X11::Protocol::Ext::Composite - off-screen window contents
my $X = X11::Protocol->new;
or print "Composite extension not available";
$X->CompositeRedirectWindow ($mywindow, 'Automatic');
The Composite extension holds the full pixel contents of windows in off-screen
storage, ready for things like "CopyArea()". Normally the server
only keeps the visible parts of a window, not areas overlapped or obscured.
In "Automatic" mode the visible parts of a window are displayed on
screen as normal. The off-screen storage is then a little like the backing
store feature, but just when one or more clients declare an interest in the
In "Manual" mode the window contents are not drawn on screen, only
kept off-screen. This mode is for use by special "composite manager"
programs which might make a composite display (hence the name of the
extension) of the overlapping windows with partial-transparency or shadowing
There's nothing here to draw or combine to actually make a composite window
result. When required that's done with the usual core protocol drawing or with
drawing extensions such as RENDER (see X11::Protocol::Ext::RENDER).
The following requests are made available with an "init_extension()",
as per "EXTENSIONS" in X11::Protocol.
my $is_available = $X->init_extension('Composite');
- "($server_major, $server_minor) = $X->CompositeQueryVersion
- Negotiate a protocol version with the server. $client_major and
$client_minor is what the client would like, the returned $server_major
and $server_minor is what the server will do, which might be less than
requested (but not more than).
Actually the X.org server circa 1.10 will return a higher minor version than
the client requests.
The current code supports up to 0.3 and the intention is to automatically
negotiate in "init_extension()" if/when necessary.
- "$X->CompositeRedirectWindow ($window, $update)"
- "$X->CompositeRedirectSubwindows ($window, $update)"
- "$X->CompositeUnredirectWindow ($window, $update)"
- "$X->CompositeUnredirectSubwindows ($window, $update)"
- Enable or disable a redirect of $window to off-screen storage.
"Window()" acts on just the given $window.
"Subwindows()" acts on $window and also any subwindows it has
now or in the future. The root window cannot be redirected.
$update is string "Automatic" or "Manual". Only one
client at a time may use Manual mode on a given $window (normally a
"composite manager" program).
Redirection is a per-client setting and is automatically unredirected if the
client disconnects. An unredirect when not redirected is a
"BadValue" error. Off-screen storage remains in effect while at
least one current client has requested it.
- "$X->CompositeCreateRegionFromBorderClip ($region,
- Create $region (a new XID) as a server-side region object initialized to,
umm, something about $window and its current border or visible parts or
Region objects are from XFIXES 2.0 (X11::Protocol::Ext::XFIXES).
"CompositeCreateRegionFromBorderClip()" can be used without
"init_extension()" of XFIXES, but there's not much which can be
done with a region except through XFIXES.
- "$X->CompositeNameWindowPixmap ($window, $pixmap)"
- Set $pixmap (a new XID) to refer to the off-screen storage of $window.
$window must be viewable (mapped and all of its parents mapped) and must
be redirected (by any client).
my $pixmap = $X->new_rsrc;
$X->CompositeNameWindowPixmap ($window, $pixmap);
$pixmap is released with "FreePixmap()" in the usual way. If
$window or a parent is unmapped then $pixmap continues to exist, but it's
association with $window is lost. If $window is mapped and redirected
again later then it has a new off-screen storage and a new
"CompositeNameWindowPixmap()" must be called to get a new pixmap
- "$overlay_window = $X->CompositeGetOverlayWindow
- Return the composite overlay window for the screen of $window.
This window covers the whole screen and is always above ordinary windows but
below any screen saver, and doesn't appear in a "QueryTree()".
It's created when the first client asks for it, and shared by any further
clients who ask.
- "$X->CompositeReleaseOverlayWindow ($window)"
- Release the composite overlay window for the screen of $window. When all
clients release it the overlay window is destroyed.
X11::Protocol, X11::Protocol::Ext::XFIXES, X11::Protocol::Ext::DOUBLE_BUFFER
"Composite Extension", Version 0.4, 2007-7-3,
Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 Kevin Ryde
X11-Protocol-Other is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later version.
X11-Protocol-Other is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
X11-Protocol-Other. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.