Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Contact Us
Online Help
Domain Status
Man Pages

Virtual Servers

Topology Map

Server Agreement
Year 2038

USA Flag



Man Pages

znapzendzetup - znapzend setup utility

znapzendzetup command [options...]
where 'command' is one of the following:
    create  [--rootExec={pfexec|sudo}] \
            [--recursive] [--mbuffer=<path>[:<port>]] [--mbuffersize=<size>] \
            [--pre-snap-command=<command>] \
            [--post-snap-command=<command>] \
            [--tsformat=<format>] --donotask \
            [--send-delay=<time>] \
            SRC plan dataset \
            [ DST[:key] plan [[user@]host:]dataset [pre-send-command] [post-send-command] ]
    delete  [--rootExec={pfexec|sudo}] [--dst=key] <src_dataset>
    edit    [--rootExec={pfexec|sudo}]
            [--recursive=on|off] [--mbuffer=<path>[:<port>]|off] [--mbuffersize=<size>] \
            [--pre-snap-command=<command>|off] \
            [--post-snap-command=<command>|off] \
            [--tsformat=<format>] --donotask \
            [--send-delay=<time>] \
            SRC [plan] dataset \
            [ DST:key [plan] [dataset] [pre-send-command|off] [post-send-command|off] ]
    edit    [--rootExec={pfexec|sudo}] <src_dataset>
    enable  [--rootExec={pfexec|sudo}] <src_dataset>
    disable [--rootExec={pfexec|sudo}] <src_dataset>
    list    [--rootExec={pfexec|sudo}] [src_dataset]
    export  [--rootExec={pfexec|sudo}] <src_dataset>
    import  [--rootExec={pfexec|sudo}] [--write] [--prop <property>=<value>, [--prop ...] ...]
            <src_dataset> [<prop_dump_file>]

Use znapzendsetup to configure your backup tasks. The cli is modled after the zfs commandline.
After modifying the configuration, send a HUP signal to your znapzend daemon for it to re-read the configuration.
Below a few notes on main commands.

The heart of the znapzend backup is the plan. The plan specifies how often to backup and for how long to keep the backups. A plan is required both for the source and the destination datasets.
The plan consists of a series of retention periodes to interval associations:
Both intervals and retention periods are expressed in standard units of time or multiples of them. You can use both the full name or a shortcut according to the following table:
To keep one copy every 30 minutes for one week, specify:
To keep one copy every two days for 10 years:
In a minimal setup, you just specify a plan for the SRC fileset. This will cause snapshots to be taken and destroyed according to the plan. You can then add one or several destinations ( DST) both local (preferably on a different pool) or remote.
When adding multiple DST entries, each will get labled for later identification, optionally you can specify your own label.
The --tsformat option specifies how the names of the snapshots are constructed.
The syntax is strftime-like. The string must consist of the mandatory
 %Y %m %d %H %M %S %z
- _ . :
characters as well as any alphanumeric character are allowed.
If not specified, --tsformat defaults to "%Y-%m-%d-%H%M%S".
If --tsformat string is suffixed by a 'Z', times will be in UTC. E.g.:
NOTE: that windoz will probably not like the ":" characters. So if you intend to browse the snapshots with windoz, you may want to use a different separator.
Specify the path to your copy of the mbuffer utility.
Specifiy the path to your copy of the mbuffer utility and the port used on the destination. Caution: znapzend will send the data directly from source mbuffer to destination mbuffer, thus data stream is not encrypted.
The size of the mbuffer can be set with the --mbuffersize option. It supports the following units:
 b, k, M, G
To specify a mbuffer size of 100MB:
If not set, the buffer size defaults to 1GB.
Apply changes immediately. Without being asked if the config is as you intended it to be.
--pre-snap-command=/path/bin args, --post-snap-command= /path/bin args
Run commands/scripts before and after snapshots are taken on source. e.g. for database locking/flushing (pre) and unlocking (post).
If you deal with a mariadb/mysql database, you can use
  pre-snap-command  = /opt/oep/mariadb/bin/mysql -e "set autocommit=0;flush tables with read lock;\\! /bin/sleep 600" &  /usr/bin/echo $! > /tmp/ ; sleep 10
  post-snap-command = /usr/bin/kill `/usr/bin/cat /tmp/`;/usr/bin/rm /tmp/
to make sure that the on-disk data is consistant when snapshotting. Since the lock stays only in place for the duration of the connection to mysql we need to employ. For this to work, add the root password of your mariadb/mysql db setup into ~root/.my.cnf and make sure the file permissions are tight ...
The pre and post snapshot commands can find the name and time of the snapshot in the environment variables ZNAP_NAME and ZNAP_TIME
Specify delay (in seconds) before sending snaps to the destination. May be useful if you want to control sending time.
pre-send-command post-send-command
Run command/script before and after sending the snapshot to the destination. Intended to run a remote script via ssh on the destination, e.g. to bring up a backup disk or server. Or to put a zpool online/offline:
"ssh root@bserv zpool import -Nf tank" "ssh root@bserv zpool export tank".

to remove configuration from a dataset just give its name
 znapzendzetup delete I<dataset>
the delete function understands the following options
to only remove a destination, specify the key of the destionation. Use the list function to see the keys.

modify the configuration of a dataset. see the descriptions in the create function for details.
If edit is used with a source dataset as single argument, properties can be edited in an editor.

dumps the backup configuration of a dataset
 znapzendzetup export I<dataset>

reads configuration data from a file or STDIN and prints it content
actually store the new configuration into the dataset given on the commandline.
--prop key="value" [ --prop ... ]
may be called multiple times to override properties in the imported config.

create a complex backup task
    znapzendzetup create --recursive --mbuffer=/opt/omni/bin/mbuffer \
       --mbuffersize=1G --tsformat='%Y-%m-%d-%H%M%S' \
       --pre-snap-command="/bin/sh /usr/local/bin/" \
       --post-snap-command="/bin/sh /usr/local/bin/" \
       SRC '7d=>1h,30d=>4h,90d=>1d' tank/home \
       DST:a '7d=>1h,30d=>4h,90d=>1d,1y=>1w,10y=>1month' backup/home \
       DST:b '7d=>1h,30d=>4h,90d=>1d,1y=>1w,10y=>1month' root@bserv:backup/home "/root/ dst_b pool on" "/root/ dst_b pool off"
copy the setup from one fileset to another
    znapzendzetup export tank/home | znapzendzetup import --write tank/new_home

Copyright (c) 2014 by OETIKER+PARTNER AG. All rights reserved.

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see <>.

Tobias Oetiker <> Dominik Hassler <>

2016-09-23 ron Destination pre and post send/receive commands 2014-07-22 had Pre and post snapshot commands 2014-06-29 had Flexible snapshot time format 2014-06-01 had Multi destination backup 2014-05-30 had Initial Version
2018-04-13 0.18.0

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 1 |  Main Index

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with ManDoc.