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doveadm-flags - add, remove or replace messages' flags

doveadm [-Dv] flags [-S socket_path] command flags search_query
doveadm [-Dv] flags [-S socket_path] command flags search_query -A
doveadm [-Dv] flags [-S socket_path] command flags search_query -F file
doveadm [-Dv] flags [-S socket_path] command flags search_query -u user

This command is used to manipulate flags of messages.

Global doveadm(1) options:
Enables verbosity and debug messages.
-o setting=value
Overrides the configuration setting from /usr/local/etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf and from the userdb with the given value. In order to override multiple settings, the -o option may be specified multiple times.
Enables verbosity, including progress counter.

Command specific options:

If the -A option is present, the command will be performed for all users. Using this option in combination with system users from userdb { driver = passwd } is not recommended, because it contains also users with a lower UID than the one configured with the first_valid_uid setting.

When the SQL userdb module is used make sure that the iterate_query setting in /usr/local/etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext matches your database layout. When using the LDAP userdb module, make sure that the iterate_attrs and iterate_filter settings in /usr/local/etc/dovecot/dovecot-ldap.conf.ext match your LDAP schema. Otherwise doveadm(1) will be unable to iterate over all users.

-F file
Execute the command for all the users in the file. This is similar to the -A option, but instead of getting the list of users from the userdb, they are read from the given file. The file contains one username per line.
-S socket_path
The option's argument is either an absolute path to a local UNIX domain socket, or a hostname and port (hostname:port), in order to connect a remote host via a TCP socket.

This allows an administrator to execute doveadm(1) mail commands through the given socket.

-u user/mask
Run the command only for the given user. It's also possible to use '*' and '?' wildcards (e.g. -u *
When neither the -A option, nor the -F file option, nor the -u user was specified, the command will be executed with the environment of the currently logged in user.

Message flags as described in RFC 3501, section 2.3.2 (Flags Message Attribute): \Answered, \Deleted, \Draft, \Flagged, \Recent and \Seen. And the IMAP keywords $Forwarded, $MDNSent, $SubmitPending and $Submitted or user-defined keywords, e.g. Junk, $NonSpam or $Label1.
One or multiple flags and/or keywords can be specified.
Manipulate the flags of messages matching the given search query. See doveadm-search-query(7) for details.

doveadm flags add [-u user|-A|-F file] [-S socket_path] flags search_query

This command is used to extend the current set of flags with the given flags.

doveadm flags remove [-u user|-A|-F file] [-S socket_path] flags search_query

In order to remove the given flags from the current set of flags, use this command.

doveadm flags replace [-u user|-A|-F file] [-S socket_path] flags search_query

This command is used to replace ALL current flags with the given flags.

List and manipulate the message flags of the message with uid 81563

doveadm fetch -u bob 'uid flags' mailbox dovecot uid 81563
uid: 81563
flags: \Answered \Seen NonJunk
doveadm flags remove -u bob NonJunk mailbox dovecot uid 81563
doveadm flags add -u bob '\Flagged $Forwarded' mailbox dovecot uid 81563

Report bugs, including doveconf -n output, to the Dovecot Mailing List <>. Information about reporting bugs is available at:

doveadm(1), doveadm-fetch(1), doveadm-search-query(7)
2015-05-09 Dovecot v2.3

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