Your Virtual Private Servers Apache
Web Server supports user authentication. In other
words, it allows you to create password protected directories on
your Virtual Private Servers web site. Let's say you want to restrict
access to a the following directory to those with a valid username
You can do this by connecting to your Virtual Private Servers via Telnet
or SSH and following the steps below.
Create a file named .htaccess
in your ~/www/htdocs/billy directory that allows only
allow one user (
William) to access the directory.
The .htaccess file must reside in the ~/www/htdocs/billy
directory in order to control access to the ~/www/htdocs/billy
You can either create the .htaccess
file while connected to your Virtual Private Servers (using
a file editor like pico, for example) or you can create
the file on your own PC and Upload
it to your Virtual Private Servers. The file should contain
the following text, depending on your Virtual Private Servers
AuthName "Bill's Restaurant"
require user William
Use the htpasswd command
to set a password for the new user.
Substitute your Virtual Private
Servers login name for
% htpasswd -c /usr/home/LOGIN-NAME/etc/.htpasswd William
You are free to use a different
name or directory location for the password file. Just change
above to whatever you want.
-c flag indicates
that you are adding a user to the /etc/.htpasswd for
the first time. When you add more users and passwords to the
same password file, the
-c flag is not necessary.
% htpasswd /usr/home/LOGIN-NAME/etc/.htpasswd peanuts
% htpasswd /usr/home/LOGIN-NAME/etc/.htpasswd almonds
% htpasswd /usr/home/LOGIN-NAME/etc/.htpasswd walnuts
The best place to learn about user authentication is from the source
NOTE: You should be aware of one
subtle difference with the Virtual Private Servers system. When you set up your .htaccess
files, you specify the
with respect to your home directory. However, when you set up your .htpasswd
files with the htpasswd command you need to prepend
to the directory specification.
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