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Manual Reference Pages  -  CONFIG::VERSIONED (3)

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Config::Versioned - Simple, versioned access to configuration data



    use Config::Versioned;

    my $cfg = Config::Versioned->new();
    my $param1 = $cfg->get(;
    my $old1 = $cfg->get(, $version);
    my @keys = $cfg->list(subsys1.db);


Config::Versioned allows an application to access configuration parameters not only by parameter name, but also by version number. This allows for the configuration subsystem to store previous versions of the configuration parameters. When requesting the value for a specific attribute, the programmer specifies whether to fetch the most recent value or a previous value.

This is useful for long-running tasks such as in a workflow-based application where task-specific values (e.g.: profiles) are static over the life of a workflow, while global values (e.g.: name of an LDAP server to be queried) should always be the most recent.

Config::Versioned handles the versions by storing the configuration data in an internal Git repository. Each import of configuration files into the repository is documented with a commit. When a value is fetched, it is this commit that is referenced directly when specifying the version.

The access to the individual attributes is via a named-parameter scheme, where the key is a dot-separated string.

Currently, Config::Std is used for the import of the data files into the internal Git repository. Support for other configuration modules (e.g.: Config::Any) is planned.



This is invoked automatically via import(). It is called when running the following code:

 use Config::Versioned;

The init() method reads the configuration data from the configuration files and populates an internal data structure.

Optionally, parameters may be passed to init(). The following named-parameters are supported:
path Specifies an anonymous array contianing the names of the directories to check for the configuration files.

 path => qw( /etc/yourapp/etc /etc/yourapp/local/etc . ),

The default path is just the current directory.

filename Specifies the name of the configuration file to be found in the given path.

 filename => qw( yourapp.conf ),

If no filename is given, no new configuration data will be imported and the internal git repository will be used.

dbpath The directory for the internal git repository that stores the config.

 dbpath => qw( config.git ),

The default is cfgver.git.

author_name, author_mail The name and e-mail address to use in the internal git repository for commits.
autocreate If no internal git repository exists, it will be created during code initialization. Note that if an import filename is specified, this automatically sets autocreate to true.

 autocreate => 1,

The default is 0.

Note: this option might become deprecated. I just wanted some extra insurance during the early stages of development.

commit_time This sets the time to use for the commits in the internal git repository. It is used for debugging purposes only!

Note: this must be a DateTime object instance.

delimiter Specifies the delimiter used to separate the different levels in the string used to designate the location of a configuration parameter. [Default: ’.’]
delimiter_regex Specifies the delimiter used to separate the different levels in the string used to designate the location of a configuration parameter. [Default: qr/ \. /xms]
log_get_callback Specifies a callback function to be called by get() after fetching the value for the given key. The subroutine should accept the parameters LOCATION, VERSION, VALUE. The VALUE may either be a single scalar value or an array reference containing a list of values.

    sub cb_log_get {
        my $self = shift;
        my $loc = shift;
        my $ver = shift;
        my $val = shift;

        warn "Access config parameter: $loc ($ver) => ",
            ref($val) eq ARRAY
                ? join(, , @{ $val })
                : $val,
    my $cfg = Config::Versioned->new( { log_get_callback => cb_log_get } );

Note: if log_get_callback is a code ref, it will be called as a function. Otherwise, the log_get_callback will specify a method name that is to be called on the current object instance.

    BUILD( { PARAMS } )

NOTE: This is used internally, so the typical user shouldn’t bother with this.

This is called after an object is created. When cloning, it is important that the new instance gets a reference to the same Git::PurePerl instance. This will prevent two instances from getting out of sync if modifications are made to the configuration data at runtime. To handle this, the parameter ’GITREF’ must be passed when cloning.

Note 2: this should be handled automatically in the _near_ future.

    my $cv2 = $cv1->new( GITREF => $cv1->_git() );

    get( LOCATION [, VERSION ] )

This is the accessor for fetching the value(s) of the given parameter. The value may either be zero or more elements.

In list context, the values are returned. In scalar context, undef is returned if the variable is empty. Otherwise, the first element is returned.

Optionally, a VERSION may be specified to return the value for that specific version.

    kind ( LOCATION [, VERSION ] )

The get() method tries to return a scalar when the location corresponds to a single value and a list when the location has child nodes. Sometimes, however, it is helpful to have a definitive answer on what a location contains.

