find ?flags? first last
  Finds for all entries matching the criteria given by flags. A list of ids for all matching nodes is returned. First and last are ids designating the range of the search in depth-first order. If last is before first, then nodes are searched in reverse order. The valid flags are:
-addtag NAME Add tag to each matching entry. The tag will be created even if no nodes are tagged.
-cmdargs columns
  Specify columns whose values are to be appended to -command.
-command command
  Invoke command for each matching node. Before command is invoked, the id of the node is appended. If command generates an error, processing stops and the find operation returns an error. If command returns return, then the returned integer is used to indicate 1 for match or 0 for mismatch.
-column col Match name against value of given column. An array reference may also be used. This option must be used in conjunction with -name and may not be used with -usepath.
-count Just return the number of matches.
-depth number
  Entry must be at depth number.
-exact Patterns must match exactly. The is the default.
-exec string Specifies a Tcl script to be evaluated for each matching node. If -var was also specified, that variable is set with the value of the node id before each evaluation. Otherwise, percent sustitutions are performed: note this is much less efficient than using either -var or -command

The result of each eval gets appended to the return list, unless the script issues a CONTINUE, in which case that node is skipped.

The available percent substitutions on string are:
%# The id of the node.
%W The pathname of the widget.
%p The name of the node.
%P The full pathname of the node.
%V The current value (the node name, node label or column value).
%F Like %V, but returns the on-screen value (from -formatcmd).
%C The current column.
%% Translates to a single percent.

-glob Use global pattern matching. Matching is done in a fashion similar to that used by string match.
-invert Invert the meaning of the pattern match for -name.
-isclosed Include only entries that are closed.
-isempty Only match nodes where the specified -column key value was unset.
-ishidden Include only entries that are hidden, either because the entry has set -hide, or is has style that is hidden. The root node is not included.
-isleaf Entry must not have child nodes.
-ismapped Include only entries that are currently all or partly drawn on screen. The root node is not included.
-isopen Include only entries that are opened.
-istree Entry must have child nodes.
-limit number
  Stop searching after number matches.
-maxdepth Entry must be at depth or lower.
-mindepth Entry must be at depth or higher.
-name pattern
  Specifies pattern to match against node names.
-nocase Comparisison is ignores case. For -regexp, the target string gets lower cased (but not the pattern).
-notop Exclude the -top or starting node.
-regexp Use regular expression pattern matching (i.e. the same as implemented by the regexp command).
-reldepth Change the meaning of -depth, -mindepth and -maxdepth to be relative to the -top node.
-return col Instead of the node id, return data value of named column. If col starts with a %, performs percent substitution as per -command. Note that a percent substitution longer than 2 chars will append values as list elements.
-top node Search is only at node and it’s descendants. The default is the root node.
-useformat Compare pattern using -formatcmd value (if there is one) instead key data value.
-uselabel Compare pattern using label (if there is one) instead last component of path.
-usepath Compare pattern using the full path name.
-userow Compare pattern using the node value plus the values of all keys in the row. If used with -visible, only the visible column keys are used.
-visible Exclude values that are hidden or inside closed subtrees. eg. The root node is excluded if -hideroot is true.
-withouttag NAME
  Match entries without tag.
-withtag NAME
  Match entries with tag.
-var variable
  A variable to set with the node id before each iteration of the -exec script.
-option name value
  Specifies an option name and value to match against the node entry’s configuration option.
-- Indicates the end of flags.
pathName focus ?tagOrId?
  Get or set the focus to the node given by tagOrId. When a node has focus, it can receive keyboard events. The special id focus designates the node that currently has focus.
pathName get ?-full? ?-labels? tagnode tagnode...
  Translates one or more ids to their node entry names. It returns a list of names for all the ids specified. If the -full flag is set, then the full pathnames are returned. If the -labels flag is set, then the full pathnames using labels are returned.

Note: Except when a called with a single node id (ie. an integer), the result will be a list (or list of lists when -separator isn’t set).

pathName hide ?flags? tagOrId...
  Hides all nodes matching the criteria given by flags. If no tagOrId are given, traverses entire tree. The valid flags are described below:
-column col Match name against value of given column. Must be used with -name and can not use -usepath.
-depth number
  Entry must be at depth number.
-exact Match patterns exactly. The is the default.
-glob Use global pattern matching. Matching is done in a fashion similar to that used by string match.
-invert Invert the meaning of the pattern match for -name or -option.
-maxdepth Entry must be at depth or lower.
-mindepth Entry must be at depth or higher.
-name pattern
  Specifies pattern to match against node names.
-nocase Ignore case in match.
-option name value
  Specifies an option name and value to match against the node entry’s configuration option.
-regexp Use regular expression pattern matching (i.e. the same as implemented by the regexp command).
-uselabel Specifies that the -name pattern is to match the label.
-usepath Specifies that the -name pattern is to match the full path.
-withouttag NAME
  Match entries with tag.
-withtag NAME
  Match entries with tag.
-- Indicates the end of flags.
pathName index ?-at tagOrId? ?-path? ?-quiet? string
  Returns the id of the node specified by string. String may be a tag or node id. Some special ids are normally relative to the node that has focus but the -at option can be used to change this. The -path flag does a lookup using String as a path relative the tree root (unless the -at option is given). The the -quiet flag is given, lookup failures quietly return the empty string.
pathName insert position ?path? ?path? ... ?options...?
  Inserts one or more nodes at child position (a number or end) in the parent node. The parent node is either root or the value given by -at. The returned value is list of ids for the new entries. Only the first path may start with a dash.

Path is the pathname of the new node. By default, pathnames are a Tcl list (each element is a path component) however the -separator option can be used to change this. Pathnames are normally relative to the root, but the -at switch lets you select a different parent node. If path is ommitted, it defaults to #auto. A path name of #auto will generate a name. This attempts to use the tree node name as the path name.

If the last component of a path name ends in #auto, the path is generated using the string prefix (before #auto) followed by a sequential number unique within the parent, eg. .t insert end {users u#auto}.

Note that all ancestors of the new node must already exist, unless the -autocreate option is set. It is also an error if a node already exists, unless the -allowduplicates option is set.

For large flat trees setting -allowduplicates to true can greatly speedup loading #auto as it avoids checking overhead. This is the fastest way to bulk load large numbers of nodes (next to using -tree).

The option arguments may be any of the values accepted by entry configure as described in the ENTRY OPTIONS section below, or any unabbreviated insert-option. Note that for multi-node inserts insert-options will apply to all following nodes, and only the first path can start with a dash.

The valid insert-options are:
-at nodeid
  Specify the parent node to insert entries into. The default is root.
-node num
  The -node switch lets you specify a tree node number id directly instead of having one generating automatically. For multi-node inserts, the node number gets incremented.
-styles list
  The -styles switch specifies a list of column/stylename pairs to set for entries having a -data option.
-tags list
  The -tags switch specifies a list of tags to add to the new entries.

pathName move tagnode how destId
  Moves the node(s) given by tagnode to the destination node. The node can not be an ancestor of the destination. DestId is the id of the destination node and can not be the root of the tree. In conjunction with how, it describes how the move is performed.
before Moves the node before the destination node.
after Moves the node after the destination node.
into Moves the node to the end of the destination’s list of children.
pathName nearest ?-root? ?-strict? x y ?varName?
  Returns the id of the node entry closest to the given X-Y screen coordinate. If the coordinate is not directly over any node, then the nearest node is returned. If the argument varName is present, this is a Tcl variable that is set to either button, icon, label, title, titlelabel, titleicon, datalabel, dataicon, or "" depending what part of the entry the coordinate lies. The -root option subtracts the windows root from the coordinates. The -strict option fails the match if not directly over a node, eg. in the title or past end of last row.
pathName open ?-recurse? ?-parent? ?-trees? tagnode...
  Opens the one or more nodes specified by tagnode. If a node is not already open, the Tcl script specified by the -opencommand option is invoked. If the -recurse flag is present, then each descendant is recursively opened. The -trees flag is like -recurse but operates only on nodes with children. The -parent flag ensures visibility by opening all parent nodes.
pathName range ?-open? first last
  Returns the ids in depth-first order of the nodes between the first and last ids. If the -open flag is present, it indicates to consider only open nodes. If last is before first, then the ids are returned in reverse order.
pathName scan option args
  This command implements scanning. It has two forms, depending on option:
pathName scan mark x y
  Records x and y and the current view in the treeview window; used in conjunction with later scan dragto commands. Typically this command is associated with a mouse button press in the widget. It returns an empty string.
pathName scan dragto x y.
  Computes the difference between its x and y arguments and the x and y arguments to the last scan mark command for the widget. It then adjusts the view by 10 times the difference in coordinates. This command is typically associated with mouse motion events in the widget, to produce the effect of dragging the list at high speed through the window. The return value is an empty string.
pathName see ?-anchor anchor? tagOrId
  Adjusts the view of entries so that the node given by tagOrId is visible in the widget window. It is an error if tagOrId is a tag that refers to more than one node. The node’s position on the screen can be set using the -anchor flag. Its value is w, but can be any one of the Tk anchor positions.
pathName selection option arg
  This command is used to adjust the selection within a treeview widget. It has several forms, depending on option:
pathName selection anchor ?tagOrId? ?column?
  Sets the selection anchor to the node given by tagOrId. If tagOrId refers to a non-existent node, then the closest node is used. The selection anchor is the end of the selection that is fixed while dragging out a selection with the mouse. The special id anchor may be used to refer to the anchor node. With no arguments, returns anchor entry and column if any.
pathName selection cells
  Returns pairs of nodes and columns for all selected cells. The -selectmode must be cell or multicell.
pathName selection clear first ?last? ?column?
  Removes the entries between first and last (inclusive) from the selection. Both first and last are ids representing a range of entries. If last isn’t given, then only first is deselected. Entries outside the selection are not affected.
pathName selection clearall
  Clears the entire selection.
pathName selection mark tagOrId ?column?
  Sets the selection mark to the node given by tagOrId. This causes the range of entries between the anchor and the mark to be temporarily added to the selection. The selection mark is the end of the selection that is fixed while dragging out a selection with the mouse. The special id mark may be used to refer to the current mark node. If tagOrId refers to a non-existent node, then the mark is ignored. Resetting the mark will unselect the previous range. Setting the anchor finalizes the range.
pathName selection includes tagOrId ?column?
  Returns 1 if the node given by tagOrId is currently selected, 0 if it isn’t.
pathName selection present
  Returns 1 if any nodes are currently selected and 0 otherwise.
pathName selection set first ?last? ?column?
  Selects all of the nodes in the range between first and last, inclusive, without affecting the selection state of nodes outside that range.
pathName selection toggle first ?last? ?column?
  Selects/deselects nodes in the range between first and last, inclusive, from the selection. If a node is currently selected, it becomes deselected, and visa versa.
pathName show ?flags? tagOrId...
  Un-hide nodes matching the criteria given by flags. If no tagOrId are given, traverses entire tree. The flags are the same as for the hide command.
pathName sort ?operation? args...
 
