Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Contact Us
Online Help
Domain Status
Man Pages

Virtual Servers

Topology Map

Server Agreement
Year 2038

USA Flag



Man Pages
ossrecord(1) User Commands ossrecord(1)

ossrecord - Open Sound System recording program.

ossrecord [-ORhlv] [-F cntname | ? ] [ -c channels ] [ -d devname ]
        [ -f fmtname | ? ] [ -g gain ] [ -i recsource | ? ] [ -m nfiles ]
        [ -r command ] [ -s rate ] [ -t maxsecs ] filename | - ...

The ossrecord program records audio in Microsoft RIFF (wav) format. It will record from any input that's currently set as the recording source by the ossxmix/ossmix mixer programs. With the -l option, you also get a level meter that will display VU levels in a character mode.

The filename parameter is name of the (.wav) file to be produced. Output can be sent to stdout by giving - as the file name.

Select the recording rate for raw PCM audio (eg -s48000).
Select the number of channels 1=mono 2=stereo, 4, 6, 8, etc.
Select <devname> as the device (eg -d/dev/dsp2).
Select the input sample format (eg -fS32_LE or -fMU_LAW)
Prints the list of supported format names.
Select the container format (eg WAV or AU). Default is WAV.
Prints the list of supported container formats.
Open audio device in raw mode to disable virtual mixing and sample rate/format conversions. Can be used when recording from a digital source (S/PDIF input).
Verbose output.
Display level meters (character based).
Select the recording source or display available recording sources if '?' is supplied. e.g. ossrecord -i? may display: vol line (currently selected) mic cd aux1 phone mono video
Repeat the recording operation <nfiles> times. The filename argument must have %d (or %02d) somewhere in the file to guarantee unique filenames. If no %d is given then subsequent recordings will overwrite the previous one(s). This option is useful only with loopback audio devices or if the -t option is used.
This option launches the <command> in background after recording the file has completed. The name of the recorded file will be given as the (only) command line argument. When the -m option is used the script will run in parallel while recording the next file. See the COMMAND SCRIPT section (below) for more info.
Amplify recorded samples by percentage given as argument. 100 (default) means normal signal level, 200 means double level. Only supported in 16 and 32 bit modes.
Do not record more than <maxsecs> seconds in a single recording operation.
Set the recording level to <level>.
Do not allow ossrecord to overwrite the output file.
Display usage instructions.

The -r command line argument makes it possible to execute a script or program after recording of the wave file is finished. Below is a simple scell script that does MP3 encoding using lame.




lame -m s -h --preset studio $WAVENAME $MP3NAME

exit 0

Another example script for ossrecord is a simple CGI script for live MP3 streaming (from /dev/dsp).


echo Content-Type: audio/mp3


ossrecord -S -b16 -s48 - | lame -m j - -

exit 0

The ossrecord executable is the same as the ossplay executable. Behaviour is decided by the name used to invoke the program.

Some file formats allocate only 32 bits to record the file length, which may prevent some programs from reading a too large file properly. If a recording may pass the 4GB limit (a bit more then 6 hours and 10 minutes of sound assuming [48Khz/16bit/stereo] quality), it's best to have ossrecord use the AU or RAW containers (via -F switch) which do not have this restriction.

ossplay(1), ossmix(1), ossxmix(1)


4Front Technologies
07 June 2022

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 1 |  Main Index

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with ManDoc.