GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages
v.vect.stats(1) Grass User's Manual v.vect.stats(1)

v.vect.stats - Count points in areas, calculate statistics from point attributes.

vector, attribute table, database, univariate statistics, zonal statistics

v.vect.stats
 
v.vect.stats --help
 
v.vect.stats [-p] points=name areas=name [ type=string[,string,...]] [points_layer= string] [points_cats=range] [points_where= sql_query] [areas_layer=string] [areas_cats=range] [areas_where=sql_query] [method= string] [points_column=name] [count_column= name] [stats_column=name] [separator= character] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [-- ui]

-p
 
Print output to stdout, do not update attribute table
 
First column is always area category
--help
 
Print usage summary
--verbose
 
Verbose module output
--quiet
 
Quiet module output
--ui
 
Force launching GUI dialog

points=name [required]
 
Name of existing vector map with points
 
Or data source for direct OGR access
areas=name [required]
 
Name of existing vector map with areas
 
Or data source for direct OGR access
type=string[,string,...]
 
Feature type
 
Input feature type
 
Options: point, centroid
 
Default: point
points_layer=string
 
Layer number for points map
 
Vector features can have category values in different layers. This number determines which layer to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
 
Default: 1
points_cats=range
 
Category values for points map
 
Example: 1,3,7-9,13
points_where=sql_query
 
WHERE conditions of SQL statement without ’where’ keyword for points map
 
Example: income < 1000 and population >= 10000
areas_layer=string
 
Layer number for area map
 
Vector features can have category values in different layers. This number determines which layer to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
 
Default: 1
areas_cats=range
 
Category values for area map
 
Example: 1,3,7-9,13
areas_where=sql_query
 
WHERE conditions of SQL statement without ’where’ keyword for area map
 
Example: income < 1000 and population >= 10000
method=string
 
Method for aggregate statistics
 
Options: sum, average, median, mode, minimum, min_cat, maximum, max_cat, range, stddev, variance, diversity
points_column=name
 
Column name of points map to use for statistics
 
Column of points map must be numeric
count_column=name
 
Column name to upload points count
 
Column to hold points count, must be of type integer, will be created if not existing
stats_column=name
 
Column name to upload statistics
 
Column to hold statistics, must be of type double, will be created if not existing
separator=character
 
Field separator
 
Special characters: pipe, comma, space, tab, newline
 
Default: pipe

v.vect.stats counts the number of points in vector map points falling into each area in vector map areas. Optionally statistics on point attributes in points are calculated for each area. The results are either uploaded to the attribute table of the vector map areas or printed to stdout.
Statistical Methods: Using numeric attribute values of all points falling into a given area, a new value is detmined with the selected method. v.vect.stats can perform the following operations:
sum
 
The sum of values.
average
 
The average value of all point attributes (sum / count).
median
 
The value found half-way through a list of the attribute values, when these are ranged in numerical order.
mode
 
The most frequently occurring value.
minimum
 
The minimum observed value.
min_cat
 
The point category corresponding to the minimum observed value.
maximum
 
The maximum observed value.
max_cat
 
The point category corresponding to the maximum observed value.
range
 
The range of the observed values.
stddev
 
The statistical standard deviation of the attribute values.
variance
 
The statistical variance of the attribute values.
diversity
 
The number of different attribute values.

Points not falling into any area are ignored. Areas without category (no centroid attached or centroid without category) are ignored. If no points are falling into a given area, the point count is set to 0 (zero) and the statistics result to "null".
The columns count_column and stats_column are created if not existing. If they do already exist, the count_column must be of type integer and the stats_column of type double precision.

The subsequent examples are based on randomly sampled elevation data (North Carolina sample database):
 
# work on map copy for attribute editing
g.copy vector=zipcodes_wake,myzipcodes_wake
# set computational region: extent of ZIP code map, raster pixels
# aligned to raster map
g.region vector=myzipcodes_wake align=elev_state_500m -p
#  generate random elevation points
r.random elev_state_500m vector=rand5000 n=5000
v.colors rand5000 color=elevation
# visualization
d.mon wx0
d.vect myzipcodes_wake -c
d.vect rand5000
These vector maps are used for the examples below.

See above for the creation of the input maps.
Counting points per polygon, print results to terminal:
 
v.vect.stats points=rand5000 area=myzipcodes_wake -p

See above for the creation of the input maps.
Counting of points per polygon, with update of "num_points" column (will be automatically created):
 
v.vect.stats points=rand5000 area=myzipcodes_wake count_column=num_points
# verify result
v.db.select myzipcodes_wake column=ZIPCODE_,ZIPNAME,num_points

See above for the creation of the input maps.
Calculation of average point elevation per ZIP code polygon, printed to terminal in comma separated style:
 
# check name of point map column:
v.info -c rand5000
v.vect.stats points=rand5000 area=myzipcodes_wake \
  method=average points_column=value separator=comma -p

See above for the creation of the input maps.
Calculation of average point elevation per ZIP code polygon, with update of "avg_elev" column and counting of points per polygon, with update of "num_points" column (new columns will be automatically created):
 
# check name of point map column:
v.info -c rand5000
v.vect.stats points=rand5000 area=myzipcodes_wake count_column=num_points \
  method=average points_column=value stats_column=avg_elev
# verify result
v.db.select myzipcodes_wake column=ZIPCODE_,ZIPNAME,avg_elev

The grid extent and size is influenced by the current computational region. The extent is based on the vector map points_of_interest from the basic North Carolina sample dataset.
 
g.region vector=points_of_interest res=2000 -pa
The hexagonal grid is created using the v.mkgrid module as a vector map based on the previously selected extent and size of the grid.
 
v.mkgrid map=hexagons -h
The v.vect.stats module counts the number of points and does one statistics on a selected column (here: elev_m).
 
v.vect.stats points=points_of_interest areas=hexagons method=average \
  points_column=elev_m count_column=count stats_column=average
User should note that some of the points may be outside the grid since the hexagons cannot cover all the area around the edges (the computational region extent needs to be enlarged if all points should be considered). The last command sets the vector map color table to viridis based on the count column.
 
v.colors map=hexagons use=attr column=average color=viridis
 
Point statistics in a hexagonal grid (count of points, average of values associated with point, standard deviation)

v.distance, r.distance, v.rast.stats, v.what.vect, v.mkgrid

Markus Metz
Last changed: $Date: 2016-08-23 04:00:20 +0200 (Tue, 23 Aug 2016) $

Available at: v.vect.stats source code (history)
Main index | Vector index | Topics index | Keywords index | Graphical index | Full index
© 2003-2018 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.4.3 Reference Manual
GRASS 7.4.3

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 1 |  Main Index

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with ManDoc.