pathName sort auto ?boolean
  Turns on/off automatic sorting of node entries. If boolean is true, entries will be automatically sorted as they are opened, closed, inserted, or deleted. If no boolean argument is provided, the current state is returned.
pathName sort cget option
  Returns the current value of the configuration option given by option. Option may have any of the values accepted by the configure operation described below.
pathName sort configure ?option? ?value option value ...?
  Query or modify the sorting configuration options of the widget. If no option is specified, returns a list describing all of the available options for pathName (see Tk_ConfigureInfo for information on the format of this list). If option is specified with no value, then the command returns a list describing the one named option (this list will be identical to the corresponding sublist of the value returned if no option is specified). If one or more option-value pairs are specified, then the command modifies the given sorting option(s) to have the given value(s); in this case the command returns an empty string. Option and value are described below:
-column string
  Specifies the column to sort. Entries in the widget are rearranged according to this column. If column is "" then no sort is performed.
-command string
  Specifies a Tcl procedure to be called when sorting nodes. The procedure is called with 6 arguments: the pathname of the widget, the node id of two entries, the column key being sorted and the label values of the two entries. The procedure returns 1 if the first node is greater than the second, -1 is the second is greater, and 0 if equal.
-decreasing boolean
  Indicates to sort in ascending/descending order. If boolean is true, then the entries as in descending order. The default is no.
-mode string
  Specifies how to compare entries when sorting. String may be one of the following:
-setflat bool
  Used by SortColumn to remember if tree was forced to flat by a sort.
ascii Use string comparison based upon the ASCII collation order.
dictionary Use dictionary-style comparison. This is the same as ascii except (a) case is ignored except as a tie-breaker and (b) if two strings contain embedded numbers, the numbers compare as integers, not characters. For example, "bigBoy" sorts between "bigbang" and "bigboy", and "x10y" sorts between "x9y" and "x11y".
integer Compares fields as integers.
real Compares fields as floating point numbers.
command Use the Tcl proc specified by the -command option to compare entries when sorting. If no command is specified, the sort reverts to dictionary sorting.
pathName sort once ?flags? tagOrId...
  Sorts the children for each entries specified by tagOrId. By default, entries are sorted by name, but you can specify a Tcl proc to do your own comparisons.
-recurse Recursively sort the entire branch, not just the children.
pathName style operation ?args?
  Styles control how data is to be rendered by the widget. They are created with the create subcommands (described below) A default style name text is builtin. It is of type textbox and is used as the default style for columns. Styles may also be applied to entries, individual cells or widget options. For example, the -altstyle option applies a style to every second visible row entry while the -levelstyles option can specify a different style for each node level.

The following operations are available for treeview styles.
pathName style activate ?entry? ?column?
  Get or sets a particular cell as state to active. With two arguments sets the current cell to active. With no arguments returns the active cell. With one argument whose entry is 0, sets no cell to active.
pathName style cget stylename option
  Returns the current value of the configuration option given by option. Option may have any of the values accepted by the configure operation described below.
pathName style configure ?stylename option? ?value option value ...?
  Query or modify the configuration options of the widget. If no option is specified, returns a list describing all of the available options for pathName (see Tk_ConfigureInfo for information on the format of this list). If option is specified with no value, then the command returns a list describing the one named option (this list will be identical to the corresponding sublist of the value returned if no option is specified). If one or more option-value pairs are specified, then the command modifies the given widget option(s) to have the given value(s); in this case the command returns an empty string. Option and value are described below:
pathName style create ...?
  Create a named style. For a full list of style options, see the section STYLE OPTIONS below.
pathName style create barbox stylename ?option value option value ...?
  A barbox displays numeric data plus a progressbar.
pathName style create checkbox stylename ?option value option value ...?
  A checkbox style displays boolean or 2-valued data.
pathName style create combobox stylename ?option value option value ...?
  A combobox style displays multi-valued data.
pathName style create textbox stylename ?option value option value ...?
  A textbox style displays general text data.
pathName style create windowbox ?stylename? ?option value option value ...?
  The special style windowbox suports embedding subwindows within data cells.
pathName style find stylename ?column? ?node? ...
  Get all entries with the given style for a given column in the given nodes. When no column is given, looks in entry and data columns. Duplicates are not eliminated. cell.
pathName style forget stylename ...
  Eliminates one or more style names whose reference count have reached zero (i.e. nothing is using it). Requests to delete styles that are still in use are quietly ignored. Note that the reference count of style text is always greater than zero.
pathName style get column tagorid
  Return the style(s) for column and nodes. cell.
pathName style highlight stylename ?on|off?
  Turns on/off highlighting for a particular style. Used primarily for columns.
pathName style names
  Lists the names of all the current styles in the treeview widget. %.TP %pathName style priority column node %Get the priority style for the given cell.
pathName style set stylename column node ...
  Sets a style for a given column for all the ids given. If column is the tree, sets the entry style, otherwise sets the style in the data column, thus setting the style for a single cell in an entry. The style name may be an empty string to unset the style. Cells that do not have a value may not have a style set and so are silently ignored. The number of cells that actually get set with a style is returned.
pathName style slaves ?-col col? ?-id node? ?-style styleName? ?-visible bool? ?-info path?
  With no arguments, lists all embedded window slaves. The -col argument shows only windows in the given column. The -id argument shows only windows for the given entry. The -style argument shows only windows with the given style. The -visible argument shows only windows that are visible or invisible. The -info argument dumps all information for a single window.
pathName style type ?name? ?newtype?
  With no arguments, return list of all available styles. With one argument, return the style type of name. With two arguments, change the style type of name to newtype, and reset all style options back to the defaults.
pathName style use stylename
  Return the use count for a style. Note: in order to remove a style with style forget, this count must be 0.

pathName tag operation args
  Tags are a general means of selecting and marking nodes in the tree. A tag is just a string of characters, and it may take any form except that of an integer. The same tag may be associated with many different nodes.

