GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Linux VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Solaris Unix Commands

bullet Introduction
You shouldn't concern yourself with becoming a Solaris UNIX guru to manage your Virtual Private Servers, you simply need a basic knowledge of a few easy-to-use UNIX commands. This list is by no means comprehensive, but it should be enough to get you started.

C O M M A N D   L I S T

cd | pwd | ls | cat | mkdir | rmdir | cp | mv | rm | grep | tar | compress | uncompress

cd [directory]
The cd command changes your current working directory to the directory you specify.

DOS Equivalent: cd

pwd The pwd command prints your current (or present) working directory.

Usage: Simply type "pwd" and hit return to display your current working directory.

ls [directory]
The ls command lists the files and subdirectories in the directory you specify. If no directory is specified, a list of the files and subdirectories in the current working directory is displayed.

Usage: The ls command will display all files in the current working directory - simply type "ls" and hit return. You can also add some additional arguments to customize the list display.

If you type "ls -F" it will append a forward slash to the subdirectory names so you can easily distinguish them from file names.

If you type "ls -a" it will show all "hidden files". Hidden files begin with a ".", i.e. ".htaccess" files.

If you type "ls -l" it will show detailed information about each file and directory, including permissions, ownership, file size, and when the file was last modified.

You can mix the arguments, i.e. if you type "ls -aF" you will see a list of all file names (including hidden files and a forward slash will be appended to directory names.

DOS Equivalent: dir

cat [filename]
The cat command displays the contents of the filename you specify. If you want to display the file one screen at a time try "cat [filename] | more" or simply "more [filename]" (you've probably done this at a DOS prompt- "type [filename] | more").

DOS Equivalent: type

mkdir [directory]
The mkdir command makes a new directory with the name, directory, that you specify. Simply type "mkdir [directory name]" and hit return.

DOS Equivalent: md or mkdir

rmdir [directory]
The rmdir command removes the directory that you specify. Simply type "rmdir [directory name]" and hit return.

DOS Equivalent: rd or rmdir

cp [source-file] [target-file]
The cp command copies a source-file to a target-file. Simply type "cp [source-file] [target-file]" and hit return. You can specify pathnames as part of the file specification. If target-file exists then it is overwritten.

DOS Equivalent: copy

mv [source-file] [target-file]
The mv command renames a file or moves it to a new location. Simply type "mv [source-file] [target-file]" and hit return. You can specify pathnames as part of the file specification. If target-file exists then it is overwritten.

DOS Equivalent: rename

rm [filename]
The rm command deletes (removes) a file. Simply type "rm [filename]" and hit return. You can specify pathnames as part of the file specification.

DOS Equivalent: del

grep [pattern] [filenames]
The grep command finds lines in files that match specified text patterns. Simply type "grep [pattern] [filenames]" and hit return. You can specify pathnames as part of the file specification. For example if you want to search for a patter "gif" in all html files in your current working directory, you would type "grep gif *.html" and hit return. The grep command would then list all occurrences of "gif" it finds in .html files in the current working directory.

DOS Equivalent: find

tar [options] [tarfile] [files]
The tar command copies a file or files to or from an archive. To put all the files in a directory into one tar format file, simply type "tar cvf tarfile directory" at a telnet command prompt and replace tarfile with the name you want to call your archived file, and replace directory with the name of the directory that contains the files you want to tar.

To extract the files from a tar format archive, simply type "tar xvf tarfile at a telnet command prompt and replace tarfile with the name of the archived file you are extracting.

For example, you could type tar cvf pages.tar htdocs" at a telnet command prompt to archive the files in the htdocs directory to a tar format file called pages.tar.

To view the contents of the pages.tar tarfile without extracting them, type "tar tvf pages.tar". This will display all files that are included in the tar archive.

You could also type "tar xvf pages.tar" at a telnet command prompt to extract into the current directory the files in the archive pages.tar.

compress [files]

The compress command shrinks a file or files into compressed versions to save space on your Virtual Private Servers. This command is good for you to use on your log files when they get very large. Simply type "compress filename(s)" at a telnet command prompt and replace filename(s) with the name of your files you want to compress.

For example, type "compress access_log agent_log" at a telnet command prompt to compress the access_log and agent_log files. The compressed files will then be access_log.Z and agent_log.Z.

uncompress [files]
The uncompress command expands a compressed file or set of compressed files. Simply type "uncompress filename(s)" and hit return.

 

bullet Documentation
If you would like to know more about a particular COMMAND, you can consult the online manual page (manpage) by connecting to your Virtual Private Server via Telnet or SSH and issuing the following command.
% man COMMAND


Toll Free 1-866-GSP-4400 • 1-301-464-9363 • service@gsp.com
Copyright © 1994-2013 GSP Services, Inc.