- Check your environments
runs a set of checks to ensure that your npm installation has
tool, but it does have some basic requirements that must be met:
- Node.js and git must be executable by npm.
- The primary npm registry, registry.npmjs.com, or another service
that uses the registry API, is available.
- The directories that npm uses, node_modules (both locally and
globally), exist and can be written by the current user.
- The npm cache exists, and the package tarballs within it aren't corrupt.
Without all of these working properly, npm may not work properly. Many issues
are often attributable to things that are outside npm's code base, so
confirms that the npm installation is in a good
Also, in addition to this, there are also very many issue reports due to using
old versions of npm. Since npm is constantly improving, running
is better than an old version.
verifies the following items in your environment, and if there
are any recommended changes, it will display them.
By default, npm installs from the primary npm registry,
. npm doctor
hits a special ping endpoint
within the registry. This can also be checked with npm ping
. If this
check fails, you may be using a proxy that needs to be configured, or may need
to talk to your IT staff to get access over HTTPS to
This check is done against whichever registry you've configured (you can see
what that is by running npm config get registry
), and if you're using a
private registry that doesn't support the /whoami
endpoint supported by
the primary registry, this check may fail.
While Node.js may come bundled with a particular version of npm, it's the policy
of the CLI team that we recommend all users run npm@latest
if they can.
As the CLI is maintained by a small team of contributors, there are only
resources for a single line of development, so npm's own long-term support
releases typically only receive critical security and regression fixes. The
team believes that the latest tested version of npm is almost always likely to
be the most functional and defect-free version of npm.
For most users, in most circumstances, the best version of Node will be the
latest long-term support (LTS) release. Those of you who want access to new
ECMAscript features or bleeding-edge changes to Node's standard library may be
running a newer version, and some of you may be required to run an older
version of Node because of enterprise change control policies. That's OK! But
in general, the npm team recommends that most users run Node.js LTS.
Some of you may be installing from private package registries for your project
or company. That's great! Others of you may be following tutorials or
StackOverflow questions in an effort to troubleshoot problems you may be
having. Sometimes, this may entail changing the registry you're pointing at.
This part of npm doctor
just lets you, and maybe whoever's helping you
with support, know that you're not using the default registry.
While it's documented in the README, it may not be obvious that npm needs Git
installed to do many of the things that it does. Also, in some cases –
especially on Windows – you may have Git set up in such a way that it's
not accessible via your PATH
so that npm can find it. This check
ensures that Git is available.
- Your cache must be readable and writable by the user running npm.
- Global package binaries must be writable by the user running npm.
- Your local node_modules path, if you're running npm doctor
with a project directory, must be readable and writable by the user
When an npm package is published, the publishing process generates a checksum
that npm uses at install time to verify that the package didn't get corrupted
in transit. npm doctor
uses these checksums to validate the package
tarballs in your local cache (you can see where that cache is located with
npm config get cache
, and see what's in that cache with npm
– probably more than you were expecting!). In the event
that there are corrupt packages in your cache, you should probably run npm
and reset the cache.
- npm help bugs
- npm help help
- npm help ping