Both operation and its arguments determine the exact behavior of the command. The operations available for tags are listed below.
pathName tag add string ?id...?
  Adds the tag string to one of more entries. If no nodes are given, just creates the tag.
pathName tag delete string tagnode...
  Deletes the tag string from one or more entries.
treeName tag exists string ?id?
  If an id is given, return 1 (or 0) if entry has (or hasn’t) the tag. Otherwise, returns 1 if at least one entry has tag string.
pathName tag forget string
  Removes the tag string from all entries. It’s not an error if no entries are tagged as string.
pathName tag names ?id?
  Returns a list of tags used. If an id argument is present, only those tags used by the node designated by id are returned.
pathName tag nodes name ?name ...?
  Returns a list of ids that have any of the name tags. If no node is tagged as name, then an empty list is returned.

pathName toggle tagnode
  Opens or closes the node given by tagOrId. If the corresponding -opencommand or -closecommand option is set, then that command is also invoked.
pathName xview args
  This command is used to query and change the horizontal position of the information in the widget’s window. It can take any of the following forms:
pathName xview
  Returns a list containing two elements. Each element is a real fraction between 0 and 1; together they describe the horizontal span that is visible in the window. For example, if the first element is .2 and the second element is .6, 20% of the treeview widget’s text is off-screen to the left, the middle 40% is visible in the window, and 40% of the text is off-screen to the right. These are the same values passed to scrollbars via the -xscrollcommand option.
pathName xview tagOrId
  Adjusts the view in the window so that the character position given by tagOrId is displayed at the left edge of the window. Character positions are defined by the width of the character 0.
pathName xview moveto fraction
  Adjusts the view in the window so that fraction of the total width of the treeview widget’s text is off-screen to the left. fraction must be a fraction between 0 and 1.
pathName xview scroll number what
  This command shifts the view in the window left or right according to number and what. Number must be an integer. What must be either units or pages or an abbreviation of one of these. If what is units, the view adjusts left or right by number character units (the width of the 0 character) on the display; if it is pages then the view adjusts by number screenfuls. If number is negative then characters farther to the left become visible; if it is positive then characters farther to the right become visible.
pathName yview ?args?
  This command is used to query and change the vertical position of the text in the widget’s window. It can take any of the following forms:
pathName yview
  Returns a list containing two elements, both of which are real fractions between 0 and 1. The first element gives the position of the node at the top of the window, relative to the widget as a whole (0.5 means it is halfway through the treeview window, for example). The second element gives the position of the node just after the last one in the window, relative to the widget as a whole. These are the same values passed to scrollbars via the -yscrollcommand option.
pathName yview tagOrId
  Adjusts the view in the window so that the node given by tagOrId is displayed at the top of the window.
pathName yview moveto fraction
  Adjusts the view in the window so that the node given by fraction appears at the top of the window. Fraction is a fraction between 0 and 1; 0 indicates the first node, 0.33 indicates the node one-third the way through the treeview widget, and so on.
pathName yview scroll number what
  This command adjusts the view in the window up or down according to number and what. Number must be an integer. What must be either units or pages. If what is units, the view adjusts up or down by number lines; if it is pages then the view adjusts by number screenfuls. If number is negative then earlier nodes become visible; if it is positive then later nodes become visible.

TREEVIEW EDITING

A column of data is editable when its -edit option is set to True For column 0, edit changes an entries -label option. For all other columns, edit will update the -data fields. Tree data traces can also be used for edit control. Most of the following applies to textbox styles. However, combobox and checkbox also generate <<TreeViewEditStart/End>> events while barbox and windowbox are not editable.

Text editing is aborted with <Escape> and finished with <Return>. A newline may be inserted with a <Control-r>. Native Tk widgets are now used for builtin editing, using the path $w.edit. By default an entry widget will be used, however, column editing options can be changed via -editopts and -validatecmd. Moreover, columns with a combobox style can provide popup list of options in a listbox using the following style options: -choices, -choicecmd, -choicekey, -choiceicons Two virtual events can be used to gain control the during edit: <<TreeViewEditStart>> and <<TreeViewEditEnd>>. The column index is passed in %x, and the entry-row index is passed in %y. eg.




treeview .t bind .t <<TreeViewEditStart>> {EditStart %W %x %y} bind .t <<TreeViewEditEnd>> {EditEnd %W %x %y}

These gain control at the start and end of editing respectively, and are general alternatives to -editopts -startcmd and -endcmd. For further details see blt::tv::EditCell in $blt_library/treeview.tcl.

TREEVIEW OPTIONS

In addition to the configure operation, widget configuration options may also be set by the Tk option command. The class resource name is TreeView.



option add *TreeView.Foreground white option add *TreeView.Background blue

The following widget options are available:
-activeicons images
  Specifies images to be displayed for an entry’s icon when it is active. Images is a list of two Tk images: the first image is displayed when the node is open, the second when it is closed.
-activeleaficons images
  Specifies images to be displayed for an leaf entry’s icon when it is active. Images is a list of two Tk images: the first image is displayed when the node is open, the second when it is closed.
-allowduplicates boolean
  If boolean is true, allow nodes with duplicate pathnames when inserting new nodes. Otherwise flag an error. The default is no.
-altstyle stylename
  Set a style to use on every other row. This provides a simple way to implement alternating row colors without explicitly setting entry options. Note -altstyle has limitations. Mostly it is used for setting the background, foreground and tile. Currently the font will not be used in height sizing, and the icon is ignored.
-autocreate boolean
  If boolean is true, automatically create missing ancestor nodes when inserting new nodes. Otherwise flag an error. The default is no.
-background color
  Sets the background color of the widget. The default is white.
-borderwidth pixels
  Sets the width of the 3-D border around the outside edge of the widget. The -relief option determines if the border is to be drawn. The default is 2.
-button string
  Indicates whether a entries should display button. If set to anything other than the default of auto, buttons will not be displayed.
-closecommand string
  Specifies a Tcl script to be invoked when a node is closed. You can overrider this for individual entries using the entry’s -closecommand option. The default is "". Percent substitutions are performed on string before it is executed. The following substitutions are valid:
%W The pathname of the widget.
%p The name of the node.
%P The full pathname of the node.
%# The id of the node.
%% Translates to a single percent.
-columnshowhighlight bool
  Enable display highlight color when column activated. Default is false.
-cursor cursor
  Specifies the widget’s cursor. The default cursor is "".
-dashes number
  Sets the dash style of the horizontal and vertical lines drawn connecting entries. Number is the length in pixels of the dashes and gaps in the line. If number is 0, solid lines will be drawn. The default is 1 (dotted).
-emptystyle stylename
  Set a style to be used for empty cells.
-entryshowhighlight bool
  Enable display highlight color when entry activated. Default is false.
-exportselection boolean
  Indicates if the selection is exported. If the widget is exporting its selection then it will observe the standard X11 protocols for handling the selection. Selections are available as type STRING; the value of the selection will be the label of the selected nodes, separated by newlines. The default is no.
-fillnull boolean
  Indicates that empty data columns are to be drawn anyways, and to apply the -nullstyle if defined. Turning this off will leave unsightly gaps where attributes (eg. background and underline) were normally expected to be displayed. The default is yes.
-flat boolean
  Indicates whether to display the tree as a flattened list. If boolean is true, then the hierarchy will be a list of full paths for the nodes. Hide and show are not supported in flat mode. This option also has affect on sorting. See the sort command for more information. The default is no.
-focusdashes dashList
  Sets the dash style of the outline rectangle drawn around the entry label of the node that current has focus. Number is the length in pixels of the dashes and gaps in the line. If number is 0, a solid line will be drawn. The default is 1.
-focusforeground color
  Sets the color of the focus rectangle. The default is black.
-focusheight value
  Set the height in pixels to reserve for focus highlighting above and below the line. The default is 1, but setting this to 0 will result in a more compact display.
-font fontName
  Specifies the font to use for text. The default is TkDefaultFont.
-foreground color
  Sets the text color of entry labels. You can override this for individual entries with the entry’s -foreground configuration option. The default is black.
-height pixels
  Specifies the requested height of widget. The default is 400.
-formatcmd scriptcmd
  Command called to format the displayed data value. Percent substitutions are performed on scriptcmd as per find -exec. The called command returns the value to be displayed. This may be overridden by column or style -formatcmd. For the tree column, has no effect when using -showfull with -flat.
-hidedataicons boolean
  If boolean is true, it indicates that data column icons (set via styles) should not be displayed. The default is no.
-hidedatatext boolean
  If boolean is true, it indicates that that data column text should not be displayed. The default is no.
-hideicons boolean
  If boolean is true, it indicates that tree column icons should not be displayed. The default is no.
-hideleaves boolean
  If boolean is true, it indicates that no leaves should be displayed. The default is no.
-hideroot boolean
  If boolean is true, it indicates that no entry for the root node should be displayed. The default is no.
-highlightbackground color
  Specifies the normal color of the traversal highlight region when the widget does not have the input focus.
-highlightcolor color
  Specifies the color of the traversal highlight rectangle when the widget has the input focus. The default is black.
-highlightthickness pixels
  Specifies the width of the highlight rectangle indicating when the widget has input focus. The value may have any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels. If the value is zero, no focus highlight will be displayed. The default is 2.
-icons images
  Specifies images for the entry’s icon. Images is a list of two Tk images: the first image is displayed when the node is open, the second when it is closed.
-imagecmd scriptcmd
  Specifies a command to call the first time an image is displayed for any image used in the -images, -*icon, and -*icons options. Percent substitutions is performed on scriptcmd as per find -exec, with the image name being used as the value (%V). The called command can either modify the image or set a new icon.

The main use of -imagecmd is to perform image loading on demand as they become visible for the first time. To use it, an icon option must be set with a placeholder image. When this becomes visible the first time, the callback will replaces it with a real image. The callback may also add tags, styles or even dynamically load data, eg.




proc ICMD {w id col img} { $w entry conf $id -icon blt::tv::normalFile #$img conf -file [GetFile $id $col] $w tag add addimg $id }

pack [treeview .t -imagecmd {ICMD %W %# %C %V}] foreach i {A B C} { .t insert end $i -icons [image create photo] }

-inlinedata bool
  Enables that data column values that start with a @ and are a list of length 2, are to be interpreted as an inline style or image name. If value is the name of an image, a style is created using the name of image with -icon set to that image. A style is applied to the cell in the manner of style set. Default is true.
-insertfirstnum
  Upon inserts use forward search of tree label for num elements, then fall back to a reverse search. The default is 1, which provides for very fast insertions at the begining or near the end of really long trees. Set to -1 for forward search only, for example, if using -allowduplicates.
-leaficons images
  Specifies images for a leaf entry’s icons. Images is a list of two Tk images: the first image is displayed when the node is open, the second when it is closed.
-levelpad pixels
  Indentation to add when displaying sub-tree levels.
-levelstyles stylenames
  Set a list of styles to use for entries at a given level. The first style is used for entries at level 1, the second for level 2, etc. This provides a simple way to specify colors for entries at a given level without explicitly setting entry options.
-linecolor color
  Sets the color of the connecting lines drawn between entries. The default is black.
-linespacing pixels
  Sets the number of pixels spacing between entries. The default is 0.
-linewidth pixels
  Set the width of the lines drawn connecting entries. If pixels is 0, no vertical or horizontal lines are drawn. The default is 1.
-minheight pixels
  Set the minimum height for entries. Default is 0.
-nextautonum
  For inserts at the root node, the start number for the next #auto insert. This is automatically incremented at each insert which speeds up bulk #auto inserts.
-nextsubautonum
  For inserts not into the root node, the number the next child #auto insert starts it’s search from. The default is 1.
-newtags boolean
  If boolean is true, when sharing a tree object (see the -tree option), don’t share its tags too. The default is 0.
-noautocloseleaf boolean
  If boolean is true, then opening a leaf node will leave it in open mode. The default is false, which automatically sets the mode of a leaf node back to closed without invoking -closecommand.
-nofocusselectbackground color
  Background select color when focus lost.
-nofocusselectforeground color
  Foreground select color when focus lost.
-openanchor string
  When a node with children is opened, defines the -anchor used to the see sub-command. Must be one of: n c s. The default is c.
-opencommand string
  Specifies a Tcl script to be invoked when a node is open. You can override this for individual entries with the entry’s -opencommand configuration option. The default is "". Percent substitutions are performed on string before it is executed. The following substitutions are valid:
%W The pathname of the widget.
%p The name of the node.
%P The full pathname of the node.
%# The id of the node.
%% Translates to a single percent.
-padx pixels
  Set the padding on left and right of widget.
-pady pixels
  Set the padding on top and bottom of widget.
-relief relief
  Specifies the 3-D effect for the widget. Relief specifies how the treeview widget should appear relative to widget it is packed into; for example, raised means the treeview widget should appear to protrude. The default is sunken.
-resizecursor string
  Cursor to use on resize.
-rootnode num
  Specifiy the node number that is to be the root. This allows a subtree to appear as the root. Multiple treeviews may share a tree with different root nodes, and thus supporting subviews. Default is 0.
-scrollmode mode
  Specifies the style of scrolling to be used. There are three different modes of scrolling: listbox, canvas, and hierbox. In listbox mode, the last entry can always be scrolled to the top of the widget. In hierbox mode, the last entry is always drawn at the bottom of the widget. The default is hierbox.
listbox Like the listbox widget, the last entry can always be scrolled to the top of the widget window. This allows the scrollbar thumb to shrink as the last entry is scrolled upward.
hierbox Like the hierbox widget, the last entry can only be viewed at the bottom of the widget window. The scrollbar stays a constant size.
canvas Like the canvas widget, the entries are bound within the scrolling area.
-scrolltile bool
  Specifies if tiling should scroll with widget. The default is false.
-selectbackground color
  Sets the background color selected node entries. The default is #ffffea.
-selectborderwidth pixels
  Sets the width of the raised 3-D border drawn around the labels of selected entries. The default is 0.
-selectcommand string
  Specifies a Tcl script to invoked when the set of selected nodes changes. The default is "".
-selectforeground color
  Sets the color of the labels of selected node entries while the widget has focus. The default is black.
-selectmode mode
  Specifies the selection mode. If mode is single, only one node can be selected at a time. If multiple more than one node can be selected. If none no selection is displayed. If cell or multicell then selection is for cells rather than whole nodes (rows). The default is single.
-selectrelief relief
  Specifies the 3-D effect of the selected text in the edit window. Relief indicates how the text should appear relative to the edit window; for example, raised means the text should appear to protrude. The default is flat.
-selecttile image
  Set a tile background image to use for selection.
-separator string
  Specifies the character sequence to use when spliting the path components. The separator may be several characters wide (such as "::") Consecutive separators in a pathname are treated as one. If string is the empty string, the pathnames are Tcl lists. If string is the none, no splitting will is done. Each element is a path component. The default is "".
-showfull boolean
  Show full path name when in -flat mode. The default is true.
-showtitles boolean
  If boolean is false, column titles are not be displayed. The default is yes.
-sortselection boolean
  If boolean is true, nodes in the selection are ordered as they are currently displayed (depth-first or sorted), not in the order they were selected. The default is no.
-stylecommand string
  Specifies a Tcl command to handle references to unknown styles. The call performs the same substitutions as the -exec option in the find command, except string is used for %V. The called command is expected to create the style. The default values is "%W style create textbox %V".

Dynamic creation is performed for any style used in the configure subcommands. It also handles inline data of the form for the image passed after the @ sign (see the -inlinedata option).

-substyle stylename
  Set a style for use with the -sublabel. Note: you can hide all sublabels by using a style with the -hide option set.
-takefocus focus
  Provides information used when moving the focus from window to window via keyboard traversal (e.g., Tab and Shift-Tab). If focus is 0, this means that this window should be skipped entirely during keyboard traversal. 1 means that the this window should always receive the input focus. An empty value means that the traversal scripts make the decision whether to focus on the window. The default is "1".
-tile image
  Set background tile image.
-titlefont font
  Font to use for titles.
-titlepad N
  Pad to add above and below title.
-tree tree
  Use an externally created data tree object. Using a tree command facilitates data access, tracing, and loading/saving. eg.



set t [tree create] set n 0 while {[incr n]<30000} { $t insert end -data {A 0 B 0} } pack [treeview .tv -tree $t] .tv column insert end A B

-trim string
  Specifies a string leading characters to trim from entry pathnames before parsing. This only makes sense if the -separator is also set. The default is "".
-underline height
  Draw an underline of the given height below each entry across its entire width. Use in conjunction with column reliefs this provides a grid like effect. The default height is 0.
-width pixels
  Sets the requested width of the widget. If pixels is 0, then the with is computed from the contents of the treeview widget. The default is 200.
-xscrollcommand string
  Specifies the prefix for a command used to communicate with horizontal scrollbars. Whenever the horizontal view in the widget’s window changes, the widget will generate a Tcl command by concatenating the scroll command and two numbers. If this option is not specified, then no command will be executed.
-xscrollincrement pixels
  Sets the horizontal scrolling distance. The default is 20 pixels.
-yscrollcommand string
  Specifies the prefix for a command used to communicate with vertical scrollbars. Whenever the vertical view in the widget’s window changes, the widget will generate a Tcl command by concatenating the scroll command and two numbers. If this option is not specified, then no command will be executed.
-yscrollincrement pixels
  Sets the vertical scrolling distance. The default is 20 pixels.

ENTRY OPTIONS

Many widget configuration options have counterparts in entries. For example, there is a -closecommand configuration option for both widget itself and for individual entries. Options set at the widget level are global for all entries. If the entry configuration option is set, then it overrides the widget option. This is done to avoid wasting memory by replicated options. Most entries will have redundant options.

There is no resource class or name for entries.
-activeicons images
  Specifies images to be displayed as the entry’s icon when it is active. This overrides the global -activeicons configuration option for the specific entry. Images is a list of two Tk images: the first image is displayed when the node is open, the second when it is closed.
-bindtags tagList
  Specifies the binding tags for nodes. TagList is a list of binding tag names. The tags and their order will determine how events are handled for nodes. Each tag in the list matching the current event sequence will have its Tcl command executed. The default value is all.
-button string
  Indicates whether a button should be displayed on the left side of the node entry. String can be yes, no, or auto. If auto, then a button is automatically displayed if the node has children. This is the default.
-closecommand string
  Specifies a Tcl script to be invoked when the node is closed. This overrides the global -closecommand option for this entry. The default is "". Percent substitutions are performed on string before it is executed. The following substitutions are valid:
%W The pathname of the widget.
%p The name of the node.
%P The full pathname of the node.
%# The id of the node.
%% Translates to a single percent.
-data list
  Initializes or change data fields for the node. List is a list of name-value pairs to be set. Note, this can not be used to unset or forget values for columns, meaning an empty list does nothing. For unsetting use entry unset. The default is "".
-font fontName
  Sets the font for entry row text. This overrides the widget’s -font option for this node.
-forcetree bool
  Force node to be treated as a tree, even if it has no children. This differs from -button above in that all drawing and querying aspects of the node are treated as a tree. This option is useful primarily for deferring loading until a tree is opened. The default is false.
-foreground color
  Sets the text color of the entry label. This overrides the widget’s -foreground configuration option. The default is "".
-height num
  Set height for entry.
-hide bool
  Hide the entry.
-icons images
  Specifies images to be displayed for the entry’s icon. This overrides the global -icons configuration option. Images is a list of two Tk images: the first image is displayed when the node is open, the second when it is closed.
-isopen bool
  Specify if the entries is in the open state. The default is false.
-label string
  Sets the text for the entry’s displayed label. If set to "", the label of the tree node is displayed The default is "" (see entry relabel).
-opencommand string
  Specifies a Tcl script to be invoked when the entry is opened. This overrides the widget’s -opencommand option for this node. The default is "". Percent substitutions are performed on string before it is executed. The following substitutions are valid:
%W The pathname of the widget.
%p The name of the node.
%P The full pathname of the node.
%# The id of the node.
%% Translates to a single percent.
-shadow color
  Set shadow color for text.
-state value
  Set the state of the entry where value is one of: normal, active, disabled. The default state is normal. When the state is set to disabled, the text color displays using -disabledforeground and the node ignores any attempted open or close.
-style stylename
  Set the style to use for the entry. This will override the column style, just as style set will override an entry style. This is useful mostly for seting bg/fg/font for a row. Other options may or may not do nothing. Note, setting icon in a style will apply to all value columns, but not the tree column.
-sublabel string
  Sets the text for the entry’s sub-label to be displayed to the right of the nodes -label value. This is rendered using the -substyle style.
-underline num
  Character to underline in an entries text label. Default is -1.
-userdata list
  Extra space available for storing user data.

