Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Contact Us
Online Help
Domain Status
Man Pages

Virtual Servers

Topology Map

Server Agreement
Year 2038

USA Flag



Man Pages


.ds Aq ’


Config::Model::Manual::ModelCreationAdvanced - Creating a model with advanced features



version 2.082


The page Config::Model::Manual::ModelCreationIntroduction explains what is a configuration tree and a configuration model and how to create a simple configuration model.

But a configuration model can be more complex and define interactions between elements with the following features:
o Model warp. For instance, Xorg driver options change depending on driver name (nvidia, radeon...)
o Simple computation from other elements (used for upgrades)
o References. For instance, in Xorg::Device::Radeon, Monitor-DVI-0 name must refer to one of the monitors declared in Monitor section.
Caveat: Xorg examples are based on Xorg 1.4 and may not be valid for Xorg 1.5 or 1.6

Model plugin

Config::Model can also use model plugins. Each model can be augmented by model snippets stored into directory <model_name>.d. All files found there will be merged to existing model.

For instance, this model in file .../Config/Model/models/Fstab/

    name => "Fstab::Fsline",
    element => [
        fs_vfstype => {
            type => leaf,
            value_type => enum,
            choice => [ qw/ext2 ext3/ ],
        fs_mntopts => {
            type => warped_node,
            follow => { f1 => - fs_vfstype },
            rules => [
                $f1 eq \ext2\, { config_class_name => Fstab::Ext2FsOpt },
                $f1 eq \ext3\, { config_class_name => Fstab::Ext3FsOpt },

can be augmented with the content of .../Config/Model/models/Fstab/Fsline.d/

    name => "Fstab::Fsline",
    element => [
        fs_vfstype => { choice => [ qw/ext4/ ], },
        fs_mntopts => {
            rules => [
                q!$f1 eq ext4!, { config_class_name => Fstab::Ext4FsOpt },
 } ;

Then, the merged model will feature fs_vfstype with choice ext2 ext4 ext4. Likewise, fs_mntopts will feature rules for the 3 filesystems.

Under the hood, augment_config_class in Config::Model method is used to load model snippets.

Model warp

From a user’s point of view, model warp will look like the structure or properties of the configuration is changing (or adapting) dynamically depending on the values being entered. For instance, when changing a driver name from fglrx to radeon, some options will disappear from the GUI and some other options will pop-in.

Model warping need not be that spectacular and can have more subtle effect like changing a default value.

Of course, there’s no magic, model warp properties needs to be prepared and declared in the model.

    Warped value

Let’s start simple with value warp: the properties of a single value is changed dynamically. Let’s imagine a configuration file with 2 values: size which can be set to big or small and length whose maximum value is 10 when size is small and 50 when size is big. (this may be dumb, but it’s for the sake of the example).

So the basic model without warp will be

 element => [
              size => { type => leaf,
                        value_type => enum,
                        choice     => [big,small],
              length => { type => leaf,
                          value_type => integer,
                          max => 10,

Now we need to declare the relationship between size and length to be able to change dynamically the max property.

This setup is made of 2 specifications:
o what is the element that will trigger the change (called warp master in the doc)
o what is the effect of the warp master change
The first is done with a declaration of the path to follow to find the warp master (associated to a variable). The second is a set of value properties:

 element => [
   size => {
     type => leaf,
     value_type => enum,
     choice     => [big,small],

   length => {
     type => leaf,
     value_type => integer,
     warp => {                         # change specification
       follow => {                     # declare what trigger the change
         size_type => - size         # size_type: go 1 level above and fetch
                                       #            size value
       rules  => {                     # how to apply change
         $size_type eq "small" => {  # set max to 10 when size is small
            max => 10
         $size_type eq "big"  => {   # set max to 50 when size is big
             max => 50 },

    Warp in or warp out an element

Here’s a real use case scenario from OpenSsh.

ssh_config enables a user to set up a tunnel through ssh. The input of this tunnel can listen to localhost (default) or to other hosts. These other hosts are specified by the bind_adress part of the LocalForward parameter.

But this bind address is ignored if GatewayPorts is false (which is the default).

In order to present only meaningful parameters to the user, bind_address parameter must be hidden when GatewayPorts is false and shown when GatewayPorts is true.

Here’s the recipe. First create a boolean element for GatewayPorts:

 GatewayPorts => {
    type => leaf,
    value_type => boolean,
    upstream_default => 0,

And LocalForward that will provide bind_address parameter:

 LocalForward => {
   type => list,
   cargo => {
     type => node,
     config_class_name => Ssh::PortForward
   summary => Local port forwarding,

In Ssh::PortForward configuration class, declare bind_address with the warp instructions:

 bind_address => {
   type => leaf,
   value_type => uniline,
   level => hidden,             # by default, is hidden from user
   warp => {                      # instructions to show bind_address
     follow => {                  # specify what does trigger the change
        gp => - - GatewayPorts  # gp: go to 2 levels above in tree (- -) and
                                  #     fetch GatewayPorts value
     rules => [                   # specify how to apply the change triggered by gp
       $gp => {                 # apply change when $gp is true
           level => normal      # set level to normal (instead of hidden). This change
                                  #     will show this parameter in the UI

    warped node

Sometimes, warping a value line by line is not practical. For instance, in /etc/fstab the mount options of a file system change drastically from one file system to another. In this case, it’s better to swap a configuration class with another.

For instance, swap vfat mount options with ext3 mount options when a file system is changed from vfat to ext3.

Here’s how this can be done. First declare the fstype parameter:

 fs_vfstype => {
   type => leaf,
   mandatory => 1,
   value_type => enum,
   choice => [ auto, davfs, vfat, ext2, ext3, ] , # etc ...

Then declare mntopts as a <B>warped_nodeB> (not a simple node)) that will use fs_vfstype to swap one config class with another:

 fs_mntopts => {
   type => warped_node, # a shape-shifting node
   follow => {
     f1 => - fs_vfstype , # use fs_vfstype as a trigger
   rules => [
     # condition     => effect: config class to swap in

     "$f1 eq proc" => { config_class_name => Fstab::CommonOptions },
     "$f1 eq auto" => { config_class_name => Fstab::CommonOptions },
     "$f1 eq vfat" => { config_class_name => Fstab::CommonOptions },
     "$f1 eq swap" => { config_class_name => Fstab::SwapOptions   },
     "$f1 eq ext3" => { config_class_name => Fstab::Ext3FsOpt     },
     # etc ...


Computation and migrations

    Cascaded warp

Config::Model also supports cascaded warps: A warped value is dependent on another value which is itself a warped value.

Feedback welcome

Feel free to send comments and suggestion about this page at

 config-model-users at lists dot sourceforge dot net.


Dominique Dumont <ddumont at>


Dominique Dumont


This software is Copyright (c) 2005-2016 by Dominique Dumont.

This is free software, licensed under:

  The GNU Lesser General Public License, Version 2.1, February 1999

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 3 |  Main Index


Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.