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Mojolicious::Plugin::Authentication(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation Mojolicious::Plugin::Authentication(3)

Mojolicious::Plugin::Authentication - A plugin to make authentication a bit easier

version 1.33

    use Mojolicious::Plugin::Authentication;
    $self->plugin('authentication' => {
        autoload_user   => 1,
        session_key     => 'wickedapp',
        load_user       => sub { ... },
        validate_user   => sub { ... },
        current_user_fn => 'user', # compatibility with old code
    my $authenticated = $self->authenticate(
        'username', 'password',
        { optional => 'extra data stuff' },
    if ($authenticated) {

Like other Mojolicious plugins, loading this plugin will import some function helpers into the namespace of your application. This will not normally cause any trouble, but be aware that if you define methods with the same names as those below, you'll likely run into unexpected results.

Authenticate will use the supplied "load_user" and "validate_user" subroutine refs to see whether a user exists with the given username and password, and will set up the session accordingly. Returns true when the user has been successfully authenticated, false otherwise. You can pass additional data along in the "extra_data" hashref, it will be passed to your "validate_user" subroutine as-is. If the extra data hash contains a key "auto_validate", the value of that key will be used as the UID, and authenticate will not call your "validate_user" callback; this can be used when working with OAuth tokens or other authentication mechanisms that do not use a local username and password form.

Returns true if current_user() returns some valid object, false otherwise.

Returns the user object as it was returned from the supplied "load_user" subroutine ref.
You can change the current user by passing it in, but be careful: This bypasses the authentication. This is useful if you have multiple ways to authenticate users and want to re-use authorization checks that use "current_user".

Flushes the current user object and then returns user().

Returns true if uid signature exist on the client side (in cookies), false otherwise.
Warning: non-secure check! Use this method only for a "fast & dirty" lookup to see if the client has the proper cookies. May be helpful in some cases (for example - in counting "guest"/"logged users" or for additional non-confidential information for "logged users" but not for "guest").

Removes the session data for authentication, and effectively logs a user out. Returns a true value, to allow for chaining.

The following options can be set for the plugin:
load_user (REQUIRED)
A coderef for user loading (see "USER LOADING")
validate_user (REQUIRED)
A coderef for user validation (see "USER VALIDATION")
session_key (optional)
The name of the session key
autoload_user (optional)
Turn on/off automatic loading of user data - user data can be loaded only if it be used. May reduce site latency in some cases.
current_user_fn (optional)
Set the name for the "current_user()" helper function
fail_render (optional)
Specify what is to be rendered when the authenticated condition is not met.
Set to a coderef which will be called with the following signature:
    sub {
        my ($routes, $controller, $captures, $required) = @_;
        return $hashref;
The return value of the subroutine will be ignored if it evaluates to false. If it returns a hash reference, it will be dereferenced and passed as-is to the controller's "render" function. If you return anything else, you are going to have a bad time.
If set directly to a hash reference, that will be passed to "render" instead.
In order to set the session expiry time, use the following in your startup routine:
    $app->plugin('authentication', { ... });
    $app->sessions->default_expiration(86400); # set expiry to 1 day
    $app->sessions->default_expiration(3600); # set expiry to 1 hour

The coderef you pass to the load_user configuration key has the following signature:
    sub {
        my ($app, $uid) = @_;
        return $user;
The uid is the value that was originally returned from the "validate_user" coderef. You must return either a user object (it can be a hashref, arrayref, or a blessed object) or undef.

User validation is what happens when we need to authenticate someone. The coderef you pass to the "validate_user" configuration key has the following signature:
    sub {
        my ($c, $username, $password, $extradata) = @_;
        return $uid;
You must return either a user id or undef. The user id can be numerical or a string. Do not return hashrefs, arrayrefs or objects, since the behaviour of this plugin could get a little bit on the odd side of weird if you do that.

For a code example using this, see the t/01-functional.t and t/02-functional_lazy.t tests, it uses Mojolicious::Lite and this plugin.

This plugin also exports a routing condition you can use in order to limit access to certain documents to only authenticated users.
    $r->route('/foo')->over(authenticated => 1)->to('mycontroller#foo');
    my $authenticated_only = $r->route('/members')
        ->over(authenticated => 1)
If someone is not authenticated, these routes will not be considered by the dispatcher and unless you have set up a catch-all route, a 404 Not Found will be generated instead.
And another condition for fast and unsecured checking for users, having a signature (without validating it). This method just checks client cookies for uid data existing.
    $r->route('/foo')->over(signed => 1)->to('mycontroller#foo');
This behavior is similar to the "authenticated" condition.

If you want to be able to send people to a login page, you will have to use the following:
    my $members_only = $r->route('/members')->to(cb => sub {
        my $self = shift;
        $self->redirect_to('/login') and return 0
        return 1;
Lazy and unsecured methods:
    my $members_only = $r->route('/unimportant')->to(cb => sub {
        my $self = shift;
        $self->redirect_to('/login') and return 0
        return 1;

If you want to be able to send people to a login page, you will have to use the following:
    my $auth_bridge = $r->under('/members')->to('auth#check');
    # only visible to logged in users
And in your Auth controller you would put:
    sub check {
        my $self = shift;
        $self->redirect_to('/login') and return 0
        return 1;
Lazy and unsecured methods:
    sub check {
        my $self = shift;
        $self->redirect_to('/login') and return 0
        return 1;

Mojocast 3: Authentication <>

Ben van Staveren, "<madcat at>"
José Joaquín Atria, "<>"

Please report any bugs or feature requests through the web interface at <>.

You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.
    perldoc Mojolicious::Plugin::Authentication
You can also look for information at:
AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation
CPAN Ratings
Search CPAN

Andrew Parker
- For pointing out some bugs that crept in; a silent reminder not to
code while sleepy
Mirko Westermeier (memowe)
- For doing some (much needed) code cleanup
Terrence Brannon (metaperl)
- Documentation patches
Karpich Dmitry (meettya)
- "lazy_mode" and "signature_exists" functionality, including a test
and documentation
Ivo Welch
- For donating his first ever Mojolicious application that shows an
example of how to use this module
Ed Wildgoose (ewildgoose)
- Adding the "current_user()" functionality, as well as some method
renaming to make things a bit more sane.
Colin Cyr (SailingYYC)
- For reporting an issue with routing conditions; I really should not
code while sleepy, brainfarts imminent!
Carlos Ramos (carragom)
- For fixing the bug that'd consider an uid of 0 or "0" to be a problem
Doug Bell (preaction)
- For improving the Travis CI integration and enabling arguments for
Roman F (moltar)
- For fixing some pesky typos in sample code
Hernan Lopes (hernan604)
- For updating some deprecated method names in the documentation

Copyright 2011-2017 Ben van Staveren.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either: the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; or the Artistic License.
See for more information.
2018-04-21 perl v5.28.1

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