BUTTON OPTIONS

Button configuration options may also be set by the option command. The resource subclass is Button. The resource name is always button.



option add *TreeView.Button.Foreground white option add *TreeView.button.Background blue

The following are the configuration options available for buttons.
-activebackground color
  Sets the background color of active buttons. A button is made active when the mouse passes over it or by the button activate operation.
-activeforeground color
  Sets the foreground color of active buttons. A button is made active when the mouse passes over it or by the button activate operation.
-activeimages images
  Specify images to use for active buttons.
-background color
  Sets the background of the button. The default is white.
-borderwidth pixels
  Sets the width of the 3-D border around the button. The -relief option determines if a border is to be drawn. The default is 1.
-closerelief relief
  Specifies the 3-D effect for the closed button. Relief indicates how the button should appear relative to the widget; for example, raised means the button should appear to protrude. The default is solid.
-cursor cursor
  Sets the widget’s cursor. The default cursor is "".
-foreground color
  Sets the foreground color of buttons. The default is black.
-images images
  Specifies images to be displayed for the button. Images is a list of two Tk images: the first image is displayed when the button is open, the second when it is closed. If the images is the empty string, then a plus/minus gadget is drawn. The default is "".
-openrelief relief
  Specifies the 3-D effect of the open button. Relief indicates how the button should appear relative to the widget; for example, raised means the button should appear to protrude. The default is flat.
-size pixels
  Sets the requested size of the button. The default is 0.

STYLE OPTIONS

Five style types are available: textbox, combobox, checkbox, barbox, windowbox. Autocreated styles are by default of type textbox. A barbox provides progressbars for numeric cell values. The special style windowbox supports embedded subwindows within data cells.

The resource subclass is the name of the style, titlized, ie.




option add *TreeView.TextBoxStyle.tvBackground white option add *TreeView.ComboBoxStyle.tvBackground green option add *TreeView.CheckBoxStyle.tvBackground blue

A default textbox style text comes predefined and is set for each columns -style option. Styles may also be associated with entry-rows and/or cells, as follows:




treeview .t -width 300 -height 200 pack .t -fill both -expand y .t col insert end Size Age Weight .t style create combobox MyStyle0 -bg red .t style create textbox MyStyle1 -bg blue .t style create textbox MyStyle2 -bg green .t style create textbox MyStyle3 -bg orange

.t col conf Size -style MyStyle0 foreach i {Able Baker Charlie} { .t insert end $i -data {Size 1 Age 2 Weight 3} } .t entry conf 2 -style MyStyle2 .t style set MyStyle3 Weight 3 .t insert end Empty .t conf -emptystyle MyStyle1

See also the widget options -altstyle, -emptystyle and -levelstyles. The following are available for all but the windowbox type. Note, some of these options are utilized only in particular contexts:
-activebackground color
  Specifies the active background color of a style. Alias is -activebg.
-activeforeground color
  Specifies the active foreground color of a style. Alias is -activefg.
-background color
  Background color override. Default is empty.
-cursor cursorname
  Specifies the cursor of a style. This cursor for the widget when an element is activated.
-editopts values
  Cell option name/value pairs for the builtin text edit facilty. These are appended to the columns -editopts. See column -editopts.
-font fontName
  Sets the font for a style.
-foreground color
  Specifies the foreground color of a style. Alias is -fg.
-gap N Specifies the gap.
-hide bool
  Values or subtext having a style with hide on are to be hidden. Columns and entries are unaffected.
-highlightbackground color
  Specifies the highlight background color of a style. Alias is -highlightbg.
-highlightforeground color
  Specifies the highlight foreground color of a style. Alias is -highlightfg.
-icon name
  Specifies the icon.
-priority N
  Specifies a priority for the style. Higher priorities are used for overriding bg/fg/font. The default 0.
-readonly bool
  Disallow editing for a cell whose column has -edit set to true. The default is False.
-shadow shadow
  Set shadow.
-tile img
  Set tiling.
The following additional configuration options are available for textbox:
-formatcmd scriptcmd
  Command called to format the displayed key-data value. Percent substitutions are performed on scriptcmd as per find -exec. The called command returns the value to be displayed.
-iconside N
  Specifies which side of the text the icon is placed. Default is left.
-side N Specifies which side of cell to anchor contents. Default is top.
The following additional configuration options are available for combobox:
-buttonicons icons
  A pair of icons to use for the button icon. The second icon is drawn when style activate is used on a cell (managed automatically by the editing code).
-borderwidth pixel
  Size of border.
-buttonborderwidth pixel
  Size of buttons border
-buttonrelief relief
  Relief of button.
-choicecmd cmd
  Command called to get the list of choices for editing, after the following substitutions: %X %Y %C %# %W %%. Used by the library proc blt::tv::EditCell which implements builtin editing.
-choicekey key
  Key field to in the current node to get the list of choices from.
-choices lst
  A list of choices for editing.
The following additional configuration options are available for checkbox:
-boxcolor color
  Color of box.
-boxsize num
  Size of box.
-checkcolor color
  Color of check.
-checkicons images
  A pair of icons to use to represent the on/off state instead of drawing a checkbox.
-fillcolor color
  Color of fill.
-halo num
  Halo around checkbox in which to accept a click. If num is less than zero, accept a click anywhere in the cell. The default is 0.
-linewidth num
  Line size.
-offvalue val
  Value representing off.
-onvalue val
  Value representing on.
-showvalue bool
  Show value as well..
The following additional configuration options are available for barbox:
-barbg color
  Color for the background of the bar. Default is the empty string.
-boxcolor color
  Color of box around bar.
-barfg color
  Color for the foreground of the bar. Default is green.
-barheight num
  Height of bar. Default 10.
-barwidth num
  Width of bar. Default 80.
-filltile tile
  Image to tile-fill bar with.
-formatcmd scriptcmd
  Command called to format the displayed value. Percent substitutions are performed on scriptcmd as per find -exec. The called command returns the value to be displayed.
-linewidth num
  Width of border around the bar. Default is 1.
-maxvalue val
  The maxiumum value. Default is 100.0.
-minvalue val
  The miniumum value. Default is 0.0.
-showvalue bool
  Show the numeric value.
Only the following configuration options are available with windowbox:
-minheight num
  Minimum height of window. Window height will be taller if the the entry height is greater than num. Default is 0.
-minwidth num
  Minimum width of window. Window width will be wider if the the column width is greater than num. Default is 0.
-sticky val
  Stickiness of the window inside the cell, as defined by the grid command. The default value is w.
-windowcmd string
  Command invoked to return window path. Percent substitutions are performed on string before it is executed. The following substitutions are valid:
%W The pathname of the widget.
%p The name of the node.
%P The full pathname of the node.
%# The id of the node.
%C The column identifier.
%% Translates to a single percent.

