dwm - dynamic window manager
dwm is a dynamic window manager for X. It manages windows in tiled, monocle and
floating layouts. Either layout can be applied dynamically, optimising the
environment for the application in use and the task performed.
In tiled layouts windows are managed in a master and stacking
area. The master area on the left contains one window by default, and the
stacking area on the right contains all other windows. The number of master
area windows can be adjusted from zero to an arbitrary number. In monocle
layout all windows are maximised to the screen size. In floating layout
windows can be resized and moved freely. Dialog windows are always managed
floating, regardless of the layout applied.
Windows are grouped by tags. Each window can be tagged with one or
multiple tags. Selecting certain tags displays all windows with these
Each screen contains a small status bar which displays all
available tags, the layout, the title of the focused window, and the text
read from the root window name property, if the screen is focused. A
floating window is indicated with an empty square and a maximised floating
window is indicated with a filled square before the windows title. The
selected tags are indicated with a different color. The tags of the focused
window are indicated with a filled square in the top left corner. The tags
which are applied to one or more windows are indicated with an empty square
in the top left corner.
dwm draws a small border around windows to indicate the focus
- prints version information to stderr, then exits.
- X root window name
- is read and displayed in the status text area. It can be set with the
- click on a tag label to display all windows with that tag, click on the
layout label toggles between tiled and floating layout.
- click on a tag label adds/removes all windows with that tag to/from the
- click on a tag label applies that tag to the focused window.
- click on a tag label adds/removes that tag to/from the focused
- Start st(1).
- Spawn dmenu(1) for launching other programs.
- Focus previous screen, if any.
- Focus next screen, if any.
- Send focused window to previous screen, if any.
- Send focused window to next screen, if any.
- Toggles bar on and off.
- Sets tiled layout.
- Sets floating layout.
- Sets monocle layout.
- Toggles between current and previous layout.
- Focus next window.
- Focus previous window.
- Increase number of windows in master area.
- Decrease number of windows in master area.
- Increase master area size.
- Decrease master area size.
- Zooms/cycles focused window to/from master area (tiled layouts only).
- Close focused window.
- Toggle focused window between tiled and floating state.
- Toggles to the previously selected tags.
- Apply nth tag to focused window.
- Apply all tags to focused window.
- Add/remove nth tag to/from focused window.
- View all windows with nth tag.
- View all windows with any tag.
- Add/remove all windows with nth tag to/from the view.
- Quit dwm.
dwm is customized by creating a custom config.h and (re)compiling the source
code. This keeps it fast, secure and simple.
Java applications which use the XToolkit/XAWT backend may draw grey windows
only. The XToolkit/XAWT backend breaks ICCCM-compliance in recent JDK 1.5 and
early JDK 1.6 versions, because it assumes a reparenting window manager.
Possible workarounds are using JDK 1.4 (which doesn't contain the
XToolkit/XAWT backend) or setting the environment variable
AWT_TOOLKIT=MToolkit (to use the older Motif backend instead) or
running xprop -root -f _NET_WM_NAME 32a -set _NET_WM_NAME LG3D or
wmname LG3D (to pretend that a non-reparenting window manager is
running that the XToolkit/XAWT backend can recognize) or when using OpenJDK
setting the environment variable _JAVA_AWT_WM_NONREPARENTING=1.
Send all bug reports with a patch to firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Move focused window while dragging. Tiled windows will be toggled to the
- Toggles focused window between floating and tiled state.
- Resize focused window while dragging. Tiled windows will be toggled to the