GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages
X11::Protocol::Ext::XINERAMA(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation X11::Protocol::Ext::XINERAMA(3)
 

X11::Protocol::Ext::XINERAMA - multi-monitor display information

 use X11::Protocol;
 my $X = X11::Protocol->new;
 $X->init_extension('XINERAMA')
   or print "XINERAMA extension not available";

Xinerama puts together two or more physical monitors to make a single large screen. The XINERAMA extension allows clients to enquire about the setup.
The 1.0 "PanoramiX" requests take a $window parameter apparently to allow for more than one X screen made up of multiple physical monitors, but in practice the servers have only made one screen this way and the 1.1 "Xinerama" requests don't have that.
See examples/xinerama-info.pl for a sample program dumping the Xinerama state information.

The following requests are made available with an "init_extension()" per "EXTENSIONS" in X11::Protocol.
    my $bool = $X->init_extension('XINERAMA');

"($server_major, $server_minor) = $X->PanoramiXQueryVersion ($client_major, $client_minor)"
Negotiate a protocol version with the server. $client_major and $client_minor is what the client would like, the returned $server_major and $server_minor is what the server will do, which might be less than requested (but not more).
The current code in this module supports up to 1.1. The intention would be to automatically negotiate within "init_extension()" if/when necessary,
"$flag = $X->PanoramiXGetState ($window)"
Return non-zero if Xinerama is active on the screen of $window (an XID).
"$count = $X->PanoramiXGetScreenCount ($window)"
Return the number of physical monitors on the screen of $window (an XID).
"($width, $height) = $X->PanoramiXGetScreenSize ($window, $monitor)"
Return the size in pixels of physical monitor number $monitor (integer, 0 for the first monitor) on the screen of $window (an XID).

"$bool = $X->XineramaIsActive ()"
Return non-zero if Xinerama is active on the $X server.
"@rectangles = $X->XineramaQueryScreens ()"
Return the rectangular areas made up by the physical monitors. The return is a list of arrayrefs,
    [ $x,$y, $width,$height ]
    
$x,$y is the top-left corner of the monitor in the combined screen.

Rumour has it the "Xsun" server with Xinerama 1.0 had a different request number 4 than the "XineramaIsActive" of Xinerama 1.1 above.
<http://blogs.sun.com/alanc/entry/xinerama_protocol_clashes_on_solaris>
There's no attempt to do anything about this here, as yet. If "PanoramiXQueryVersion()" reports 1.0 then you shouldn't use "XineramaIsActive()" anyway, so no clash. If you do and it's the "Xsun" server then expect either a Length error reply, or the server to adapt itself to the request length and behave as "XineramaIsActive".

Early server code such as X11R6.4 might not range check the monitor number in "PanoramiXGetScreenSize()". Did big values read out fragments of arbitrary memory, or cause a segfault? Don't do that.
X.org some time post 1.5.x, "Prevent buffer overrun in ProcPanoramiXGetScreenSize", <http://cgit.freedesktop.org/xorg/xserver/commit/?id=2b266eda6e23d16116f8a8e258192df353970279>

To simulate some Xinerama for testing the "Xdmx" server can multiplex together two or more other servers to present one big screen. Those sub-servers can even be "Xnest" or "Xephyr" windows on an existing X display. For example running up "Xdmx" as display ":102",
    Xephyr :5 -screen 200x100 &
    Xephyr :6 -screen 190x110 &
    sleep 1
    Xdmx -display :5 -display :6 +xinerama -input :5 -input :6 :102
"Xephyr" implements some extensions natively, whereas "Xnest" relies on the target server capabilities. Or to run up without bothering to look at anything "Xvfb" in memory or a disk file.

X11::Protocol
Initial technical details "http://www.kernel.org/doc/als1999/Conference/IMcCartney/xinerama.html"

<http://user42.tuxfamily.org/x11-protocol-other/index.html>

Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2017 Kevin Ryde
X11-Protocol-Other is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later version.
X11-Protocol-Other is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with X11-Protocol-Other. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
2017-01-20 perl v5.28.1

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 3 |  Main Index

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with ManDoc.