COLUMN OPTIONS

Column configuration options may also be set by the option command. The resource subclass is Column. The resource name is the name of the column.



option add *TreeView.Column.Foreground white option add *TreeView.treeView.Background blue

The following configuration options are available for columns.
-activetitlebackground color
  Active title background color.
-activetitleforeground color
  Active title foreground color.
-autowidth value
  If the maximum width of a column exceeds the given value, then the column width uses this value instead -width. When value is zero or -width is non-zero, has no effect. Allows setting a default column width limit, while still permitting the user to manually resize larger (unlike -max). The default value is 0.
-background color
  Sets the background color of the column. This overrides the widget’s -background option. The default is white.
-bindtags string
  Set binding tags for column.
-borderwidth pixels
  Sets the width of the 3-D border of the column. The -relief option determines if a border is to be drawn. The default is 0.
-colorpattern patcolors
  Alter foreground color based on a string match against the cell data value. Pattern/color pairs are specified in patcolors. If the pattern matches, then color becomes the foreground of the data cell. This provides a low-overhead way to display different colors depending only on the form of data.
-colorregexp patcolors
  Does the same thing as -colorpattern, except uses regexp instead, and has a lower priority.
-command string
  Set command for use by invoke. This is called everytime the column is selected. For example, sortable columns can be enabled by a setting this to {blt::tv::SortColumn %W %C}, or sort tree children of with {blt::tv::SortTree %W %C}. Note that SortColumn can temporarily change the treeview mode to -flat. The following substitutions are valid:
%W The pathname of the widget.
%C The column identifier.
%% Translates to a single percent.
-edit num
  Indicates if the column’s data fields can be edited via the builtin editing facility. If num is True the data fields in the column can be edited. The default is False.
-editopts values
  Sub-option pair settings for the builtin text edit facilty implemented by ::blt::tv::EditCol. Note, these are used only for cells with a style type of textbox and combobox. Following is partial documentation of the fBtextbox (or see ::blt::tv::EditCol $blt_library/treeview.tcl).
-allowtypes type
  List of types to allow text editing for, or * for all. The default is textbox.
-autonl bool
  Automatically use either an entry, spinbox or text as appropriate. The default is to use an entry widget. Text containing newlines will use a text widget. A column with combobox style where -choices or -choicecmd is set will use a spinbox.
-choices list
  List of choices for spinbox/combo.
-conf values
  Options to pass directly to the widget.
-embed bool
  When True the edit window is managed internally via an embedded windowbox style. When false place is used to manage the window. The default is False. An embedded window has advantages but will result in a re-layout at the begin and end of editing. Note: place is always used for the tree column.
-endcmd cmd
  Command to call at end of edit, after the new value is set. If a percent is found, command substitution occurs, otherwise the call appends 5 arguments: widget data olddata ind col.
-leafs bool
  Limit editing to leafs only. Default is false.
-nlkeys opt
  Keys for inserting newline in multiline edits. The default value is: <Control-r> <Shift-Return>.
-nottnull bool
  Do not edit empty fields that have not had data assigned to them. Default is false.
-optscmd cmd
  Command called to get options. Called with 3 args: widget ind col. Returns name/value pairs which are additional options as accepted by -editopts. To indicate that a cell is non-editable, return {-readonly True}.
-readonly bool
  Cell is readonly. Do not edit.
-sel bool
  Value is initially selected in edit window. Default is true.
-startcmd cmd
  Command to call at start of edit. If a percent is found, command substitution occurs, otherwise the 3 arguments are appended: widget ind col.
-tab opts
  Setup a bind for Tab in the edit window (bool or args passed to TabMove).
-titles bool
  Enable editing of the title label. Default is false.
-treelabel bool
  Edit -tree cmd label rather than treeview label. Default is true.
-type bool
  A basic wize type eg. bool, int, choice
-typecol column
  Column/key to get -type from.
-vcmd cmd
  Command to override the columns -validatecmd.
-widget wid
  The widget to use. Builtin support types are: spinbox, text, entry. The default is entry.
-withtag tag
  Edit only if has tag.
-withouttag tag
  Edit only if does not have tag.
-wrap value
  Setting for wrap mode when edit window is a text widget. Default is none.
For more generalized control of editing, bind to the <<TreeViewEditStart/End>> virtual events.
-font font
  Sets the font for the column. Currently, should not be mixed this with and a -style a font for the column.
-foreground color
  Sets the text color the column.
-fillcmd scriptcmd
  Demand load data into unset values, just prior to display. The call occurs the first time each entry is displayed in the column. Only cells not having a value/label set are updated. Before calling, the id is appended. The new value should be returned. For tree columns the result is used to set the entry label, otherwise it sets a data cell value. If an error is raised, the value is set to the empty string.

Here is an example that loads a large tree. It demonstrates that only the first dozen or so are update initially, and more as you scroll. A practical example might load data from a database.




set t [tree create] $t create -num 10000 pack [treeview .t -tree $t]

proc FillLabel {id} { puts "L$id"; return L$id } proc FillData {id} { return D$id } .t col conf #0 -fillcmd FillLabel .t col insert end A -fillcmd FillData

-hide boolean
  If boolean is true, the column is not displayed. The default is no.
-justify justify
  Specifies how the column data fields text should be justified within the column. This matters only when the column is wider than the data field to be display. Justify must be left, right, or center. The default is center.
-max size
  Maximum size for column.
-min size
  Minimum size for column.
-pad pad Specifies how much padding for the left and right sides of the column. Pad is a list of one or two screen distances. If pad has two elements, the left side of the column is padded by the first distance and the right side by the second. If pad has just one distance, both the left and right sides are padded evenly. The default is 2.
-relief relief
  Specifies the 3-D effect of the column. Relief specifies how the column should appear relative to the widget; for example, raised means the column should appear to protrude. The default is flat.
-ruledashes value
  Set resize rule is dashed.
-scrolltile bool
  Tile image scrolls.
-sortaltcolumns list
  List of alternate columns sort can use when cell values are equal. It is an error to include the current or tree column.
-sortcommand script
  Command to actually compare entries during sort.
-sortmode mode
  Used by scripts to set -mode for sort command (eg. blt::tv::SortColumn).
-state state
  Sets the state of the column. If state is disable then the column title can not be activated nor invoked. The default is normal.
-style stylename
  Set the style to use for column.
-tile image
  Image to tile column with.
-title string
  Sets the title for the column. The default is "".
-titlearrow value
  Forces an arrow to be drawn in the title. The value is one of: left right up down none and defaults to none. This is used when implementing custom sorts as the indicator.
-titlebackground color
  Background for title.
-titleborderwidth size
  Border size.
-titlefont font
  Font for column title.
-titlejustify just
  Side to place title.
-titleforeground color
  Sets the foreground color of the column title. The default is black.
-titlerelief relief
  Relief for title.
-titleshadow color
  Sets the color of the drop shadow of the column title. The default is "".
-titlestyle style
  A style to use for titles.
-width num
  The user requested width for the column.
-underline num
  Character to underline in column title text. Default is -1.
-validatecmd command
  This option provides a command for validating or post processing edits from the builtin column edit feature (enabled with col conf -edit 1). If a percent is found, command substitution occurs, otherwise 5 arguments are appended: widget data olddata ind col. The called command should return newvalue, possibly with modifications. To revert to the original value, just return $oldvalue To continue editing, use return -code return

-weight float
  Weighting to apply extra space.
-width pixels
  Sets the requested width of the column. This overrides the computed with of the column. If pixels is 0, the width is computed as from the contents of the column. The default is 0.

EMBEDDED WINDOWS

Embedded windows is supported for columns or cells via the special style type windowbox. If -windowcmd is not being used, the cell data is assumed to contain the widget name, or tail part of a widget name. If the data does not provide a valid window it is silently ignored and nothing is displayed. If multiple cells try to display the same widget simultaneously, only the first one appears. The normal Tk slave window rules apply (ie. must be child of the parent).

OLD TEXT EDITING OPTIONS

SECTION OBSOLETE.

This section is obsolete and has been replaced with builtin editing using a Tk entry widget. See TREEVIEW EDITING above.

Text edit window configuration options may also be set by the Tk option command. The resource class is TreeViewEditor. The resource name is always edit.




option add *TreeViewEditor.Foreground white option add *edit.Background blue

The following are the configuration options available for the text editing window.
-background color
  Sets the background of the text edit window. The default is white.
-borderwidth pixels
  Sets the width of the 3-D border around the edit window. The -relief option determines if a border is to be drawn. The default is 1.
-exportselection boolean
  Indicates if the text selection is exported. If the edit window is exporting its selection then it will observe the standard X11 protocols for handling the selection. Selections are available as type STRING. The default is no.
-relief relief
  Specifies the 3-D effect of the edit window. Relief indicates how the background should appear relative to the edit window; for example, raised means the background should appear to protrude. The default is solid.
-selectbackground color
  Sets the background of the selected text in the edit window. The default is white.
-selectborderwidth pixels
  Sets the width of the 3-D border around the selected text in the edit window. The -selectrelief option determines if a border is to be drawn. The default is 1.
-selectforeground color
  Sets the foreground of the selected text in the edit window. The default is white.
-selectrelief relief
  Specifies the 3-D effect of the selected text in the edit window. Relief indicates how the text should appear relative to the edit window; for example, raised means the text should appear to protrude. The default is flat.

DEFAULT BINDINGS

Tk automatically creates class bindings for treeviews that give them Motif-like behavior. Much of the behavior of a treeview widget is determined by its -selectmode option, which selects one of two ways of dealing with the selection.

If the selection mode is single, only one node can be selected at a time. Clicking button 1 on an node selects it and deselects any other selected item.

