GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages
v.out.ogr(1) Grass User's Manual v.out.ogr(1)

v.out.ogr - Exports a vector map layer to any of the supported OGR vector formats.
 
By default a vector map layer is exported to OGC GeoPackage format.

vector, export, OGR

v.out.ogr
 
v.out.ogr --help
 
v.out.ogr [-uasce2mnl] input=name [layer=string] [ type=string[,string,...]] output=name format=string [output_layer=string] [ output_type=string[,string,...]] [ dsco=string[, string,...]] [lco=string[,string,...]] [-- overwrite] [--help] [-- verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]

-u
 
Open an existing OGR datasource for update
-a
 
Append to existing layer
 
A new OGR layer is created if it does not exist
-s
 
Skip export of GRASS category ID (’cat’) attribute
-c
 
Also export features without category (not labeled). Otherwise only features with category are exported.
-e
 
Use ESRI-style .prj file format (applies to Shapefile output only)
-2
 
Force 2D output even if input is 3D (applies to Shapefile output only)
 
Useful if input is 3D but all z coordinates are identical
-m
 
Export vector data as multi-features
-n
 
Create a new empty layer in defined OGR datasource and exit. Nothing is read from input.
-l
 
List supported output formats and exit
--overwrite
 
Allow output files to overwrite existing files
--help
 
Print usage summary
--verbose
 
Verbose module output
--quiet
 
Quiet module output
--ui
 
Force launching GUI dialog

input=name [required]
 
Name of input vector map to export
 
Or data source for direct OGR access
layer=string
 
Layer number or name
 
Vector features can have category values in different layers. This number determines which layer to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
 
Default: 1
type=string[,string,...]
 
Feature type(s)
 
Combination of types is not supported by all output formats. Default is to use first type found in input vector map.
 
Options: point, line, boundary, centroid, area, face, kernel, auto
 
Default: auto
output=name [required]
 
Name of output OGR datasource
 
For example: ESRI Shapefile: filename or directory for storage
 
PostGIS database: connection string
format=string [required]
 
Data format to write
 
Options: BNA, CSV, DGN, DXF, ESRI_Shapefile, GML, GPSBabel, GPSTrackMaker, GPX, GeoJSON, GeoRSS, Geoconcept, JML, JPEG2000, KML, MapInfo_File, Memory, OGR_GMT, PCIDSK, PDF, PGDUMP, S57, Selafin, TIGER, VDV, WAsP
 
Default: ESRI_Shapefile
output_layer=string
 
Name for output OGR layer. If not specified, input name is used
 
For example: ESRI Shapefile: shapefile name
 
PostGIS database: table name
output_type=string[,string,...]
 
Optionally change default output type
 
Options: line, boundary
 
Default:
 
line: export area boundaries as linestrings
 
boundary: export lines as polygons
dsco=string[,string,...]
 
OGR dataset creation option (format specific, NAME=VALUE)
 
Default:
lco=string[,string,...]
 
OGR layer creation option (format specific, NAME=VALUE)
 
Default:

v.out.ogr converts GRASS vector map layer to any of the supported OGR vector formats (including OGC GeoPackage, ESRI Shapefile, SpatiaLite or GML).
OGR (Simple Features Library) is part of the GDAL library, so you need to install this library to use v.out.ogr.
The OGR library supports many various formats including:
OGC GeoPackage
ESRI Shapefile
PostGIS
SpatiaLite
CSV
GML
KML
Mapinfo File
TIGER
... and many others
The list of supported formats is printed with the -l flag.
For further available other supported formats go here.

By default, islands will appear as holes inside surrounding areas. To export polygons with holes into, e.g., a Esri Shapefile, and make the holes appear as filled areas, the flag -c has to be used.
v.out.ogr exports 3D vector data as 2.5D simple features if possible (not supported by all formats). For exporting 3D vector data as 2D simple features, use -2 flag.
By default, v.out.ogr converts GRASS vector data to single simple features. If GRASS feature has more categories defined in the given layer, then this feature is exported multiple times. GRASS features without category are skipped by default. To export features also without category, the -c flag must be given.
When -m flag is given, v.out.ogr export GRASS vector data as multi-features. Multi-feature is formed by GRASS features with the same category. When -c flag is given, the module also export GRASS features without category as one multi-feature. Note that multi-features are not supported by all formats.
ESRI Shapefile export: note that due to the DBF table specifications column names may not be longer than 10 characters.

