Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Contact Us
Online Help
Domain Status
Man Pages

Virtual Servers

Topology Map

Server Agreement
Year 2038

USA Flag



Man Pages
KENV(1) FreeBSD General Commands Manual KENV(1)

list or modify the kernel environment

kenv [-l | -s] [-hNq]

kenv [-qv] variable[=value]

kenv [-q] -u variable

The kenv utility will list all variables in the kernel environment if invoked without arguments.

If the -l option is specified, then the static environment provided by loader(8) will be listed instead. Similarly, the -s option will list the static environment defined by the kernel config. Both of the -l and -s options are dependent on the kernel being configured to preserve early kernel environments. The default kernel configuration does not preserve these environments.

If the -h option is specified, it will limit the report to kernel probe hints. If an optional variable name is specified, kenv will only report that value. If the -N option is specified, kenv will only display variable names and not their values. If the -u option is specified, kenv will delete the given environment variable. If the environment variable is followed by an optional value, kenv will set the environment variable to this value.

If the -q option is set, warnings normally printed as a result of being unable to perform the requested operation will be suppressed.

If the -v option is set, the variable name will be printed out for the environment variable in addition to the value when kenv is executed with a variable name.

Variables can be added to the kernel environment using the /boot/loader.conf file, or also statically compiled into the kernel using the statement

env filename

in the kernel config file. The file can contain lines of the form

name = value # this is a comment

where whitespace around ‘name’ and ‘=’, and everything after a ‘#’ character, are ignored. Almost any printable character except ‘=’ is acceptable as part of a name. Quotes are optional and necessary only if the value contains whitespace.

Show kernel probe hints variable names and filter for the uart device
$ kenv -h -N | grep uart

Show the value of a specific variable:

$ kenv

Same as above but adding the name of the variable in the report:

$ kenv -v"isa"

Try to delete a variable and suppress warnings if any:

$ kenv -q -u

Set the value of the verbose_loading variable

$ kenv verbose_loading="YES"

kenv(2), config(5), loader.conf(5), loader(8)

The kenv utility appeared in FreeBSD 4.1.1.
June 20, 2021 FreeBSD 13.1-RELEASE

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 1 |  Main Index

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with ManDoc.