The kind() method returns the object type that the given location accesses. This can be one of the following values:
tree The given location contains a tree object containing zero or more child objects. The get() method will return a list of the entry names.
blob The data node that usually contains a scalar value, but in future implementations may contain other encoded data.
<B>Note:B> As a side-effect, this can be used to test whether the given location exists at all in the configuration. If not found, undef is returned.

    listattr( LOCATION [, VERSION ] )

This fetches a list of the parameters available for a given location in the configuration tree.

    dumptree( [ VERSION ] )

This fetches the entire tree for the given version (default: newest version) and returns a hashref to a named-parameter list.


This returns the current version of the configuration database, which happens to be the SHA1 hash of the HEAD of the internal git repository.

Optionally, a version hash may be passed and version() will return a true value if it is found.



Initializes the internal git repository used for storing the config values.

If the objects directory in the dbpath does not exist, an init() on the Git::PurePerl class is run. Otherwise, the instance is initialized using the existing bare repository.

On error, it returns undef and the reason is in $@.


Creates an anonymous scalar for representing symlinks in the tree structure.

    parser ARGS

Imports the configuration read and writes it to the internal database. If no filename is passed as an argument, then it will quietly skip the commit.

Note: if you override this method in a child class, it must create an anonymous hash tree and pass the reference to the commit() method. Here is a simple example:

    sub parser {
        my $self = shift;
        my $args = shift;
        $args->{comment} = import from my perl hash;
        my $cfg = {
            group1 => {
                subgroup1 => {
                    param1 => val1,
                    param2 => val2,
            group2 => {
                subgroup1 => {
                    param3 => val3,
                    param4 => val4,
            # This creates a symlink from group3.subgroup3 to connector1/group4.
            # Note the use of the scalar reference using the backslash.
            group3 => {
                subgroup3 => \connector1/group4,

        # pass original args, appended with a comment string for the commit
        $self->commit( $cfg, $args );

In the comment, you should include details on where the config came from (i.e.: the filename or directory).

    commit CFGHASH[, ARGS]

Import the configuration tree in the CFGHASH anonymous hash and commit the modifications to the internal git bare repository.

ARGS is a ref to a named-parameter list (e.g. HASH) that may contain the following keys to override the instance defaults:

    author_name, author_mail, comment, commit_time

    _mknode LOCATION

Creates a node at the given LOCATION, creating parent nodes if necessary.

A reference to the node at the LOCATION is returned.

    _findobjx LOCATION [, VERSION ]

Returns the Git::PurePerl and Git::PurePerl::DirectoryEntry objects found in the file path at LOCATION.

    my ($ref1, $de1) = $cfg->_findnode("smartcard.ldap.uri");
    my $ref2, $de2) = $cfg->_findnode("certs.signature.duration", $wfcfgver);

In most cases, the _findobj version is sufficient. This extended version is used to look at the attribtes of the directory entry for things like whether the blob is a symlink.

    _findobj LOCATION [, VERSION ]

Returns the Git::PurePerl object found in the file path at LOCATION.

    my $ref1 = $cfg->_findnode("smartcard.ldap.uri");
    my $ref2 = $cfg->_findnode("certs.signature.duration", $wfcfgver);

    _get_sect_key LOCATION

Returns the section and key needed by Config::Std to access the configuration values. The given LOCATION is split on the last delimiter. The resulting section and key are returned as a list.

    _which( NAME, DIR ... )

Searches the directory list DIR, returning the full path in which the file NAME was found.

    _read_config_path SELF, FILENAME, CFGREF, PATH

Searches for FILENAME in the given directories in PATH. When found, the file is parsed and a data structure is written to the location in CFGREF.

Note: this is the wrapper around the underlying libs that read the configuration data from the files.

    _debugtree( OBJREF | SHA1 )

This fetches the entire tree for the given SHA1 and dumps it in a human-readable format.


Return hexdump of given data.


Was based on the CPAN module App::Options, but since been converted to Moose.


Scott T. Hardin, <mrscotty at>

Martin Bartosch

Oliver Welter


Please report any bugs or feature requests to bug-config-versioned at, or through the web interface at <>. I will be notified, and then you’ll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes.


You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

    perldoc Config::Versioned

You can also look for information at:
o RT: CPAN’s request tracker


o AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation


o CPAN Ratings


o Search CPAN



Copyright 2011 Scott T. Hardin, all rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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perl v5.20.3 CONFIG::VERSIONED (3) 2014-06-18

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