Export lines from a GRASS vector map to OGC GeoPackage format:
 
v.out.ogr input=roadsmajor type=line output=roadsmajor.gpkg
Export areas from GRASS vector map to OGC GeoPackage format, converting islands (holes) to filled polygons:
 
v.out.ogr -c input=areas_islands type=area output=areas_islands.gpkg
Export mixed geometry type GRASS vector map to OGC GeoPackage format:
 
v.out.ogr input=generic_vector output=mixed_geometry.gpkg

Export lines from GRASS vector map to Shapefile format:
 
v.out.ogr input=roadsmajor type=line format=ESRI_Shapefile output=lines.shp
Export areas from GRASS vector map to Shapefile format, converting islands (holes) to filled polygons:
 
v.out.ogr -c input=areas_islands type=area format=ESRI_Shapefile output=areas_islands.shp
Export 3D lines from GRASS vector map to Shapefile format:
 
v.out.ogr input=lines_3d type=line format=ESRI_Shapefile output=lines_3d.shp lco="SHPT=ARCZ"
Export 3D points (e.g., Lidar points) from GRASS vector map to Shapefile format
 
v.out.ogr points_3d type=point format=ESRI_Shapefile output=points_3d.shp lco="SHPT=POINTZ"
Export 3D faces from GRASS vector map to Shapefile format:
 
v.out.ogr input=objects_3d type=face format=ESRI_Shapefile output=faces_3d.shp lco="SHPT=POLYGONZ"
Export 3D faces from GRASS vector map to Shapefile format, automatic 3D setting:
 
v.out.ogr input=objects_3d type=face format=ESRI_Shapefile output=faces_3d.shp"

Export lines from GRASS vector map to GML format (generates ’/tmp/testogr.gml’ file with layer ’testogr’):
 
v.out.ogr input=multi type=line output=/tmp/testogr.gml output_layer=testogr format=GML

Export areas from GRASS vector map to PostGIS database:
 
v.out.ogr input=polygons type=area output="PG:host=localhost dbname=postgis user=postgres" output_layer=polymap format=PostgreSQL
Note: For exporting GRASS vector data to PostGIS database can be also used v.out.postgis module. This module is not based on OGR library and supports beside simple features also topological format (PostGIS Topology).

Export faces (3D vectors) from GRASS vector map to KML format for Google Earth:
 
v.out.ogr input=buildings_3d output=buildings_3d.kml output_layer=buildings_3d format=KML type=face
Generate and export GRASS vector "asteroid" map (faces, 3D vectors) to KML format for Google Earth:
 
# near Raleigh (NC, USA)
g.region n=35.73952587 s=35.73279182 w=-78.68263928 e=-78.67499517
# two layers of random points
v.random -z output=random3d_a n=10 zmin=0 zmax=200
v.random -z output=random3d_b n=15 zmin=400 zmax=600
# merge into one 3D points map
v.patch input=random3d_a,random3d_b output=random3d
# generate 3D convex hull
v.hull input=random3d output="random3d_hull"
# export to KML 3D
v.out.ogr input=random3d_hull output=random3d_hull.kml format=KML type=face dsco="AltitudeMode=absolute"
# now open KML file ’random3d_hull.kml’ in Google Earth or NASA WorldWind or ...

OGR vector library
OGR vector library C API documentation

v.out.postgis, db.out.ogr, v.external, v.external.out, v.in.ogr, v.pack

Radim Blazek, ITC-Irst, Trento, Italy
 
Some contributions: Markus Neteler
 
Multi-feature support by Martin Landa, Czech Technical University in Prague, 2013
Last changed: $Date: 2017-10-25 23:32:54 +0200 (Wed, 25 Oct 2017) $

Available at: v.out.ogr source code (history)
Main index | Vector index | Topics index | Keywords index | Graphical index | Full index
© 2003-2018 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.4.3 Reference Manual
GRASS 7.4.3

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 1 |  Main Index

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with ManDoc.