GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages
BUILTIN(1) FreeBSD General Commands Manual BUILTIN(1)

builtin, !, %, ., :, @, [, {, }, alias, alloc, bg, bind, bindkey, break, breaksw, builtins, case, cd, chdir, command, complete, continue, default, dirs, do, done, echo, echotc, elif, else, end, endif, endsw, esac, eval, exec, exit, export, false, fc, fg, filetest, fi, for, foreach, getopts, glob, goto, hash, hashstat, history, hup, if, jobid, jobs, kill, limit, local, log, login, logout, ls-F, nice, nohup, notify, onintr, popd, printenv, printf, pushd, pwd, read, readonly, rehash, repeat, return, sched, set, setenv, settc, setty, setvar, shift, source, stop, suspend, switch, telltc, test, then, time, times, trap, true, type, ulimit, umask, unalias, uncomplete, unhash, unlimit, unset, unsetenv, until, wait, where, which, while
shell built-in commands

See the built-in command description in the appropriate shell manual page.

Shell builtin commands are commands that can be executed within the running shell's process. Note that, in the case of csh(1) builtin commands, the command is executed in a subshell if it occurs as any component of a pipeline except the last.
If a command specified to the shell contains a slash ‘/’, the shell will not execute a builtin command, even if the last component of the specified command matches the name of a builtin command. Thus, while specifying “echo” causes a builtin command to be executed under shells that support the echo builtin command, specifying “/bin/echo” or “./echo” does not.
While some builtin commands may exist in more than one shell, their operation may be different under each shell which supports them. Below is a table which lists shell builtin commands, the standard shells that support them and whether they exist as standalone utilities.
Only builtin commands for the csh(1) and sh(1) shells are listed here. Consult a shell's manual page for details on the operation its builtin commands. Beware that the sh(1) manual page, at least, calls some of these commands “built-in commands” and some of them “reserved words”. Users of other shells may need to consult an info(1) page or other sources of documentation.
Commands marked “No**” under External do exist externally, but are implemented as scripts using a builtin command of the same name.
Command External csh(1) sh(1)
No No Yes
No Yes No
No No Yes
No Yes Yes
No Yes No
Yes No Yes
No No Yes
No No Yes
No** Yes Yes
No Yes No
No** Yes Yes
No No Yes
No Yes No
No Yes Yes
No Yes No
No No Yes
No Yes No
No Yes Yes
No** Yes Yes
No Yes Yes
No** No Yes
No Yes No
No Yes Yes
No Yes No
No Yes No
No No Yes
No No Yes
Yes Yes Yes
No Yes No
No No Yes
No Yes Yes
No Yes No
No Yes No
No Yes No
No No Yes
No Yes Yes
No Yes Yes
No Yes Yes
No No Yes
Yes No Yes
No** No Yes
No** Yes Yes
No Yes No
No No Yes
No No Yes
No Yes No
No** No Yes
No Yes No
No Yes No
No** No Yes
No Yes No
No Yes No
No Yes No
No Yes Yes
No No Yes
No** Yes Yes
Yes Yes Yes
No Yes No
No No Yes
No Yes No
Yes Yes No
No Yes No
No Yes No
Yes Yes No
Yes Yes No
No Yes No
No Yes No
No Yes No
Yes Yes No
Yes No Yes
No Yes No
Yes No Yes
No** No Yes
No No Yes
No Yes No
No Yes No
No No Yes
No Yes No
No Yes Yes
No Yes No
No Yes No
No Yes No
No No Yes
No Yes Yes
No Yes No
No Yes No
No Yes No
No Yes No
No Yes No
Yes No Yes
No No Yes
Yes Yes No
No No Yes
No No Yes
Yes No Yes
No** No Yes
No** No Yes
No** Yes Yes
No** Yes Yes
No Yes No
No Yes No
No Yes No
No Yes Yes
No Yes No
No No Yes
No** Yes Yes
No Yes No
Yes Yes No
No Yes Yes

csh(1), echo(1), false(1), info(1), kill(1), login(1), nice(1), nohup(1), printenv(1), printf(1), pwd(1), sh(1), test(1), time(1), true(1), which(1)

The builtin manual page first appeared in FreeBSD 3.4.

This manual page was written by Sheldon Hearn <sheldonh@FreeBSD.org>.
December 21, 2010 FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 1 |  Main Index

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with ManDoc.