If the selection mode is multiple, any number of entries may be selected at once, including discontiguous ranges. Clicking Control-Button-1 on a node entry toggles its selection state without affecting any other entries. Pressing Shift-Button-1 on a node entry selects it, extends the selection.
[0] The virtual event <<TreeViewFocusEvent>> is generated for each keyboard and mouse initiated change in focus. It is up to the user to determine if the focus actually changed.
[1] In extended mode, the selected range can be adjusted by pressing button 1 with the Shift key down: this modifies the selection to consist of the entries between the anchor and the entry under the mouse, inclusive. The un-anchored end of this new selection can also be dragged with the button down.
[2] In extended mode, pressing button 1 with the Control key down starts a toggle operation: the anchor is set to the entry under the mouse, and its selection state is reversed. The selection state of other entries isn’t changed. If the mouse is dragged with button 1 down, then the selection state of all entries between the anchor and the entry under the mouse is set to match that of the anchor entry; the selection state of all other entries remains what it was before the toggle operation began.
[3] If the mouse leaves the treeview window with button 1 down, the window scrolls away from the mouse, making information visible that used to be off-screen on the side of the mouse. The scrolling continues until the mouse re-enters the window, the button is released, or the end of the hierarchy is reached.
[4] Mouse button 2 may be used for scanning. If it is pressed and dragged over the treeview widget, the contents of the hierarchy drag at high speed in the direction the mouse moves.
[5] If the Up or Down key is pressed, the location cursor (active entry) moves up or down one entry, as does Control-p and Control-n. If the selection mode is browse or extended then the new active entry is also selected and all other entries are deselected. In extended mode the new active entry becomes the selection anchor.
[6] In extended mode, Shift-Up and Shift-Down move the location cursor (active entry) up or down one entry and also extend the selection to that entry in a fashion similar to dragging with mouse button 1.
[7] The Left and Right keys scroll the treeview widget view left and right by the width of the character 0. Control-Left and Control-Right scroll the treeview widget view left and right by the width of the window.
[8] The Prior and Next keys scroll the treeview widget view up and down by one page (the height of the window), as does Control-u and Control-d.
[9] The Home and End keys scroll the treeview widget horizontally to the left and right edges, respectively.
[10] Control-Home sets the location cursor to the first entry, selects that entry, and deselects everything else in the widget.
[11] Control-End sets the location cursor to the last entry, selects that entry, and deselects everything else in the widget.
[12] In extended mode, Control-Shift-Home extends the selection to the first entry and Control-Shift-End extends the selection to the last entry.
[13] In multiple mode, Control-Shift-Home moves the location cursor to the first entry and Control-Shift-End moves the location cursor to the last entry.
[14] The space and Select keys make a selection at the location cursor (active entry) just as if mouse button 1 had been pressed over this entry.
[15] In extended mode, Control-Shift-space and Shift-Select extend the selection to the active entry just as if button 1 had been pressed with the Shift key down.
[16] In extended mode, the Escape key cancels the most recent selection and restores all the entries in the selected range to their previous selection state.
[17] Control-slash selects everything in the widget, except in single and browse modes, in which case it selects the active entry and deselects everything else.
[18] Control-backslash deselects everything in the widget, except in browse mode where it has no effect.
[19] The F16 key (labelled Copy on many Sun workstations) or Meta-w copies the selection in the widget to the clipboard, if there is a selection.
The behavior of treeview widgets can be changed by defining new bindings for individual widgets or by redefining the class bindings.

    WIDGET BINDINGS

In addition to the above behavior, the following additional behavior is defined by the default widget class (TreeView) bindings.
<ButtonPress-2> Starts scanning.
<B2-Motion> Adjusts the scan.
<ButtonRelease-2> Stops scanning.
<B1-Leave> Starts auto-scrolling.
<B1-Enter> Starts auto-scrolling
<KeyPress-Up> Moves the focus to the previous entry.
<KeyPress-Down> Moves the focus to the next entry.
<Shift-KeyPress-Up> Moves the focus to the previous sibling.
<Shift-KeyPress-Down> Moves the focus to the next sibling.
<KeyPress-Prior> Moves the focus to first entry. Closed or hidden entries are ignored.
<KeyPress-Next> Move the focus to the last entry. Closed or hidden entries are ignored.
<KeyPress-Left> Closes the entry. It is not an error if the entry has no children.
<KeyPress-Right> Opens the entry, displaying its children. It is not an error if the entry has no children.
<KeyPress-space> In "single" select mode this selects the entry. In "multiple" mode, it toggles the entry (if it was previous selected, it is not deselected).
<KeyRelease-space> Turns off select mode.
<KeyPress-Return> Sets the focus to the current entry.
<KeyRelease-Return> Turns off select mode.
<KeyPress> Moves to the next entry whose label starts with the letter typed.
<KeyPress-Home> Moves the focus to first entry. Closed or hidden entries are ignored.
<KeyPress-End> Move the focus to the last entry. Closed or hidden entries are ignored.
<Control-a> Move to parent of current entry.
<Control-o> Open current entry.
<Control-Shift-O> Open current entry recursively.
<Double-ButtonRelease-1> Edit cell.
<Alt-Double-ButtonRelease-1> Edit cell.
<Control-KeyPress-minus> Close parent of current entry.
<Control-F1> Opens all tree nodes.
<Control-F2> Closes all tree nodes (except root).
<Control-F3> Toggle flat mode.
<Control-F4> Reset all column widths back to 0 allowing autosizing.
<Control-Shift-O> Open focus tree node recursively.
<Control-Shift-C> Close focus tree node recursively.

    BUTTON BINDINGS

Buttons have bindings. There are associated with the "all" bindtag (see the entry’s -bindtag option). You can use the bind operation to change them.
<Enter> Highlights the button of the current entry.
<Leave> Returns the button back to its normal state.
<ButtonRelease-1> Adjust the view so that the current entry is visible.

    ENTRY BINDINGS

Entries have default bindings. There are associated with the "all" bindtag (see the entry’s -bindtag option). You can use the bind operation to modify them.
<Enter> Highlights the current entry.
<Leave> Returns the entry back to its normal state.
<ButtonPress-1> Sets the selection anchor the current entry.
<Double-ButtonPress-1> Toggles the selection of the current entry.
<B1-Motion> For "multiple" mode only. Saves the current location of the pointer for auto-scrolling. Resets the selection mark.
<ButtonRelease-1> For "multiple" mode only. Sets the selection anchor to the current entry.
<Shift-ButtonPress-1> For "multiple" mode only. Extends the selection.
<Shift-Double-ButtonPress-1> Place holder. Does nothing.
<Shift-B1-Motion> Place holder. Does nothing.
<Shift-ButtonRelease-1> Stop auto-scrolling.
<Control-ButtonPress-1> For "multiple" mode only. Toggles and extends the selection.
<Control-Double-ButtonPress-1> Place holder. Does nothing.
<Control-B1-Motion> Place holder. Does nothing.
<Control-ButtonRelease-1> Stops auto-scrolling.
<Control-Shift-ButtonPress-1> ???
<Control-Shift-Double-ButtonPress-1> Place holder. Does nothing.
<Control-Shift-B1-Motion> Place holder. Does nothing.

    COLUMN BINDINGS

Columns have bindings too. They are associated with the column’s "all" bindtag (see the column -bindtag option). You can use the column bind operation to change them.
<Enter> Highlights the current column title.
<Leave> Returns the column back to its normal state.
<ButtonRelease-1> Invokes the command (see the column’s -command option) if one if specified.

    COLUMN RULE BINDINGS

These are bindings associated with the tag Rule.
<Enter> Highlights the current and activates the ruler.
<Leave> Returns the column back to its normal state. Deactivates the ruler.
<ButtonPress-1> Sets the resize anchor for the column.
<B1-Motion> Sets the resize mark for the column.
<ButtonRelease-1> Adjust the size of the column, based upon the resize anchor and mark positions.

QUICKSTART

TreeFill is a utility function to simplify tree data loading from a human-readable string. The string uses line indentation to indicate tree depth. The indentation is in multiples of 4 spaces, relative to the first line. eg.



pack [treeview .t] .t column insert end X Y Z blt::tv::TreeFill .t { A 1 2 3 B 4 5 6 x 7 8 9 y 10 11 12 a 1 2 "Level a" b 1 2 "Level b" C 1 2 3 } .t open -trees all .t entry conf 0->B->y->a -state disabled

Any column names not defined are generated. To load a table instead of a tree, simply set the -flat option first. eg.




pack [treeview .t -flat 1] .t column conf #0 -hide 1 .t column insert end Name Age Sex blt::tv::TreeFill .t { "Tom Brown" 9 M "Mike Small" 8 M "Tina Baker" 7 F }

EXAMPLE

The treeview command creates a new widget.



treeview .t -bg white

A new Tcl command .t is also created. This command can be used to query and modify the treeview widget. For example, to change the background color of the table to "green", you use the new command and the widget’s configure operation.




# Change the background color. .t configure -background "green"

By default, the treeview widget will automatically create a new tree object to contain the data. The name of the new tree is the pathname of the widget. Above, the new tree object name is ".t". But you can use the -tree option to specify the name of another tree.




# View the tree "myTree". .t configure -tree "myTree"

When a new tree is created, it contains only a root node. The node is automatically opened. The id of the root node is always 0 (you can use also use the special id root). The insert operation lets you insert one or more new entries into the tree. The last argument is the node’s pathname.




