vdr - the Video Disk Recorder
implements a complete digital Set-Top Box and Video Recorder. It can
work with signals received from satellites (DVB-S) as well as cable (DVB-C)
and terrestrial (DVB-T) signals.
At least one DVB card is required to run vdr
. With it you can watch live
TV while recording one or more other broadcasts from the same transponder. It
is also possible to start watching a recorded programme before the live
broadcast has ended ( time shifting
). In order to record from different
transponders simultaneously two or more DVB cards are necessary. By default
can support up to four DVB cards. The primary DVB card (the one
your TV set is connected to) has to be a "full featured" card, which
means it must contain an MPEG decoder and provide audio and video signal
uses the On Screen Display of the DVB card to display its menus. It
can be controlled by the PC keyboard or the "Linux Infrared Remote
Remote access is possible via the "Simple Video Disk Recorder
Protocol" (SVDRP), which can be accessed on port 6419, for instance by
- -a cmd, --audio=cmd
- Send Dolby Digital audio to stdin of command cmd.
- -c dir, --config=dir
- Read config files from directory dir (default is to read them from
/usr/local/etc/vdr on this installation.)
- -d, --daemon
- Run in daemon mode (implies --no-kbd).
- -D num, --device=num
- Use only the given DVB device (num = 0, 1, 2...). There may be
several -D options (by default all DVB devices will be used).
- Edit the given recording. rec must be the full path name of an
existing recording. The program will return immediately after editing the
- -E file, --epgfile=file
- Write the EPG data into the given file (default is
/video/epg.data). Use -E- to disable this. If file is
a directory, the file epg.data will be created in that
- Limit video files to size bytes (default is 2000M). This option is
only useful in conjunction with --edit, and must precede that option to
have an effect. size is an integer number and may be followed by
one of the letters K, M, G or T to abbreviate Kilo-, Mega-, Giga- or
Terabyte, respectively. The given value is silently limited to the
program's internal minimum and maximum values.
- Generate the index file for the given recording. rec must be the
full path name of an existing recording. The recording must be in TS
format. If the recording already has an index file, it will be deleted
before creating the new one. The program will return immediately after
generating the index. Note that using this option while another instance
of VDR is currently replaying the given recording, or if the recording has
not been finished yet, may lead to unexpected results.
- -g, --grab=dir
- Write images from the SVDRP command GRAB into the given directory
dir. dir must be the full path name of an existing
directory, without any "..", double '/' or symlinks. By default,
or if -g- is given, grabbing images to disk is disabled.
- -h, --help
- Print a help message and exit.
- -i instance, --instance=instance
- Use instance as the id of this VDR instance (default is 0). In an
environment where several instances of VDR use the same video directory,
this parameter can be set to a positive integer value that's unique for
each instance, so that they won't interfere with each other in case they
record exactly the same broadcast. The number given here will be part of
the directory name in which the recordings will be stored.
- -l level, --log=level
- Set logging to level. 0 = no logging,
1 = errors only, 2 = errors and
info, 3 = errors, info and debug. The default logging
level is 3. If logging should be done to LOG_LOCAL n instead
of LOG_USER, add '.n' to LEVEL, as in 3.7 (n=0..7).
- -L dir, --lib=dir
- Search for plugins in directory dir (default is ./PLUGINS/lib).
There can be several -L options with different dir values.
Each of them will apply to the -P options following it.
- Use a LIRC remote control device. If path is omitted, vdr uses
- Search for locale files in dir (default is ./locale).
- -m, --mute
- Mute audio of the primary DVB device at startup.
- Don't use the keyboard as an input device.
- -p port, --port=port
- Use port for SVDRP. A value of 0 turns off SVDRP. The
default SVDRP port is 6419. You need to edit the file
svdrphosts.conf in order to enable access to the SVDRP port.
- -P options, --plugin=options
- Load a plugin, defined by the given options. The first word in
options must be the name of an existing vdr plugin,
optionally followed by a blank separated list of command line options for
that plugin. If options contains any blanks, you need to enclose it
in quotes, like for example
vdr -P "abc -a -b xyz"
which would load a plugin named abc, giving it the command line
options -a -b xyz. If you want to load all available
plugins (without any particular options) you can use
vdr -P "*"
(note the quotes around the asterisk to prevent wildcard expansion).
- -r cmd, --record=cmd
- Call cmd before and after a recording. See the file INSTALL
for more information.
- -s cmd, --shutdown=cmd
- Call cmd to shutdown the computer. See the file INSTALL for
- Split edited files at the editing marks. This option is only useful in
conjunction with --edit, and must precede that option to have an
- -t tty, --terminal=tty
- Set the controlling terminal.
- -u user, --user=user
- Run as user user in case vdr was started as user 'root'. Starting
vdr as 'root' is necessary if the system time shall be set from the
transponder data, but for security reasons vdr can switch to a lesser
privileged user id during normal operation.
- allow coredumps if -u is given (only for debugging).
- Encode special characters in recording names to avoid problems with VFAT
- -v dir, --video=dir
- Use dir as video directory. The default is /video.
- -V, --version
- Print version information and exit.
- -w sec, --watchdog=sec
- Activate the watchdog timer with a timeout of sec seconds. A value
of 0 (default) disables the watchdog.
- SIGINT, SIGTERM
- Program exits with status 0.
- Program exits with status 1. This can be used to force a reload, for
example if an update has been installed.
- Successful program execution.
- An error has been detected which requires the DVB driver and vdr to
- An non-recoverable error has been detected, vdr has given up.
- Channel configuration.
- Timer configuration.
- User definable setup.
- User definable commands (executed from the Commands menu).
- SVDRP host configuration, defining which hosts or networks are given
access to the SVDRP port.
- Contains the editing marks defined for a recording.
- Contains a description of the recording.
- Contains the index into the recording where the last replay session left
- Contains the file number, offset and type of each frame of the
- Contains the key assignments for the remote control.
- Contains user defined remote control key macros.
- 00001.ts ... 65535.ts
- The actual data files of a recording.
- Contains all current EPG data. Can be used for external processing and
will also be read at program startup to have the full EPG data available
- If this file is present in the video directory, its last modification time
will be used to trigger an update of the list of recordings in the
Written by Klaus Schmidinger, with contributions from many others. See the file
in the vdr
Report bugs to <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
Copyright © 2008 Klaus Schmidinger.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR