Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Contact Us
Online Help
Domain Status
Man Pages

Virtual Servers

Topology Map

Server Agreement
Year 2038

USA Flag



Man Pages
HOST-SETUP(1) FreeBSD General Commands Manual HOST-SETUP(1)

System configuration setup/management utility

host-setup [

The host-setup is a dialog(1) (or Xdialog(1)) based utility for configuring your system. Built on the same safety and reliability of sysrc(8) to manage changes to rc.conf(5), host-setup can also activate changes to the system in a safe and effective manner. Functionality includes (but may not be limited to):
- Configuring Time Zone
- Configuring Hostname/Domain
- Configuring Network Interfaces
- Configuring Default Router/Gateway
- Configuring DNS nameservers
The following options are available:
Print a usage message to stderr and exit.
Use Xdialog(1) in place of dialog(1).
Secure. Prompt for sudo(8) credentials (used with -X).
This utility provides either a Terminal (using dialog(1), the default) or Graphical (using Xdialog(1), passing -X) User Interface for changing certain system settings.
In many cases, host-setup can also be used to apply rc.conf(5) changes made outside this utility, avoiding a reboot.

The following standard commands are required by host-setup:
awk(1), cat(1), chmod(1), chown(8), chsh(1), cmp(1), cp(1), date(1), df(1), dhclient(8), dialog(1), find(1), grep(1), hostname(1), id(1), ifconfig(8), mktemp(1), mv(1), printf(1), rm(1), route(8), sed(1), sh(1), sleep(1), stat(1), strings(1), su(1), sudo(8), tail(1), tzsetup(8), uname(1), which(1)
The following standard commands are optional, based on arguments passed and situation, but enhance the abilities of host-setup:
Xdialog(1), tzdialog(8), xterm(1)


Below are some simple examples of how host-setup can be used to configure and/or manage your system.
Launches the default console-based user interface (must be root).
sudo host-setup
Prompts for sudo(8) credentials if not already root before launching the default console-based user interface with escalated privileges.
sudo host-setup -X
Launches the gaphical user interface as root in a compatible X11 environment (requires appropriate DISPLAY variable).
host-setup -sX
By default, root privileges are required to make the sorts of changes that are required during system configuration. This usually means launching via sudo(8) as in the above example. However, when executing from another X11 application, this utility may need to escalate privileges to function properly. The addition of the -s flag causes the user to be prompted with Xdialog(1) for sudo(8) credentials.

The host-setup utility is limited in scope to configuring basic connectivity and performing routine system tasks. It is not designed to be an all-in-one swiss-army knife, kitchen sink, or bike shed.
Other limitations are self-imposed for safety reasons. For example, host-setup will allow you to view and change network settings while NFS mounts are active but will not allow you to activate new network settings until NFS mounts are no longer active (preventing system hang).
Another self-imposed limitation is that while you are allowed to view and change the hostname while connected via an X11-Forwarded ssh(1) session, you are not allowed to activate the new hostname until re-executed from either a local terminal or non-X11-Forwarded ssh(1) session (preventing the fatal error “X11 connection rejected because of wrong authentication”).

rc.conf(5), ssh(1), sudo(8), sysrc(8), xauth(1)

Devin E. Teske.
January 5, 2012 FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 1 |  Main Index

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with ManDoc.