# Create a new entry named "myEntry" set id [.t insert end "myEntry"]

This appends a new node named "myEntry". It will positioned as the last child of the root of the tree (using the position "end"). You can supply another position to order the node within its siblings.




# Prepend "fred". set id [.t insert 0 "fred"]

Entry names do not need to be unique. By default, the node’s label is its name. To supply a different text label, add the -label option.




# Create a new node named "fred" set id [.t insert end "fred" -label "Fred Flintstone"]

The insert operation returns the id of the new node. You can also use the index operation to get this information.




# Get the id of "fred" .t index "fred"

To insert a node somewhere other than root, use the -at switch. It takes the id of the node where the new child will be added.




# Create a new node "barney" in "fred". .t insert end "barney" -at $id

A pathname describes the path to an entry in the hierarchy. It’s a list of entry names that compose the path in the tree. Therefore, you can also add "barney" to "fred" as follows.




# Create a new sub-entry of "fred" .t insert end "fred barney"

Every name in the list is ancestor of the next. All ancestors must already exist. That means that an entry "fred" is an ancestor of "barney" and must already exist. But you can use the -autocreate configuration option to force the creation of ancestor nodes.




# Force the creation of ancestors. .t configure -autocreate yes .t insert end "fred barney wilma betty"

Sometimes the pathname is already separated by a character sequence rather than formed as a list. A file name is a good example of this. You can use the -separator option to specify a separator string to split the path into its components. Each pathname inserted is automatically split using the separator string as a separator. Multiple separators are treated as one.




.t configure -separator / .t insert end "/usr/local/tcl/bin"

If the path is prefixed by extraneous characters, you can automatically trim it off using the -trim option. It removed the string from the path before it is parsed.




.t configure -trim C:/windows -separator / .t insert end "C:/window/system"

You can delete entries with the delete operation. It takes one or more tags of ids as its argument. It deletes the entry and all its children.




.t delete $id

Entries have several configuration options. They control the appearance of the entry’s icon and label. We have already seen the -label option that sets the entry’s text label. The entry configure operation lets you set or modify an entry’s configuration options.




.t entry configure $id -color red -font fixed

You can hide an entry and its children using the -hide option.




.t entry configure $id -hide yes

More that one entry can be configured at once. All entries specified are configured with the same options.




.t entry configure $i1 $i2 $i3 $i4 -color brown # or ... .t entry configure [list $i1 $i2 $i3 $i4] -color brown

An icon is displayed for each entry. It’s a Tk image drawn to the left of the label. You can set the icon with the entry’s -icons option. It takes a list of two image names: one to represent the open entry, another when it is closed.




set im1 [image create photo -file openfolder.gif] set im2 [image create photo -file closefolder.gif] .t entry configure $id -icons "$im1 $im2"

If -icons is set to the empty string, no icons are display.

If an entry has children, a button is displayed to the left of the icon. Clicking the mouse on this button opens or closes the sub-hierarchy. The button is normally a + or - symbol, but can be configured in a variety of ways using the button configure operation. For example, the + and - symbols can be replaced with Tk images.




set im1 [image create photo -file closefolder.gif] set im2 [image create photo -file downarrow.gif] .t button configure $id -images "$im1 $im2" \ -openrelief raised -closerelief raised

Entries can contain an arbitrary number of data fields. Data fields are name-value pairs. Both the value and name are strings. The entry’s -data option lets you set data fields.




.t entry configure $id -data {mode 0666 group users}

The -data takes a list of name-value pairs.

You can display these data fields as columns in the treeview widget. You can create and configure columns with the column operation. For example, to add a new column to the widget, use the column insert operation. The last argument is the name of the data field that you want to display.




.t column insert end "mode"

The column title is displayed at the top of the column. By default, it’s is the field name. You can override this using the column’s -title option.




.t column insert end "mode" -title "File Permissions"

Columns have several configuration options. The column configure operation lets you query or modify column options.




.t column configure "mode" -justify left

The -justify option says how the data is justified within in the column. The -hide option indicates whether the column is displayed.




.t column configure "mode" -hide yes

Entries can be selected by clicking on the mouse. Selected entries are drawn using the colors specified by the -selectforeground and -selectbackground configuration options. The selection itself is managed by the selection operation.




# Clear all selections .t selection clear 0 end # Select the root node .t selection set 0

The curselection operation returns a list of ids of all the selected entries.




set ids [.t curselection]

You can use the get operation to convert the ids to their pathnames.




set names [eval .t get -full $ids]

If a treeview is exporting its selection (using the -exportselection option), then it will observe the standard X11 protocols for handling the selection. Treeview selections are available as type STRING; the value of the selection will be the pathnames of the selected entries, separated by newlines.

The treeview supports two modes of selection: single and multiple. In single select mode, only one entry can be selected at a time, while multiple select mode allows several entries to be selected. The mode is set by the widget’s -selectmode option.




.t configure -selectmode "multiple"

You can be notified when the list of selected entries changes. The widget’s -selectcommand specifies a Tcl procedure that is called whenever the selection changes.




proc SelectNotify { widget } { set ids [$widget curselection] } .t configure -selectcommand "SelectNotify .t"

The widget supports the standard Tk scrolling and scanning operations. The treeview can be both horizontally and vertically. You can attach scrollbars to the treeview the same way as the listbox or canvas widgets.




scrollbar .xbar -orient horizontal -command ".t xview" scrollbar .ybar -orient vertical -command ".t yview" .t configure -xscrollcommand ".xbar set" \ -yscrollcommand ".ybar set"

Entries can be programmatically opened or closed using the open and close operations respectively.




.t open $id .t close $id

When an entry is opened, a Tcl procedure can be automatically invoked. The -opencommand option specifies this procedure. This procedure can lazily insert entries as needed.




proc AddEntries { dir } { eval .t insert end [glob -nocomplain $dir/*] } .t configure -opencommand "AddEntries %P"

Now when an entry is opened, the procedure AddEntries is called and adds children to the entry. Before the command is invoked, special "%" substitutions (like bind) are performed. Above, %P is translated to the pathname of the entry.

The same feature exists when an entry is closed. The -closecommand option specifies the procedure.




proc DeleteEntries { id } { .t entry delete $id 0 end } .t configure -closecommand "DeleteEntries %#"

When an entry is closed, the procedure DeleteEntries is called and deletes the entry’s children using the entry delete operation (%# is the id of entry).

OLD TREEVIEW EDITS

NOTE: This section is OBSOLETE. Native Tk widgets are now used for editing..
When editing the subwidget .edit is available.
pathName.edit operation ?args?
  This operation is used to provide text editing for cells (data fields in a column) or entry labels. It has several forms, depending on operation:
pathName.edit apply
  Applies the edited buffer, replacing the entry label or data field. The edit window is hidden.
pathName.edit cancel
  Cancels the editing operation, reverting the entry label or data value back to the previous value. The edit window is hidden.
pathName.edit cget value
  Returns the current value of the configuration option given by option. Option may have any of the values accepted by the configure operation described below.
pathName.edit configure ?option value?
  Query or modify the configuration options of the edit window. If no option is specified, returns a list describing all of the available options (see Tk_ConfigureInfo for information on the format of this list). If option is specified with no value, then the command returns a list describing the one named option (this list will be identical to the corresponding sublist of the value returned if no option is specified). If one or more option-value pairs are specified, then the command modifies the given widget option(s) to have the given value(s); in this case the command returns an empty string. Option and value are described in the section TEXT EDITING OPTIONS below.
pathName.edit delete first last
  Deletes the characters in the edit buffer between the two given character positions.
pathName.edit get ?-root? x y
pathName.edit icursor index
pathName.edit index index
  Returns the text index of given index.
pathName.edit insert index string
  Insert the text string string into the edit buffer at the index index. For example, the index 0 will prepend the buffer.
pathName.edit selection args
  This operation controls the selection of the editing window. Note that this differs from the selection of entries. It has the following forms:
pathName.edit selection adjust index
  Adjusts either the first or last index of the selection.
pathName.edit selection clear
  Clears the selection.
pathName.edit selection from index
  Sets the anchor of the selection.
pathName.edit selection present
  Indicates if a selection is present.
pathName.edit selection range start end
  Sets both the anchor and mark of the selection.
pathName.edit selection to index
  Sets the unanchored end (mark) of the selection.

LABEL ISSUES

Entries take a -label option that can be used to specify the text to display. This is not the same thing as the node label.

By default labels are checked for duplicates by insert, which can slow down large (10k+) inserts. Setting -allowduplicates to 1 disables this checking.

An entries label can be changed either by by setting -allowduplicates to 1 and using treeviews entry relabel or by using trees label command.

Instead of lists, a separator can be specified with -separator. Thus for managing files we might use:




treeview .t -separator / -autocreate 1 .t insert end mann/text.n mann/canvas.n .t insert end Help Search Close -at root->mann->text.n pack .t

NOTES

Text cells in display height can be at most 64K pixels high per row.

KEYWORDS

treeview, widget
Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section n |  Main Index


BLT TREEVIEW (n) 2.5

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.